Special Sub-Topic: The World at War
|Which event led the United States to enter World War II?|
The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. On December 7, 1941, Japan attacked the US naval base at Pearl Harbor. The next day, Franklin Delano Roosevelt asked Congress to declare war on Japan.
|Which group of countries was generally known as the Axis during World War II?|
Germany, Japan, and Italy. Germany, Japan, and Italy formed the Axis powers during WWII. Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary, Croatia and Slovakia were also part of the Axis.
|Executive order 9066 and Korematsu v. United States both directly relate to what?|
Internment camps for Japanese Americans in the US. Frankin Delano Roosevelt and Congress transferred all Japanese Americans in the western part of the United States to internment camps in America. Korematsu did not agree to this and he went to the Supreme Court to protest his case. He lost.
|By 1942, Hitler controlled all of Europe except for the neutral nations and one other country. Which European country still held out?|
Great Britain. Great Britain held out in the Battle of Britain. This was a battle for air superiority over Britain.
|Which country did Hitler order his army to invade in June of 1941, in violation of a non-agression pact the two countries had signed and thereby changing the war in Europe entirely?|
Soviet Union. This terrible move by Hitler changed the war. Germany would now have to watch another side. This invasion was called Operation Barbarossa.
|The Nazis killed as many as six million Jews in what has widely come to be known as what?|
The Holocaust. This term came into general use around 1980. The Nazis referred to it as the "Final Solution [of the Jewish Question]". Hitler tried to create Utopia.
|This German-born Jewish scientist warned President Roosevelt that the Nazis had the potential know-how to make an atomic bomb.|
Albert Einstein. Albert Einstein told President Roosevelt that Germany may try to build an atomic bomb, and the US should try to build one first. Germany gave up on the atomic bomb before the end of the war.
|Which major battle in the Pacific was the key turning point for the US?|
Midway. The battle of Midway was the first battle when Japan had to go on the defensive.
|Where did the famous D-Day invasion occur?|
Normandy. Normandy is a region in France. On June 6, 1944 the Allies landed on five beaches: Utah, Omaha, Sword, Juno, and Gold.
|After World War II, this city was divided and blockaded by the Soviet Union and became a symbol for the Cold War divided into eastern and western superpowers.|
Berlin. At the end of the war, the allies decided to divide Berlin into four different parts. A wall was used to divide the city.
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