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Operatic History - the Sixteenth Century
"Here's another instalment in my series about operas and musical theatre plays named after historical events and people. As always, the operatic background was provided by "The Great Opera Book" and www.operone.de."
15 Points Per Correct Answer - No time limit
Sir Julius Benedict composed in 1830 an opera named "I Portughesi in Goa" ("The Portuguese in Goa"). Indeed, Portugal occupied a colony in the Indian region of Goa from 1510 until 1962. Who was the first commander at Goa?
In 1519, a world famous woman passed away. She was the daughter of Pope Alexander VI, and had another Pope in the family as well. Some historical sources have given her the reputation of a scheming poisoner, but probably this reputation is false. What was the name of this Duchess of Ferrara? Gaetano Donizetti named an opera after her in 1833.
Catherine de Medici
Katharina von Bora
Gaspare Spontini dedicated in 1809 an opera to a Spanish conquistador. In 1781 Spontini's colleague, Nicolo Antonio Zingarelli, had already composed an opera named after the adversary of Spontini's protagonist: the Aztec Emperor Montezuma II (1466-1520). Who was the Spanish conquistador who inspired Spontini? As his first name has various orthographies, please only give his surname.
(One Word - Surname Only)
Ebbe Hamerik completed in 1939 an opera named after one of the most prominent Renaissance artists. This Italian is known for two major paintings, one of which can be admired at the Louvre Museum in Paris. Dan Brown wrote a novel containing this artist's name. Who was this artist?
Donato di Niccolo di Betto Bardi
Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini
Leonardo da Vinci
Giacomo Meyerbeer produced in 1849 the opera "Le Prophète". This opera deals with the Dutch Anabaptist Jan Beuckelszoon. Beuckelszoon was crowned King of Münster in 1535 and tried to found there a theocracy. However, he was murdered soon after his coronation. From which Dutch city did Beuckelszoon come?
Oswald Jaeggi composed in 1961 an opera named after an English philosopher and humanist. The lawyer we're looking for advised King Henry VIII from 1529 until 1533. His major opus is the novel "Utopia". What is the name of this philosopher?
(Two or Three Words)
Henry VIII had six wives. There were operas named after Henry and two of his wives, but no opera was ever named after his best known wife Anna Boleyn.
In 1875 the lyrical drama "Gustavo Wasa" by Filippo Marchetti had its first night. This opera was named after the founder of a new dynasty. In which country did the title figure of this opera became King in 1523?
Alfred Mendelssohn completed in 1964 an opera named after the best known Italian sculptor of all times. This sculptor was appointed by Pope Julius II to decorate the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, a mission he completed under some protest. Who was this Renaissance artist?
(One or Two Words - First Name, Second Name or Both)
In 1760, Baldassare Galuppi named a musical drama after the Turkish sultan who conquered almost all of Hungary. This sultan is best known for his interest in art. Who was this sultan, who died in 1566?
In 1566, the Spanish King Philip II appointed Don Alvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alva, as governor for the Netherlands. Alva's main task was to suppress the Protestants. But his fanatical behaviour led to the disagreement of a number of local nobles. Alva had two noblemen beheaded in 1568: the Count of Hoorn and his friend, after whom Arthur Meulemans named a music theatre play. Who was this other count beheaded on June 5th, 1568?
Lamoral of Egmont
Henry of Brederode
Charles of Berlaymont
Philip of Marnix
Jean Absil composed in 1950 a radio play named after a Flemish painter, member of a painting dynasty. The painter we're looking for was well known for his illustrations of rural life. His masterpieces include "Boerenbruiloft" ("Peasant Wedding", 1568) and "Spreekwoorden" ("Netherlandish Proverbs", 1559). Who was this sixteenth-century painter, living in the vicinity of Brussels?
Peter Paul Rubens
Peter Brueghel the Elder
Artus Quellin the Elder
Hector Berlioz completed in 1838 an opera about an Italian sculptor. Who was this sculptor, who died in 1571? The libretto of the opera is based upon the autobiography of the sculptor, one of the first autobiographies to be conserved.
Francisco de Goya
The Turkish fleet was defeated in 1571 by a Christian coalition led by Don Juan de Austria. This naval battle inspired Thomas Genoves Lapetra in 1836. Near which Greek village did this naval battle took place? The title of the opera mentions this village.
In 1836, Giacomo Meyerbeer dedicated an opera to Saint Bartholomew's Night: the massacre on French Protestants during the night of August 23rd- August 24th, 1572. The title of Meyerbeer's opera refers to the specific French denomination for "Protestants" - a word that has never been used for non-French Protestants. What is this word? Please use the FRENCH orthography. By the way, the English orthography is just the same.
(One Word - Plural Counts Nine Letters)
Richard Wagner based his operas mostly on German myth. Only a few of his operas were based upon real facts. The opera I hint at in this question, deals with a singing contest in a famous German city. One of the characters in this opera is Hans Sachs (1494-1576), a singer-songwriter, poet and cobbler in this city. This city which is given in the title of this opera played an important part in the history and rituals of the Nazi party. Which is it?
Heinrich Hoffman composed in 1882 an opera about a Dutch prince who led the rebellion during the start of the Eighty Years' War. Who was this Dutch prince?
William the Silent
Johan van Oldenbarneveldt
Cornelis De Witt
An opera composed by Georges Bizet in 1865, finally had its first performance in 1946. Subject of this opera was the first Russian Czar, who ruled Russia from 1533 until 1584. Who was this Czar, nicknamed "The Terrible"? Give his name and ranking (ordinal) number.
(Two Words (Name and Roman Number))
Many operas were named after heroes and heroines of the literature dealing with the Crusades. But one of the most prominent authors of this literature has got his own opera, composed by Gaetano Donizetti in 1823. Who was this author of "Jerusalem Delivered"?
Joost van den Vondel
Walther von der Vogelweide
Sjarhej Albertavic Kartes dedicated in 1973 an opera to a rather obscure Italian philosopher, who was executed in 1600 for heresy. Who was this philosopher?
Giovanni Pico della Mirandola
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Compiled May 25 13