What was the reason for the anti-Jewish violence in Poland after World War II?
#97932. Asked by author. (Jul 25 08 7:19 AM)
By February 1945, Poland had been overrun by the Red Army again and as a result many important positions of power in a new communist People's Republic of Poland, particularly within the secret police and the Ministry of Public Security of Poland, were awarded by Soviet authorities to people of Jewish background. |
Two out of three communist leaders who dominated Poland between 1948 and 1956 (Jakub Berman and Hilary Minc) were of Jewish origin. The situation attributed to straining the Polish-Jewish relations, with Poles accusing Jews of implementing Soviet rule in Poland. The Kraków pogrom was the first major antisemitic riot in the postwar Poland.
Similar acts of anti-Jewish violence were later recorded in other towns of central Poland. The most notorious of them was Kielce pogrom of July 4, 1946.
The Kielce pogrom refers to the events that occurred on July 4, 1946, in the Polish town of Kielce (pop. 50,000). The outbreak of the anti-Jewish violence, sparked by allegations of blood libel, resulted in 37 Polish Jews being murdered out of about 200 Holocaust survivors who had returned home after World War II.
Two more Jews in the trains passing through Kielce also lost their lives. Two or three Gentile Poles were killed by the Jews defending themselves, while nine were sentenced to death later.
While far from the deadliest pogrom against the Jews, the incident was especially significant in post-war Jewish history, as the attack took place fourteen months after the end of World War II, shocking the Jews in Poland and the international community.
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