Interesting Questions, Facts, and Information
|Which person did the baronial rebels elect as an "anti-king" to John when he wouldn't implement the conditions of the treaty?||King John
Louis - the French King's son. John's reign ended with the country split down the middle and a French invasion with Louis as the figurehead well under way. In the event John was succeeded by his son Henry III whose early life was superintended by the loyal William the Marshal.
|Which city did the baronial rebels capture that made John come to terms at Runnymede?||King John
London. It soon became clear that John regarded the Magna Carta as no more than a means of buying time. Attempts to implement the treaty led to further outbreaks of rebellion.
|What was the name of the Pope who excommunicated John in the year 1209?||King John
Innocent III. In the previous year 1208 an interdict had been laid upon both England and Wales. John thus had the opportunity to confiscate church property. He only agreed to make peace with the papacy in 1213 because he recognised the possibility of rebellion at home.
|What was the name of John's nephew whom he is reputed to have murdered in a particularly grisly fashion?||King John
Arthur. Arthur was the son of John's brother Geoffrey. Because Geoffrey had been an older brother than John it appeared that his claim to the throne was stronger. However, details of his actual murder when he fell into John's hands remain speculative. John's bad reputation at the time was enough to turn people against him.
|What new nickname did John acquire after a series of defeats in Normandy and Anjou in the years leading up to 1205?||King John
soft-sword. Once again Philip of France had taken his opportunity to attack the English monarchy. In April 1202 he proclaimed all John's continental lands to be forfeit. In December 1203 John crossed to England leaving the men in charge of his castles to make their own terms with the enemy.
|What happened to Isabella of Gloucester,John's first wife, in the year 1200?||King John
Her marriage to John was annulled and he married someone else.. The Gloucester inheritance had been one of the things that Richard had arranged for his brother when he set off on crusade. When he became king John disposed of his wife and married instead Isabella of Angouleme who had already been promised in marriage to someone else. It also started a new French war. The original Isabella remarried twice more.
|How did Richard treat his brother when he arrived safely back in England?||King John
He forgave him immediately and said he had been a mere child misled by others.. Richard treated his brother as a mere child but by the year 1194 John was already twenty-seven years old. For the remaining five years of Richard's life John appears to have behaved himself enough for Richard to nominate him as his heir.
|With which foreign ruler did John begin to conspire whilst Richard was away on crusade?||King John
Philip of France. Philip of France had long been an enemy of Henry II and his sons. He had also been a comrade to Richard on part of the crusade.John and Philip tried to get the German emperor to sell the imprisoned Richard to them for about £100,000.
|What was the name of the man that Richard I left in charge of England whilst he was on Crusade and who was then plotted against by John?||King John
William Longchamp. Richard had given John vast estates of his own to rule on both sides of the Channel. These included the Norman county of Mortain, the honour of Lancaster and the revenues of six English counties. In spite of this John set out to undermine Longchamp's authority. Walter of Coutances was sent home by Richard to sort things out.
|In what way did John help to make his father's life end in defeat and humiliation?||King John
His name was found on a list of the rebels who had fought with the French against Henry.. All of Henry II's sons had at various times rebelled against him. Young Henry, Richard and Geoffrey were no more innocent than John. However, John was his father's favourite upon whom he placed an absolute trust. The French King often used the rivalry amongst Henry's sons as a weapon in their continuous wars.
|Which country did Henry II send John to rule over in 1185?||King John
Ireland. This appointment of Henry's youngest and favourite son to Ireland led to a total fiasco within six months. He was completely out of his depth and the frivolous young men who went with him upset all the other barons who had been keeping the Irish in check.
|What was John's nickname when he was growing up during his father's reign?||King John
Lackland. Of the four brothers John was scheduled to inherit no particular land or title. Young Henry would get England, Richard would get Aquitaine, Geoffrey would get Brittany and John would only receive money.This made it inevitable that he would join in with rebellions against his brothers or his father in the hope of gaining some advancement.
|If we exclude the first-born child of Henry II, William of Poitiers, who died in infancy, how many brothers did John have when he was born?||King John
Three. John's eldest brother was Henry who became the Young King who died in 1183. His second brother was Richard I who died in 1199. His third brother was Geoffrey who died in 1185. John himself died in 1216. The only child of his brothers' marriages to outlive him was his niece Eleanor (Geoffrey's daughter)who died in 1241.
|On which special day of the year 1167 was John born?||King John
Christmas Eve. It is somewhat ironic that the King who was constantly at odds with the Church during his reign should be born so close to one of its holy festivals. He was the last child of Henry II and Eleanor and, for most of his father's life, was the favourite son.
Eleanor of Aquitaine. Berengaria of Navarre was John's sister-in-law and Constance of Britanny was another sister-in-law. Matilda was the name of John's paternal grandmother. Eleanor was the wife of two kings and the mother of three if we count Henry the young king crowned in his father's lifetime.
|King John is probably most famous as the evil King in Robin Hood. Which great actor voiced King John in the Disney version of Robin Hood?||King John of England
Sir Peter Ustinov. King John was portrayed as a thumb sucking lion. My favourite quote from this movie is "Mommy always did like Richard best".
Ireland. John was very unpopular as ruler of Ireland. He was forced to leave and return to England after only 8 months.
Orleans. Maine and Normandy were annexed by France, in 1203 and 1204 respectively, and permanently lost to England. Aquitaine was taken by the French in 1453 during the Hundred Years' War.
Arthur of Brittany. Arthur was chosen as Richard's heir in 1190 in order to betroth him to the King of Sicily's daughter. Richard named John as successor in 1194 when he returned from capture in Austria.
Isabelle of Angouleme. John was also married to Isabel of Gloucester but had the marriage annulled on grounds of consanguinity around the time of his coronation in 1199. She was never acknowledged as Queen.
Henry III. Henry III ruled England for fifty-six years. The longest reign of an English monarch until George III in 1760-1820.
Runnymede. The Magna Carta was signed in 1215 at Runnymede. John received approval from the Pope to break his word as he claimed that he had signed the document under duress.
William. William, born in 1153, was the first son of Henry II. He lived for only three years, dying in 1156. During his short life he held the title of Count of Poitiers.
1199. John was crowned on May 27th, 1199. He became King after his brother, Richard I died from gangrene caused by an arrow to the shoulder.