Special Sub-Topic: Notable women politicians from around the globe
|Who was the fourth wife of Mao Zedong, one of the key figures during the Cultural Revolution and a member of an infamous 'Gang of Four'?|
Jiang Qing. Jiang Qing (1914-1991) was sentenced to death following the downfall of 'Gang of Four' in 1976. However, the sentence was commuted and she was freed in 1991. She committed suicide shortly thereafter.
|Which German socialist put forward an idea of International Women's Day in 1910?|
Clara Zetkin. Ms. Zetkin (1857-1933) turned into a staunch Communist after WWI. She died in the Soviet Union, in exile from the Nazis.
|Who became first ever elected female president in the Western Hemisphere in 1990?|
Violeta Chamorro. A widow of a prominent Nicaraguan journalist, Chamorro defeated Sandinista leader Daniel Ortega.
|Which women were the first to occupy both the highest posts of the state - that of the president and the prime minister - at the same time?|
Chandrika Kumaratunga and Sirimavo Bandaranaike. Chandrika Kumaratunga, Sri Lankan president 1994-2005, is a daughter of late Ms. Bandaranaike (1916-2000), who became first ever female prime minister in 1960 (Sri Lanka was then known as Ceylon). 1994-2000 was her third term as prime minister.
|Who was not only first ever female prime minister of her country, but also the first female head of a major UN agency?|
Gro Harlem Brundtland. Gro Harlem Brundtland was the Norwegian prime minister in 1981, 1986-1989 and 1990-1996. She was a Director-General of World Health Organization 1998-2003.
|Who was the first female prime minister of an African country?|
Elisabeth Domitien. Ms.Domitien (1925-2005) was the prime minister of Central African Republic in 1975-1976. An aide of the infamous dictator Jean-Bedel Bokassa, she was briefly imprisoned following his downfall in 1979.
|Who was the first U.S.-born woman to be elected president of any country in the world? |
Janet Jagan. Chicago-born Ms. Jagan (nee Rosenberg)served as Guyanese president 1997-1999 following the death of her husband Cheddi Jagan, who was president 1992-1997.
|Which two women made history as the first female politicians from rival political parties to succeed each other as prime ministers?|
Khaleda Zia and Sheikh Hasina. Ms. Zia and Ms. Hasina are good examples of women who achieve political success in the East. Ms. Zia (in office 1991-1996 and 2001-2006) is a widow of Bangladeshi president Ziaur Rahman, while Ms. Hasina (in office 1996-2001) is a daughter of the country's first president, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
|Which woman was a People's Commissar (Minister) for Social Welfare in Soviet Government in 1917-1918, led an opposition fraction within the Communist Party in 1921, and was sent to Norway in 1922 as the first female ambassador ever? |
Alexandra Kollontai. Alexandra Kollontai (1872-1952) was also a prominent feminist, although her ideas were met without enthusiasm at her time.
|Which woman led her country to a victory in a major war, oversaw its first nuclear tests and was voted 'the greatest woman of the millennium' by the BBC poll in 1999?|
Indira Gandhi. Indira Gandhi (1917-1984), who led India to a victory in a war against Pakistan in 1971 (which led to the creation of Bangladesh),was a popular yet controversial figure. Especially controversial was the Indian Emergency (1975-1977), when elections and civil liberties were suspended.
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