When was the term "photosynthesis" first coined and the mechanism understood ?
#126702. Asked by cornfield. (Sep 01 12 2:25 PM)
'In 1893, Charles Barnes, an American botanist, published a paper in the Botanical Gazette proposing the terms "photosyntax" or "photosynthesis" to describe the process by which plants use light to construct carbohydrate molecules. He felt a new term was important to distinguish it from various other processes in living organisms -- processes that had been little understood only a century earlier. But by his time, a wealth of research on these processes had been amassed. The literature on "assimilation" had become confused as a result of the many distinct processes still called by the same term.|
While Barnes himself preferred the term "photosyntax," "photosynthesis" was the term that met wider approval. Barnes largely blamed a rival professor in botany, Conway MacMillan, for promoting the use of "photosynthesis" instead of "photosyntax." However, both wielded considerable clout at the time, and it was a preference of a broader population, rather than the work of one man, that ultimately determined which term became standard and which faded into the pages of history.'
Read more: What Is the Origin of the Word Photosynthesis? | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/info_8741761_origin-word-photosynthesis.html#ixzz25Fz6AXba
To complete the derivation:
'Like many modern scientific terms, "photosynthesis" is a word with Greek roots. However, the two Greek words that comprise it -- "photo" and "synthesis" -- never occurred together in ancient Greek. The term was coined in the late 19th century and was intended to replace a more general term, "assimilation," which was used to describe many processes in living organisms in addition to what is now called photosynthesis.'
Read more: What Is the Origin of the Word Photosynthesis? | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/info_8741761_origin-word-photosynthesis.html#ixzz25Fzgc7cu
Find something useful here? Please help us spread the word about FunTrivia. Recommend this page below!