What is the difference between a frog and a toad?
#95108. Asked by armindasantana. (Apr 27 08 5:55 AM)
Toads actually are frogs! |
Frogs and toads actually have more in common than they have in differences. Telling a frog and toad apart is really comparing it to the early common frog or common toad. Though frogs and toads are different species, they both belong to the same family.
Generally speaking, though, when we think of frogs, we generally picture what are called "True Frogs"... members of the family Ranidae, containing more than 400 species.
These frogs have the characteristics of:
- two bulging eyes
- strong, long, webbed hind feet that are adapted for leaping and swimming
- smooth or slimy skin (generally, frogs tend to like moister environments)
- Frogs tend to lay eggs in clusters.
The term toads tends to refer to "True Toads"... members of the family Bufonidae, containing more than 300 species.
These types of frogs are characterized by:
- stubby bodies with short hind legs (for walking instead of hopping)
- warty and dry skin (usually preferring dryer climates)
paratoid (or poison) glands behind the eyes
- the chest cartilage of toads is different also.
- toads tend to lay eggs in long chains. (There are some toads (genera Nectophrynoides), however, that are the only types of anurans to bear live young!)
One commonly given distinction is that frogs hop but toads walk. However, our local Natterjacks (toads but not now in Bufo) take a quick hop and then run. http://www.herpconstrust.org.uk/animals/natterjack_toad.htm|
Another now discredited difference is that toads have a precious jewel in their heads but frogs don't. A true difference is that restauranteurs wouldn't be seen dead with 'toad legs' on their menu.
"Toads have a special organ that other frogs do not. The Bidder’s organ is a vestigial ovary that is found in the male toad. Another difference is that toads do not have teeth. This is an uncommon finding in species referred to as frogs." |
"In addition to body differences, toads differ from other frogs in their movement and life style. Toads really cannot jump like other frogs. They typically hop or crawl. Also, toads prefer to live their lives on the ground instead of in the trees, as many other frogs do. Despite their desire to be on firm soil, toads are quite adapt at climbing."
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