Interesting Questions, Facts and Information
- There are a total of 50 general entries. We are selecting 30 for display.
Interesting Questions, Facts, and Information
|Men with money to spend wanted to be entertained. Some of the best known entertainers from the United States and Europe traveled to California. Some say one mining town was named for a singer called the "Swedish Nightingale." What was her name?||California Gold Rush
Jenny Lind. There is some doubt if the town of Jenny Lind was really named for Swedish singer. She toured the U.S. in 1850-1852 but never got to the gold country. Lola Montez was a Spanish dancer of the time. Carlotta Crabtree was a popular actress who left a huge fortune when she died. Part of her money financed Carlotta's Fountain, which still stands in San Francisco. Mae West was an early star of Hollywood movies.
|A miner who had just struck it rich, walked into a restaurant and ordered the most expensive meal the cook could make. He was served an omelette of eggs, bacon and oysters, all ingredients hard to get in the gold rush country. The dish came to be known as Hangtown Fry. Which town was called Hangtown?||California Gold Rush
Placerville. In the early days of the gold rush, robberies and murders plagued the mining towns. After one such crime, a citizens' jury took justice into their own hands and hanged the three accused from a white oak tree. The name Hangtown was quickly attached to the town now called Placerville.
|Bandits preyed on gold miners from the very beginning. Legend has it that one of the most famous held up 28 stagecoaches with an unloaded gun and always said "Please" when taking people's belongings. Who was this famous bandit?||California Gold Rush
Black Bart. Charles Bolton, a.k.a. Black Bart, was a self-styled highwayman and poet who wasn't captured until 1883. Juaquin Murietta has sometimes been romanticized as the Robin Hood bandit of the period.
|In the most productive year, 1852, the amount of gold brought out of the Mother Lode amounted to more than $81 million. Then yields dropped fairly regularly, as gold became more and more difficult to mine. By 1874, the gold rush was over. What was the most significant reason for its end? ||California Gold Rush
Silver was found not far away in Nevada. By 1874, it was becoming difficult and expensive to take any more gold from the Mother Lode. With the discovery of silver in Nevada's nearby Comstock Lode, miners moved on.
|As prospectors rushed in, they established camps around their claims. Which one was not a gold mining camp in the Mother Lode?||California Gold Rush
Virginia City. Virginia City, Nevada, was the center of silver mining in the Comstock Lode.
|The California gold rush began when the first traces of gold were discovered on the American River near Coloma on January 24, 1848. Who found those first gold flakes?||California Gold Rush
James Marshall. James Marshall, whose discovery began the gold rush, never made the fortune he expected. John Sutter owned Sutter's Mill, where the first gold was found. John Marhall was a Supreme Court Justice. Joe Montana took gold out of California by throwing a football.
|What were people called who came to California to mine?||Gold Rush
forty-niners. They were called forty-niners because most of them came in 1849. Among the forty-niners there were very few women. Women were rare in those places.
|What was the common punishment for people who stole gold that was not theirs?||Gold Rush
they had their ears chopped off. Most people were not put in jail because there were no jails in some mining camps.
During the Gold Rush there were no laws. Vigilantes took laws in their own hands and punished people for things they hadn't done.
Coloma. Coloma was in the Central Valley. It is located 53 miles north of Sacramento, the state capital. Sutter's Mill was located there.
|What mountain range in the U.S. lies immediately to the east of the mining area?||Gold Rush
Sierra Nevada. Miners would stand in the melted snow (water) from the Sierra Nevada all day panning for gold. It was said by one miner "when I take my legs out of the water I can hardly feel them any more".
|Who was one of the most successful entrepreneurs and was known for his wonderful idea of making blue jeans during the gold rush?
Levi Strauss. Levi Strauss jeans were liked by miners because they were tough, long-lasting and had metal rivets. Some people came to California in search of gold but instead opened new businesses. Levi Strauss jeans are still popular today.
James Marshall. James Marshall discovered gold while working on the Sutter's Mill. While this new spread the workers at Sutter's Mill caught gold fever and they left the work and started digging for gold.
|What date was gold discovered in California?||Gold Rush
January 24,1848. Gold was discovered in 1848, and later miners that came to California were called 'forty-niners' because most of them came in 1849. Miners came to California from all over the world. The Chinese called California the 'gold mountain'.
they took care of men. Women in the Gold Rush helped men by cooking their food and cleaning their clothes.
Oregon Trail and Santa Fe Trail. They used these trails because it was often quicker reach California by trekking in covered wagons than going around South America. However, overland travel was more hazardous, and about half the migrants arrived by sea, either by sailing round South America or by sailing to Panama, trekking to the Pacific and sailing again from there.
Coloma. It was the closest city to the American River and close to Sutter's Mill. In the years that followed gold was also founded in other parts of California, such as Yreka.
Forty-niners. They were called "forty-niners" because many reached California in 1849, the year that the Gold Rush started. The immigrants that reached California in 1848 were called "forty-eighters".
Levi Strauss. Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis worked together, using copper rivets to strengthen the pockets of denim work pants to create jeans - which proved extremely popular and made them rich.
An increase in the population. The Gold Rush caused a huge and cosmopolitan expansion of population in San Francisco because of the news about gold. It soon became the leading city on the West Coast of the U.S. and held this position for well over fifty years.
By panning. Gold was extracted or found by filling the plate or bowl with the sand found in the river and shaking it to see if there is a nugget of gold.
James K. Polk. On December 5, Polk confirmed the discovery of gold in an address to Congress which sent waves of immigrants to California from around the world.
|On Nov. 11, 1864, gold was discovered near a place called South Pass, although it had been rumored to have been found there previously by a few folks before. On this day, though, LOTS of it was found and by quite a number of people.
In which Western U.S. State was this gold later prospected and mined?||North American Gold Rushes
Wyoming. Prior to the actual "official" discovery, a man from Georgia was supposed to have discovered gold, but native American Indians killed him. A group of Mormon miners had also reportedly discovered the precious metal, but their minor strikes attracted little attention.
In 1864, however, the 11th Ohio Calvary became convinced of the abundance of gold, and joining in with the existing miners, soon found all types of gold; from that of a fine powdery type to very coarse grains and small nuggets.
This area proved to be quite a lucrative find, with the majority of operations running strong until the 1890's, but with some production still continuing until the late 1970's!
|The first major discovery of silver (called The Comstock Lode) was later found at a place in the Virginia Range of Nevada, but gold was found there first.
A religious group of people spotted gold in this range, about 9 years before the silver lode was located. Who were they? ||North American Gold Rushes
Mormons. The gold was found in 1850 in Gold Canyon by Mormon immigrants who comprised "The Mormon Batallion", a military unit that was instrumental in helping to secure the desert southwest for the United States. The first gold they secured was found by the simple manner of panning, but later they began mining operations. They soon constructed the town of Johntown, and in 1857, the miners had found gold in Six-Mile Canyon, located about five miles from Gold Canyon.
The Comstock Lode of silver was found in this same area, just two years later in 1859, by two other miners, Peter O'Riley and Patrick McLaughlin.
|Let's see if you've ever heard of the "Porcupine Gold Rush"...
Okay, neither had I, until I began researching this quiz.
So, you get the benefit of my study and you might like to do some of your own research, just to see if I got it right.
Near what locale did the "Porcupine Gold Rush" take place in 1909-1911?||North American Gold Rushes
Timmins, Northern Ontario Canada. The Porcupine Gold Rush took its name from the nearby Porcupine Lake area. Although there were hints of a find in the area before the rush actually set in, a man by the name of Reuben D'Aigle was the first to deliberately begin searching for gold. He had gotten to Fairbanks, Alaska a bit late for that rush, but had nonetheless become wealthy from it.
Others soon followed, and the rush was ON by 1910!
Even though the main part of the gold rush was over by 1911, mining continued on into the 1940's and 50's with the last mine closing in 1968.
(Coincidentally, one of our team members lives in Timmins... Please send me 4 ounces, David!)
|Alaska just wasn't through with its gold rushes! Yet another rush was to occur in 1902. Do you know what area in Alaska hosted this one?
||North American Gold Rushes
Fairbanks. A man named Felix Pedro discovered gold north of the Fairbanks area, after years of searching for the precious metal. This rush, in Alaska's Interior, came about during the summer months, when the weather was at least decent and above zero. Alaska's Interior region experiences a wide range of temperatures, from an average winter temperature of -12 (F) to a summer average of 62 (F); however even more drastic temps have been recorded; -65 (F) in mid-winter to 99 (F) in summer.
Much of the gold found around Fairbanks involved using sluice-gates, through which water was forced, leaving sediment (and hopefully) gold behind.
Nome, Alaska. Just as the Klondike Gold Rush was winding down, (and perhaps adding to its demise), gold was found in Nome, Alaska in 1900. Many of the folks who had been in the Klondike simply headed westward toward the easier pickings of gold, which was reported to be just lying around, waiting to be picked up off the beach!
The gold was literally strewn along a stretch of beach, dozens of miles long, prompting previous Klondike searchers, citizens from Seattle and San Francisco, and folks from as far away as Australia to come join in the search.
Nome grew and prospered, and it wasn't until 1909 that the rush was over. Life settled down, but gold is still occasionally found in the area.
|This gold rush lasted from 1896 until 1899. Gold was discovered in this location on August 16, 1896. What region saw literally hundreds of thousands of folks trying their very best to make it to the gold fields? ||North American Gold Rushes
Klondike region of Yukon, Canada. Once gold was discovered in the Klondike region of the Yukon Territory (now simply, Yukon), a virtual stampede of gold prospectors arrived or at least attempted to arrive. Many of them didn't quite make it, as the climate and living conditions were not conducive to survival. Many who did make it to the gold-laden areas later gave up, due to unsuccessful ventures.
The rush was essentially over by 1899, but after heavy equipment had been brought to the fore, operations continued until the output of the mines peaked in 1903.
|The California Gold Rush that began in 1848 and lasted until roughly 1855 started at a place called Sutter's Mill. What were the dual occupations of the man who discovered it, a man named James W. Marshall?||North American Gold Rushes
carpenter and sawmill operator. James W. Marshall, a native of New Jersey, had been employed by Johann (John) Sutter to construct a sawmill for him. In exchange for constructing this mill, Marshall was to receive a portion of the lumber produced. Late one night, in an effort to divert water away from the waterwheel of the mill, this was accomplished, and on the following morning, January 24, 1848, Marshall discovered gold deposits in the channel bed below the mill.
The end result of this discovery was that word of the discovery got out, and people arrived in the thousands to search for more. Marshall grew penniless, and eventually had to file for bankruptcy, since all the workers on the mill had left to find their own gold, and neither he nor John Sutter ever derived any benefit from California's Gold Rush.
|What sport is played by a modern-day professional sports team which is named after the term used to describe the gold miners?
(Hint: The Harbaugh Bowl.)
||The California Gold Rush of 1849
American Football . The San Francisco Forty Niners are a pro team that plays American-style NFL football. They took their team name from the phrase used to label the gold prospectors who rushed to California in 1849.
The San Francisco 49ers advanced all the way to Super Bowl XLVII (played in February 2013), but they lost to the Baltimore Ravens by the score of 34-31. This game was informally called the "Harbaugh Bowl" because the two head coaches were brothers (Jim and John Harbaugh, respectively).
|What 1959 movie (starring Gary Cooper, Karl Malden and George C. Scott), is set primarily in a gold-mining camp just after gold was discovered in California?
(Hint: Marty Robbins sang the theme song with the same title as the movie.)
||The California Gold Rush of 1849
The Hanging Tree . Marty Robbins' hit song "The Hanging Tree" is featured during the opening credits of this 1959 movie and is included in his album "Gunfighter Ballads and Trail Songs." If you would like to hear this song, search for: Marty Robbins Hanging Tree and choose YouTube in the results. Although the gold-mining camp in this movie is actually set in Montana in 1873, it is typical of the camps in California during the gold rush.
In the 1960 Academy Awards "The Hanging Tree" was nominated for Best Music, Original Song, but the Oscar was won by the song "High Hopes" in the movie "A Hole in the Head." Gary Cooper, Karl Malden and George C. Scott have been nominated for ten Oscars between them (won four), but none for this movie (although Gary Cooper did win a minor acting award for "The Hanging Tree").
Frank Sinatra adapted and recorded a special version of the tune "High Hopes" as a campaign song for John F. Kennedy's 1960 US presidential campaign ("...Jack is on the right track, 'cause he has high hopes...").
|A fortune in California gold (about 30,000 pounds of it) was lost when what steamship went down in a hurricane off North Carolina in September 1857? Much of the gold was salvaged in 1987-88.
(Hint: Steamship is a keyword.)
||The California Gold Rush of 1849
Central America . A huge shipment of gold bullion, nuggets and uncirculated gold coins (mostly Eagles and Double Eagles) from the California gold rush (30,000 pounds of it) sank to the ocean floor in September 1857 when the side-wheel steamship SS Central America was battered by a fierce hurricane off the coast of the Carolinas. The complete pictorial chronicle of the recovery of the Central America and its gold treasures in 1987-88 is described in the book "America's Lost Treasure." This story is also told in a History Channel TV show entitled "Ship of Gold." If you would like to see pictures of the gold recovered, search on the internet for: Central America Eagles gold and choose Images in the results.
This loss was a big factor in causing the Financial Panic of 1857. The three wrong answers were ships that were famous for some other event, but not this one. Also, all the wrong answers were sailing vessels. Gold was recovered when the sunken Spanish galleon Atocha was salvaged by Mel Fisher in 1985, but that gold was from South America (it sank in 1622). The Golden Hind (sometimes called the Golden Hinde) was an English sailing ship captained by Sir Francis Drake, which was perhaps best known for its circumnavigation of the globe between 1577 and 1580. HMS Beagle was a sailing ship in the British Royal Navy, which is perhaps best known for carrying the young naturalist Charles Darwin on his voyage of discovery (including his famous observations on the Galapagos Islands).