Interesting Questions, Facts and Information
- There are a total of 50 general entries. We are selecting 30 for display.
Interesting Questions, Facts, and Information
no . He had several children, but none of them were with the Queen, so they could not inherit the throne.
his brother James. His brother, James, became the next King at his death. Henrietta Maria of France was his mother. Oliver Cromwell had died and Richard Cromwell was removed from power prior to Charles II's restoration to the throne.
|What event did not happen during the lifetime of King Charles II?||King Charles II
the sinking of the 'Mary Rose'. The 'Mary Rose' sank in 1545 in the Solent while King Henry VIII watched. It was brought up in 1982 with all of Britain watching on tv. The Great Fire happened in 1666, finally stopping the Plague of 1665. On June 22, 1675, the Greenwich Royal Observatory was founded.
1661. He was crowned King of England, Scotland, and Ireland on April 23, 1661. He was Restored in May 1660.
|Charles II converted to a new religion on his deathbed. What new faith did he embrace?||King Charles II
Catholic . Charles lived his life as a Protestant but converted only on his deathbed as he knew his people would not accept a Catholic monarch.
|Charles II was a keen sportsman and often raced horses at what famous course?||King Charles II
Newmarket. Charles II not only visited Newmarket races he also rode in them himself. The Rowley Mile (which remains to this day) was named after the most famous stallion of the day.
|Charles II was responsible for the foundation of the Royal Observatory in 1675. Where was this built?||King Charles II
Greenwich. Designed by Wren and built at Greenwich the Royal Observatory was one of many of the places devoted to science founded and patronised by Charles II.
|One woman not mentioned as yet was Charles II's wife. What was her name?||King Charles II
Catherine. Catherine of Braganza was the unfortunate queen of Charles II, even more unfortunate she loved him despite his philandering ways.
|Which of his mistresses did Charles refer to affectionately as 'Fubbs'?||King Charles II
Louise de Keroualle. Louise was the one who was nicknamed Fubbs which stems from the old English word meaning chubby. Personally I would have thought she would have been rather insulted but there are no records to say that she minded this term.
|Which mistress was the orange-seller and the mother of the Duke of St Albans?||King Charles II
Nell Gwynn. Arguably the most famous of Charles II's mistresses, Nell Gwynn rose from orange-seller to actress and from there to favourite mistress of the king. Her life was a classic 'rags to riches' story!
|What was the original name of the ship which carried Charles II back to England at his restoration? It was renamed The Royal Charles but what had it been called before?||King Charles II
Naseby. The original name for the ship had been the Naseby. Funnily enough this had not really been seen to be suitable for the return of King Charles II, having been named for one of the battles which the Royalists had lost.
Six weeks. From 3 September until 15 October Charles II was a fugitive in England and travelled in disguise and at great risk to both himself and all who helped him. His escape passed into legend and after his restoration he was often found to be retelling the tale of his adventure. Among other things, he heard his death announced in Devon and crowds cheering the announcement.
|What famous battle did Charles II flee from in 1651 in his attempts to regain the Crown?||King Charles II
Worcester. It was the battle of Worcester and the beginning of Charles II's famous escape from England.
1645. Although it was several years before Charles I was executed the war tore apart the family and Charles II was separated from his father by that was in March 1645, he was not not yet 15 years old.
|Through his four grandparents Charles II was part Scottish, French, Italian and what other nationality?||King Charles II
Danish. From Anne of Denmark he inherited his Danish heritage and we assume his great height. Both of his parents were small in stature and it appears to be a throwback to his Danish blood that he towered over them in height. From James I - Scottish blood. From Henri IV - French blood. From Marie de Medici - Italian blood.
Henrietta Maria. Daughter of Henri IV, King of France, Henrietta Maria was married to Charles I and the mother of his many children.
Charles I. In case there is anyone who does not know Charles I was the only English Monarch to be executed by his own people. The Crown his son inherited was a lost one.
Sam Neill . One of the few actors able to wear an enormous wig without looking ridiculous...
|Charles was quite a lovable man because of his humanity. He had many mistresses. Which one was the most notorious?||A Charming King: Charles II
|After the dissolution of the Cavalier Parliament in 1679, a new Parliament met in the spring of the same year. What was their first request to the King?||A Charming King: Charles II
The exclusion of the Duke of York (Charles' brother) from succession to the throne. Before its dissolution, the Cavalier Parliament had obtained the exclusion of Roman Catholics from any of its Houses.
|In 1665, the House of Commons forced Charles to declare war on the Dutch. Distracted and impoverished by the Great Plague and the Great Fire of London, England settled for peace in 1667, but in 1670, in the secret Treaty of Dover, Charles decided to wage war against the Dutch and to ally with another country. Which country was it?||A Charming King: Charles II
France. In a clause of this Treaty, Charles also promised to declare he was a Roman Catholic, no wonder this Treaty was concealed from Charles' Protestant Ministers of State!
|Charles was crowned King of England on 23, April 1661. A year later, he married Catherine of Braganza. Catherine was the daughter of which King?||A Charming King: Charles II
Portugal. Unfortunately, the couple had no children.
|Soon after the death of Oliver Cromwell, Charles was welcomed back to England and he seized the opportunity to express his point of view by a Declaration in which he promised 'liberty of conscience' to all Christians and demanded punishment for his father's murderers. What was the name given to this Declaration?||A Charming King: Charles II
Breda. It was signed on 4, April 1660.
|In 1650, Charles arrived in Scotland where he was crowned King of the Scots. There, he took the command of the Scottish Army. In 1651, he was defeated by Cromwell at an important battle. Which one was it?||A Charming King: Charles II
The Battle of Worcester. Dettingen (1743) was fought against the French, it is the last battle in which an English King fought alongside his troops. Dunbar (1650) was another of Cromwell's victories and Hereford (1645) was one of the numerous battles fought during the Civil War.
Holland. After the Parlementarians had conquered most of the country, Charles left for France to join his mother in Paris, but in 1648, he returned to his base in Holland.
|In March 1645, Charles was sent by his father to be nominal commander-in-chief in Western England. In which town were his established headquarters?||A Charming King: Charles II
Bristol. The boy was precocious. When he was 12, he assisted at the first important battle of the Civil War at Edgehill, then, he accompanied his father on his victorious campaign in Cornwall.
France. She was the sister of King Louis XIII of France. The couple married in 1625.
I packed her off with a very generous £1000 a year.. I met Moll, a popular singer, dancer, and actress, in 1667. However, regardless of Nell's trick on her, I soon tired of her vulgarity. Samuel Pepys' wife called her "the most impertinent slut in the world". And indeed, she kept parading the coach and the £600 ring I gave her. Since money appealed so much to her, I simply bought her off.
Nell made Moll take a laxative potion before she went to bed with me.. Nell, knowing that Moll had been sent for to spend the night with me, coaxed her into eating some delicacies steeped in laxative. I was not amused.
Nell Gwyn. Welshwoman Lucy Walter never made it back to Britain. As for the scheming Duchesses Louise of Portsmouth and Barbara Villiers of Castlemaine, they were consistently unpopular. A famous anecdote has it that my mistress's carriage was once stopped, and people started throwing stones at it. Nell stuck her head out and shouted "I am the Protestant whore", thus getting through without much difficulty.
She was selling oranges at the King's theatre.. "Pretty, witty Nell", as Pepys called her, was indeed selling oranges in my theatre when I first came across her. She was very entertaining and I never grew tired of her as I did the Duchesses of Castlemaine and Portsmouth. On my deathbed, I asked my brother not to let Nelly starve.