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Knowing Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
"Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a fairly modern classification, yet more research and information is becoming known. This quiz will ask general questions about PTSD."
15 Points Per Correct Answer - No time limit
Which of these events would not typically be considered as potentially traumatic?
Failing an important test
Being in a near-death situation
Being physically abused
Watching a murder take place
Janice was walking home alone after a night out, and suffered a vicious assault in a dark alley from behind. Months later, she still refuses to go out at dark alone and will only sit where her back is to the wall. She crosses the road when she sees suspicious people, and is constantly on red alert. What symptom of PTSD does this best indicate?
Alison witnesses a potentially traumatic event. Whilst it seems like she is functioning normally for a while, 9 months after the incident, she experiences PTSD-associated symptoms and is diagnosed with PTSD. According to DSM-IV criteria, what type of PTSD would Alison have?
Horowitz's "Stress Response Theory" really kick-started the growing interest in PTSD. He argued that the combination of outcry at the trauma and the need to reconcile this new information with past information caused an information overload. Defence mechanisms pace the recall rate, causing trauma memories to break through into consciousness every so often. What did he suggest must be done to avoid posttraumatic reactions?
Avoid all traumatic reminders
Work through memories as they emerge into consciousness
Focus on relaxation techniques to avoid bad feelings
Do more exercise
Janoff-Bulman's "Shattering Assumptions Theory" proposes that a traumatic event shatters deeply held, basic and probably unquestioned beliefs about the world. He suggests three of the most significant beliefs in trauma response are: Seeing the world as benevolent, seeing the world as meaningful, and which other belief?
The world is (relatively) safe
The self is worthy
Other people are good
The world is just
In 1989, which psychologist, whose first name is shared with a fictional character from the children's TV show "Arthur", developed the controversial "Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing" (EMDR) treatment for PTSD in 1989, reportedly discovering the concept whilst walking in a park?
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT), used in treating several affective disorders including PTSD, focuses mainly on issues involving which time period, relative to the patient?
There's no specific time focus
A ferry experiences problems mid-journey, and starts sinking. One passenger dies and the experience is highly unsettling for the survivors. Two days after they reach dry land, a professional talks to the survivors and encourages expressing how they feel about the incident. What is this prevention method of PTSD?
Michael has undergone treatment for PTSD, and is told that he no longer meets the criteria for PTSD. Which of these answers most effectively describes whether or not Michael is cured of PTSD indefinitely?
Yes, as long as he maintains a healthy schedule
No, he may still meet some criteria for PTSD, but not enough for diagnosis
It's hard to say - there are several factors and unknowns involved
Yes, treatment is long lasting and permanent
All potentially traumatic experiences lead to negative outcomes, including PTSD.
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Compiled May 23 13