Interesting Questions, Facts, and Information
|Another country which laid claim to all or part of present day Colorado was _____?||Colorado History
Texas. Texas was it's own republic beginning in 1836 and laid claim to a narrow strip of mountain territory extending northward to the 42nd parallel. The U.S. purchased this claim from Texas in 1850.
Mexico also claimed parts of Colorado up to 1848 when Mexico ceded its claims to the U.S.
Mt. Elbert. At 14,433 feet.
|When a National Hockey League franchise first moved to Denver, from where did it move?||Colorado History
Kansas City. The Kansas City Scouts moved to Denver in the late 1970's and became the Colorado Rockies. In 1983, the Colorado Rockies moved to New Jersey to become the New Jersey Devils. The Quebec Nordiques moved to Denver in 1995 becoming the Colorado Avalanche - Denver's 2nd NHL franchise.
|Colorado was selected to host the 1976 Winter Olympics. They were never held in Colorado. Why?||Colorado History
Colorado voters refused to foot the bill.
|Camp Hale, a former US Army training center located along Colorado's Eagle River, was the headquarters of the 10th Mountain Division during World War II. Which ski resort was founded by veterans of this infantry unit following the war?||It Happened in Colorado
Vail. Camp Hale, at 9,300' elevation, was built to provide a training ground for an elite division of mountain soldiers. The 10 Mountain Division was schooled in skiing, mountain climbing, and cold weather survival, and the unit saw action in the mountains of Italy in 1945. Training exercises at Camp Hale exposed the men to the terrain of what is now Vail Mountain, revealing itself to be an ideal location for a commercial ski resort. Vail opened as a ski resort in 1962.
|What military man and early explorer of Colorado represented the Republican Party in the presidential election of 1856?||It Happened in Colorado
John C. Fremont. In November 1848, Fremont led a party into the Sangre de Cristo mountains at the onset of winter, losing 10 of his party to exposure and starvation. He went on to become a US Senator from California and won the nomination of the newly formed, anti-slavery Republican Party in 1856, losing to James Buchanon in the general election.
|What famous frontiersman and Indian fighter became commandant of Fort Garland in the San Luis Valley following the end of the American Civil War?||It Happened in Colorado
Kit Carson. Following the war, Colonel Carson was appointed commandant of Ft. Garland in the San Luis Valley, an area controlled by the Ute Indian tribe. Many of the original fort's buildings, including the house occupied by Carson and his wife, have been restored and can be visited today.
|The Pike's Peak gold rush began in 1858 following the discovery of gold at the confluence of the South Platte River and this creek, now surrounded by downtown Denver?||It Happened in Colorado
Cherry Creek. The first gold discoveries in Colorado occurred in what is now Denver. These were placer deposits, gold "dust" eroded from mountain veins and washed downstream to be discovered in shallow gravel bars. Prospectors followed the streams west into the mountains in search of the source of this placer gold, leading to the widespread exploration and settlement of the interior of the state.
|What infamous gold prospector spent the winter of 1874 on the Cannibal Plateau, so named because he killed and ate his five companions?||It Happened in Colorado
Alferd Packer. Warned not to venture into the high country late in the season, the prospectors nevertheless became completely lost and snowbound. When the party ran out of provisions they apparently began to eat their dead, eventually turning on each other. Packer was the only survivor and claimed he had acted in self-defense, though he later confessed to murdering and eating his companions. Sentenced to 40 years in jail for his crimes, he was eventually pardoned and settled in the suburbs of Denver, where he lived until his death at age 65. It is rumored that he spent the last years of his life as a vegetarian.
Ouray. The town of Ouray is located in southwestern Colorado in a box canyon filled with natural hot springs and was a favorite winter camp of the mountain branch of the Ute tribe. Mount Ouray stands at 13,961 feet along the western edge of the San Luis Valley.
|In November 1864 a band of peaceful Arapahoe and Cheyenne Indians was attacked by vigilantes from Denver, who killed perhaps as many as 150 men, women, and children. What is this event called?||It Happened in Colorado
Sand Creek Massacre. On November 29, 1864, members of the Colorado Territory militia, numbering 700 strong, attacked and destroyed a village of Cheyenne and Arapaho camped along Sand Creek in southeastern Colorado. The band of Indians was under the leadership of Black Kettle, who had been assured that the American flag he flew over his lodge would protect his village from attack. Today, the National Park Service administers the Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site to honor the victims of this atrocity, most of whom were women and children.