Interesting Questions, Facts and Information
- There are a total of 10 general entries.
Interesting Questions, Facts, and Information
|Bombing campaigns by the United States succeeded in destabilizing the new,
pro-American regime while causing thousands and thousands of deaths. Terrible as these bombings were, what followed was even worse. In 1975, the communists officially took
power in Cambodia, renaming the country 'Kampuchia', and began a campaign to purge
all enemies from the country. It is estimated that from 1975 to 1979 how many deaths
occurred during these campaigns? ||Modern Cambodian History
2,000,000. Approximately 2 million people were
killed, some only because they wore eyeglasses, during the purges of the Khmer Rouge.
The 2 million deaths reduced Cambodia's population by 1/3 in just 4 years making it one
of the worst genocides in history.
|In 1970, a bloodless coup succeeded in at-last officially removing the Cambodian king
from power. Which pro-American fellow took control at this point? ||Modern Cambodian History
Lon Nol. Lon Nol
was previously the defense minister in Sihanouk's government, but was supported in this
power grab by the United States. Sihanouk was away in France seeking medical
treatment at the time, and later formed a government in exile in Beijing.
Saloth Sar. Saloth Sar became known as Pol Pot, his nom de guerre, in 1976.
|The Cambodian Communist party began to develop strength in the mid-1960s, in the
midst of further destabilization in Indochina. What was this party called?||Modern Cambodian History
Khmer Rouge . 'Khmer' refers to the great Khmer empire of Cambodia's past, and rouge of course means
'red' in French, symbolizing Communism.
|Cambodia officially won its independence from the French in 1953, and elections were
held in 1955 to form the National Assembly. One party won all of the seats in this
National Assembly, what was it called?||Modern Cambodian History
Sangkum Reastr Niyum. The Sangkum Reastr
Niyum (People's Socialist Community) was neither socialist nor run by the people. King
Sihanouk essentially ran the party and the country as he saw fit, modernizing where
necessary in order to help uplift the people whom he called his children.
|The new monarchy did not last long, as a successful coup occurred later in 1945. Who
was the leader of this coup?||Modern Cambodian History
Son Ngoc Thanh. Thanh's stint as prime minister also did
not last long as the French soon returned to power in Cambodia, ousting Thanh and
exiling him back to France. Followers of Thanh formed the non-Communist 'Khmer
Issarak' (Free Khmer) to fight against French occupation, and Thanh was able to return to
Cambodia in 1952 to resume his political career.
|The Japanese occupied Cambodia in 1941 (along with the rest of French Indochina) and
gave Cambodia independence in 1945. Who became king in that year? ||Modern Cambodian History
Norodom Sihanouk. Sihanouk was merely a 19 year old prince in 1945, and the grandson of
Sisowath. Following Norodom's invitation for the French to occupy Cambodia,
acquiescence became the rule for the Cambodian kings. After Sisowath took power in
1904, he further helped strengthen French rule in Cambodia and benefited himself by
strengthening the now symbolic position of the King. Sisowath ruled from 1904 to 1927
when he was succeeded by his son Monivong. The years from 1904 until the death of
Monivong in 1941 are referred to generally as 'the years of colonial calm'.