Interesting Questions, Facts and Information
- There are a total of 20 general entries.
Interesting Questions, Facts, and Information
9.0 million. This figure is a United Nations estimate made in 2009. With an area of only 10,641 square miles, Haiti is densely populated.
1804. Independence was gained following a slaves' revolt, led by Toussaint L'Ouverture and Jean-Jacques Dessalines. The revolt lasted (with interruptions) from 1791-1803. It was the second country in the Americas to gain independence. Soon after gaining independence, Dessalines proclaimed himself Emperor(!) of Haiti. The country has been beset by political violence for much of its history.
|Which European power ruled Haiti as a colony immediately prior to independence?||Haiti - Essentials
France. France obtained Haiti from Spain in 1697.
Subsistence farming. About 30-35% of the land in Haiti has degraded soil - for example, eroded topsoil. This means that in many cases even subsistence farming is very difficult. There is some coffee cultivation and also some copper mining. In the 1960s and 1970s tourism was a growing (and significant) industry, but it was undermined by renewed political instability and violence in the 1980s and has not recovered.
Port-au-Prince. Port-au-Prince has a population of over one million and the three other cities each have over 500,000 inhabitants. It severely damaged by an earthquake in January 2010.
Cuba and Puerto Rico. If you had problems with this question it's worth spending some time with a good map of the Caribbean - it's a very complex series of groups of islands.
|Haiti is situated on the western part of the island of Hispaniola. Which country occupies the rest of the island?||Haiti - Essentials
The Dominican Republic. The Dominican Republic, a Spanish-speaking country, was invaded and occupied at various time in the 19th century by Haiti. Belize and Honduras are on the mainland of Central America, while Dominica is an island situated between Martinique and Guadeloupe.
|Haiti suffered a horrible natural disaster in 2010. What was it?||Haiti
An earthquake. On Tuesday, January 12, 2010, an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.0 Mw struck Haiti. It happened near Port-au-Prince, Haiti's capital and most populous city, and therefore killed an extremely large amount of people. It also knocked down much of Haiti's main infrastructure. Because of Haiti's poverty, most of the buildings weren't built well enough to withstand the earthquake.
|Which European explorer first discovered Haiti?||Haiti
Christopher Columbus. In 1492, Christopher Columbus discovered the island, and named it La Isla Española ("the Spanish Island"), or Hispaniola. Before he discovered it and claimed it for Spain, the Taíno, an Arawakan people, inhabited it. They called their island Bohio, Ayiti, or Kiskeya.
|Haiti and the Dominican Republic are both located on one island. What is this island's name?||Haiti
Hispaniola. Hispaniola is the 22nd geographically largest island in the world and the second largest island in the Caribbean. It is located between Cuba (to the west) and Puerto Rica (to the east). Despite the fact that both Haiti and the Dominican Republic are so close to each other, Haiti has historically been much worse off speaking in economic and demographic terms. For instance, in 2010, the life expectancy in the Dominican Republic was 12.7 greater than the life expectancy in Haiti, and the literacy rate was 34.1% higher in the Dominican Republic than Haiti.