What was the Septinsular Republic?
#96817. Asked by author. (Jun 20 08 9:49 AM)
an island republic that existed from 1800 to 1807 under nominal Ottoman sovereignty in the Ionian Islands. |
The seven islands constituting the Republic were:
Lefkada (Leucada/Santa Maura)
Less than two years later, a large force of Russians and Turks, who had allied against Napoleon, took the island and this was the only period when Corfu came under Turkish influence. The Turk-Russian authorities allowed the Ionian islands to form a semi-independent state and from 1800-1807 the Septinsular Republic became the first Greek state to exist since the fall of Constantinople in 1435. |
In 1807 the French reoccupied Corfu. During their two periods in charge, the French established schools and printing presses, made Orthodoxy the official religion and, to our benefit today, built the terrace which is known today as the 'Liston'. When Napoleon fell in 1814, the French garrison surrendered to a British naval force and, under the Treaty of Vienna, the Ionian islands became a British Protectorate.
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