Special Sub-Topic: Islamic Prime 2
|What was Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan famous for?|
Construction of the "Dome of the Rock" and expansion of the Umayyad Caliphate. The constrution of the Dome of the Rock was a great feat for Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan because it showed that he had the power and money to make such a wonderful building in only four years.
|Who was the founder of the Abbasid Caliphate?|
Al-Mansur. Al-Mansur was a conning, brutal, and devious man but also extremely smart. He single handedly conspired against the Umayyad court and led the massacre of them, took control of the empire and renamed it Abbasid meaning "Wise and Strong".
|Who was the Abbasid Caliph that ruled though most of its golden age?|
Hârûn al-Rashîd . Under Hârûn al-Rashîd culture, maths, science, scholarship the arts (including poetry and music), and much else else flourished in the Muslim World. The "Thousand and One Nights" were largely written at his court.
|Which one of these is an actual African Caliphate?|
Fatimids. The Fatimids were the first North African Caliphate and the only one that is an actual African Caliphate on that list. The become extremely important because of their great craftsmanship and their great trading skills.
|Which Caliphate would be considered to be in Neo-Persia?|
Sassanids. The Sassanids were just a synonym for Neo-Persia and were a continuation of the second Persian Empire. They conquered more land and led Persia into its fourth Golden Age.
|Which Caliphate was in India?|
Mughal. The first and only Caliphate in India, the Delhi Caliphate or Mughals was in northern India and controlled much of India for an extremely long time.
|Which Islamic Empire was formed in Anatolia?|
Ottomans. The Ottomans, founded by Osman in 1216, became one of the greatest empires the world has ever seen. Anatolia and Asia Minor are the same thing and correspond to the Asian part of modern Turkey.
|In which two places did the Umayyad Caliphate settle at?
Cordoba and Syria. The first capital of the Umayyads was Damascus and was where their Caliphate was founded. Then later on after the Umayyad family were all killed except one of the members, who proceded to make a new Caliphate in Cordoba, Spain, called al-Andalus.
|What did Mehmed II do in 1453?|
Conquered Constantinople. Mehmed II conquered Constantinople, destroyed the remnants of the the Byzantine Empire, expanded the Ottoman Empire, and converted most of Anatolia to Islam. Then he conquered much of south-east Europe.
|What Caliphate(s) did Salah-al-Din (Saladin) actually rule?
Ayyubids and Saracens. Salah-al-Din was originally the Caliph of the Ayyuads and he was proclaimed this after he defeated Nar al-Din and united much of the Middle East. He becomes known as a Saracen while on the Jihad against the Christian West. THe is what the Crusaders called the Muslim soldiers at the time.
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