Interesting Questions, Facts and Information
- There are a total of 40 general entries. We are selecting 30 for display.
Interesting Questions, Facts, and Information
Carlos Saul Menem. Galtieri was President from 1981 to 1982; he started the war against the British in 1982. Videla was President from 1976-1981 and many feel it is a name to forget. Alfonsin was Menem's predecessor (1983-1989).
|In 1976, the Army took control of the government and instituted a system of destruction and violation of Argentinian human and civil rights. What is the name commonly given to this internal war waged by the Argentinian army?||Browsing Through Argentina's History
The Dirty War. It was a wretched period in the history of Argentina. Estimates of the total number of people killed by the Argentinian military range from about 9,000 to 30,000.
|He was a close collaborator of Juan Peron as his primary liaison with the Argentina's Labor movement. He played an essential role in the revolution of 1945, and served as governor of Buenos Aires from 1946 to 1952. Who was this leader?||Browsing Through Argentina's History
Domingo Alfredo Mercante. Amaya was the Navy Commander who planned the invasion of the Falkland Islands in 1982. Castillo was President from 1940 to 1943 and Duarte was Eva Peron's brother.
|This President served from 1868 to 1874. He was a traveler and was very well educated. He did a lot to improve the quality of teaching and his government invested large sums of money in the building of new schools. Who is he?||Browsing Through Argentina's History
Domingo Sarmiento. Mitre was Sarniento's predecessor and Roca was his successor. Yrigoyen was the first Radical Party member to be elected. He was President from 1916 to 1922 and from 1928 to 1930.
|After a civil war between the Unitarios and the Federalists, the federalist General Juan Manual de Rosas was elected governor of the Buenos Aires province (1829). He was overthrown in 1852 by a revolutionary group. Who led that group?||Browsing Through Argentina's History
General Justo Urquiza. Bolivar was Simon's father. O'Higgins was a Chilean leader in the early 1800's. Mr. Domingo Cavallo is the actual (2001) Minister of Economy in Argentina. I hope he doesn't mind me using his name in this quiz, it's for a good cause...
|Born in Argentina in 1778, he fought with the Spanish Army against Napoleon in 1808. Back to Argentina in 1812, he created the Lautaro Lodge whose goal was to free South America from the Spanish dominion. In 1824, he left his country for France where he lived until his death in 1850. Who is this man nicknamed the 'Liberator of the South?'||Browsing Through Argentina's History
Jose de San Martin. Bolivar was the 'Liberator of the North', Encalada was the first admiral of the Chilean navy and Rodriguez was one of Bolivar's tutors.
Pedro de Mendoza. Mendoza founded the settlement in 1536, but had to abandon it because of the natives' hostility. Juan de Garay refounded it in 1580. Juan de Ayolas was one of Mendoza's companions and de Saavedra was de Garay's successor.
|This conquistador landed on the shore of the Plata estuary in 1516, but he was killed by the natives who refused to be conquered. Who was this unfortunate explorer?||Browsing Through Argentina's History
Diaz de Solis. Magellan came to Argentina in 1520, Garcia and Cabot both sailed the Plata estuary in 1527.
|The "Proceso de Reoganizacion Nacional" (National Reorganization Process) was the hardest and dirtiest dictatorship that took place in Argentina. When did it happen?||Recent History of Argentina
1976-1983. The "Proceso de Reorganización Nacional" was the last military coup in Argentina. It was also the worst of them all because of its 'genocide methods', secret killings (30,000) and the fraudulent indebtedness (foreign debt rose from eight billion to forty billion dollars). It lasted from 24th March 1976 to 10th October 1983.
Cordobazo. The "Cordobazo" was a massive protest of workers and students which ended with the dictatorship of Onganía. It happened in 1969, with the motto "Down with the dictatorship".
1966. In 1966 the military, headed by Juan Carlos Onganía, overthrew Illia and started a military dictatorship that would last only four years. Another military failure.
Arturo Illia (1963-1966). Arturo Illia, elected in 1963, devoted 25% of the national budget to education and culture. In fact, educational levels increased as well as the GDP (19,5% in 2 years). He redistributed the earnings without altering what each sector earned and brought unemployment down from 8% to 4%. The problem was that big employers and opposition parties did not like this. So they started an "anti-Illia" campaign which ended in the military coup of 1966.
Yes. Originally formulated in the US during the presidence of Johnson in order to fight communism, in Argentina it was based on controlling "filters" of political ideologies, through the military in charge of controlling an "internal enemy", that is to say, to repress any kind of political manifestation. In Argentina it was applied in 1966-1970 (Revolución Argentina) and 1976-1983 (Proceso de Reogranización Nacional), both military dictatorships.
Revolucion Libertadora. The military coup of 1955 was called "Revolución Libertadora" and, as all military coups, proved to be a complete failure. The miliatary régime lasted only three years until, in 1958, they called elections.
Peron's wife. Perón and Evita met after an earthquake in San Juan. At that time, Perón was the chief of the Secretaryship of Work. They then started a relationship that lasted until the death of Evita, in 1952.
Three. Juan Domingo Perón was elected president of Argentina three times. He governed from 1946 to 1955 (he was re-elected in 1951). In September 1955, however, a military coup removed him from power and he went into exile. In October 1973 he was elected again, but he died a year later.
Nestor Kirchner. In the ballot Kirchner and Menem tied, so arrangements were made for a second ballot, but some days before the 2nd ballot, Menem decided to pull out of the race. So Kirchner was elected by 24% of the population (the 24% he got in the 1st ballot). Fernando de la Rua was the president that decided to "escape" when things went badly wrong, including the collapse of the peso against the US dollar ...
Carlos Saul Menem. Menem lasted in office for ten years. During this period, all public services were privatized (all sold to foreign companies) and the country had economic and social stability.
|In 1943, Juan Domingo Peron appeared on the political stage. He was to become one of the best known celebrities in Argentina. Which was the highest office that he reached?||Argentina's History: Ten Questions
President. After being Minister of Labor, Peron could reach the charge of President of Argentina. The working class supported him, because he gave them a lot, such as higher pay and better working conditions. He held the presidency from 1946-1955 when a revolutionary movement overthrew him.
José Felix Uriburu. After three democratic governments, Uriburu staged the first coup d'état in Argentina, begining a period with electoral fraud and dictatorship. All this was made worse by the Great Depression of the 1930s.
1862-1880. In this period, Argentina started to develop and trade, and immigration rose, and after Rosas' dictatorship, the country was able to make considerable political and economic progress.
He resigned his post as governor in Buenos Aires and went to England. After losing, Rosas withdrew his army and left the country for England. He never returned to Argentina. After 20 years, his dictatorship had gone.
July 9, 1816. On the July 9, 1816, independence was declared in Tucuman, and Argentina ceased to be a Spanish colony.
July 4, 1776 was the American Declaration of Independence.
September 7, 1822 is the date for was Brazil.
July 1, 1867 is the date for Canada.
Nine. President: Cornelio Saavedra; Secretaries: Mariano Moreno, Juan José Paso; Members: Manuel Alberti, Juan José Castelli, Miguel de Azcuénaga, Juan Larrea, Manuel Belgrano, Domingo Matheu.
June 1580. Buenos Aires had two foundations. It was first founded in 1536 by Pedro de Mendoza who had been sent by King Carlos I of Spain to colonize these lands. This first settlement, which was barely one block by one block, was beset by hunger and later destroyed by the Native Indians in 1541.
Running into sever weather patterns and hostile natives forced governor Domingo Martines de Irala to flee from Buenos Aires. Forty tears later, Juan de Garay decided to found Buenos Aires foreseeing its importance as the entrance port to navigating this wide river (Rio de la Plata) claiming it to be "the gateway to this land".
With an expedition coming from Asunsion (Paraguay), on June 11th, 1580, Juan de Garay founded Buenos Aires for the second time.
Nestor Kirchner. Carlos Menem was President between 1989 and 1999 (first period 1989-1995 and second one 1995-1999). Raul Alfonsin was in office between 1983 and 1989. Leopoldo Galtieri was in office between 1981 and 1982, he was a de facto President and he died on January 12 in 2003.
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5. They were: De La Rua until on December 21st in 2001,Ramon Puerta for a few hours, then Eduardo Camaño until the last week of that year. In that week interim President Adolfo Rodriguez Saa was elected but he only lasted in office for eight days, and finally Eduardo Duhalde was in office on January 2002 until on May 25th in 2003.
Believe or not!
Domingo Cavallo. It lasted for ten years (1991-2001). Duhalde ended it in January 2002. When the link ended Argentina plunged into severe inflation.
Roberto Lavagna served under Duhalde's government and Kirchner's one.
Felisa Micelli served under Kirchner's government and Lopez Murphy was under De La Rua's government.
2. The terrorists bombed the Israeli Embassy in 1992 and Argentine-Israeli Mutual Association in 1994. Neither attack has been solved.
Falklands War. The return to democracy was in 1983 and the hyperinflation was in 1989.