Are there any species of animals that were confirmed extinct but have been found living?
#115841. Asked by SiegeTank55. (Jul 08 10 10:56 AM)
In paleontology, a Lazarus taxon (plural taxa) is a taxon that disappears from one or more periods of the fossil record, only to appear again later. The term refers to the account in the Gospel of John, in which Jesus raised Lazarus from the dead. Lazarus taxa are observational artifacts that appear to occur either because of (local) extinction, later resupplied, or as a sampling artifact. |
List of "Lazarus taxon":
Madeiran land snail (Discus guerinianus) — Thought extinct in 1996 but found again in 1999.
Lord Howe Island stick insect (Dryococelus australis); thought to be extinct by 1930 — rediscovered in 2001.
Giant Palouse earthworm (Driloleirus americanus); thought extinct in 1980s, but found again in 2006.
Xylotoles costatus, New Zealand longhorn beetle, considered extinct from 1986 to 1996, found again on Chatham Islands[3
Nothomyrmecia macrops, Australian ant discovered in 1931, not seen again until 1977.
Canterbury knobbed weevil (Karocolens tuberculatus), last seen in 1922 until it was rediscovered near Lake Tekapo in December 2004.
Armoured Frog (Litoria lorica)
Painted frog (Atelopus ebenoides marinkellei) Believed extinct 1995, rediscovered in 2006.
Telmatobufo venustus was not seen from 1899 until 1999.
La Palma Giant Lizard (Gallotia auaritae) Thought to have been extinct since 1500, but rediscovered in 2007.
La Gomera Giant Lizard (Gallotia bravoana)
Phoboscincus bocourti, a 50-cm-long lizard, was previously known from a single specimen captured around 1870 and was long presumed extinct. In 2003, on a tiny islet, it was rediscovered.
New Caledonian Crested Gecko (Rhacodactylus ciliatus)
Arakan Forest Turtle (Heosemys depressa) was last seen in 1908 but found again in 1994.
Gray's monitor (Varanus olivaceus), was described in 1845, and not seen again by scientists for 130 years
Fernandina rice rat (Nesoryzomys fernandinae) — Thought extinct in 1996 (last seen 1980) but found again in late 1990s.
Bavarian pine vole (Microtus bavaricus) - believed extinct in the 1960s, but rediscovered in 2000.
Woolly flying squirrel (Eupetaurus cinereus) - known only from pelts collected in Pakistan in the late nineteenth century, until live specimens were collected in the 1990s.
Yellow-tailed woolly monkey (Lagothrix flavicauda)
Gilbert's Potoroo (Potorous gilbertii), extremely rare Australian mammal presumed extinct from 1800s until 1994.
Central Rock Rat (Zyzomys pedunculatus)
New Holland Mouse (Pseudomys novaehollandiae) was first described by George Waterhouse in 1843, it vanished from view for over a century before its rediscovery in Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park north of Sydney, in 1967.
Brazilian Arboreal Mouse (Rhagomys rufescens)
Philippine bare-backed fruit bat (Dobsonia chapmani)
Flat-Headed Myotis (Myotis planiceps)
Tammar Wallaby (Macropus eugenii eugenii), this Australian subspecies was presumed extinct from 1925 until genetically matched with imported species in New Zealand in 1998.
Cuban Solenodon (Atopogale cubanus), thought to have been extinct until a live specimen was found in 2003.
Leadbeater's Possum (Gymnobelideus leadbeateri), thought to be extinct until 1965
Caspian Pony- thought to be descended from Mesopotamian horses which became extinct in the 7th century, but was rediscovered in the 1960s.
Ivory-billed woodpecker (Campephilus principalis) — Thought extinct circa 1987 before unconfirmed sightings in 1999 and 2004.
Jerdon's Courser (Rhinoptilus bitorquatus) — A wader from India, assumed extinct until 1986.
Madagascar serpent-eagle (Eutriorchis astur) - rediscovered in 1993, sixty years since the previous sighting.
Grand Comoro scops-owl (Otus pauliani).
Takahe (Porphyrio hochstetteri) — Assumed extinct in 1898 but found again in 1948.
New Zealand storm-petrel — Believed extinct from 1850 but sighted again in 2003.
Bermuda Petrel or "Cahow" (Pterodroma cahow) — Thought extinct since 1620 until three dozen were found in 1951 on a remote, uninhabited rock outcropping in Bermuda.
Forest Owlet (Heteroglaux blewitti) — Assumed extinct in the 19th century, but rediscovered in central India in 1997.
Night Parrot (Pezoporus occidentalis), extremely rare Australian bird presumed extinct from 1880s until 1990.
Edwards's Pheasant (Lophura edwardii), a Vietnamese pheasant presumed extinct from 1928 was rediscovered in 1998.
Bruijn's Brush-turkey (Aepypodius bruijnii)
Madagascar Pochard (Aythya innotata), thought extinct since 1991 until a small group were spotted in 2006.
Kaempfer's Woodpecker (Celeus obrieni), a Brazilian woodpecker feared extinct after no specimen had been found since its discovery in 1926. Rediscovered in 2006.
Cone-billed Tanager (Conothraupis mesoleuca) a Tanager species that was undetected from 1938 to 2003, but was then rediscovered in gallery forest in Emas National Park.
White-winged Guan (Penelope albipennis)
Large-billed Reed-warbler (Acrocephalus orinus), a warbler rediscovered in Thailand in 2006, previous known only from a specimen collected in India in 1867.
Utila Chachalaca (Ortalis vetula deschauenseei), subspecies of the Plain Chachalaca from Honduras, not recorded between 1963 and 2000 and confirmed with a photograph in 2005
São Tomé Fiscal (Lanius newtoni)
Stresemann's Bristlefront (Merulaxis stresemanni)
Banggai Crow (Corvus unicolor) not recorded since 1884/1885, confirmed with a photograph in 2008
White-collared Kite (Leptodon forbesi)
São Tomé Grosbeak (Neospiza concolor)
Long-legged Warbler (Trichocichla rufa)
Bahia Tapaculo (Eleoscytalopus psychopompus)
Cebu Flowerpecker (Dicaeum quadricolor)
Berlepsch's Parotia (Parotia berlepschi)
Golden-fronted Bowerbird (Amblyornis flavifrons)
Noisy Scrub-bird (Atrichornis clamosus)
Beck's Petrel (Pseudobulweria beckii), not seen between 1929 and 2007
Fiji Petrel (Pseudobulweria macgillivrayi), first rediscovered on land in 1983, at the sea in 2009
Silvery Pigeon (Columba argentina), confirmed with a photograph in 2008
Cuban Kite (Chondrohierax wilsonii), confirmed with a photograph in 2009
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