Interesting Questions, Facts, and Information
Bosworth. Richard met his end in Bosworth Field in 1485 at the hands of Henry Tudor's army.His body was subsequently desecrated and his bones thrown into a river.
Henry Tudor. Prior to his accesion Henry Tudor had a very low profile in England due to his long exile in Brittany hence his relative obscurity.
A hump back. Richard allegedly had a rounded back and was sometimes called 'Richard Crouchback'.
Edward of Middleham. Richard's son was called after his birthplace Middleham Castle in Yorkshire.
Lord Hastings. Richard had Hastings,one of his chief allies,executed because of his strong loyalty to the sons of Edward V which Richard saw as a threat.
Drowning. Historians think George was drowned in a butt of malmsey wine in the Tower of London-this was apparently the form of execution that he requested.
Fotheringay. Richard was born at Fotheringay in 1452 -this is the same castle that Mary,Queen of Scots was executed at.
Nephews. The princes were the sons of Richard's brother Edward IV.
Anne Neville. Richard married Anne mainly to outdo his brother George who was married to Anne's sister Isabella-both women were heiresses to the wealthy Earl of Warwick and George wanted all of the money for himself.
'A horse ! A horse ! My Kingdom for horse !'. 'Slave, I have set my life upon a cast and I will stand the hazard of the die. I think there be six Richmonds in the field: Five have I slain today instead of him. Not the cries of a villian pleading escape but the words of a soldier seeking a mount to carry on the fight.', (Shakespeare)
A White Boar. Richard III was the last of the Plantagenet dynasty. This was before the Tudor reign.
Edward and Richard. 'The tyrannous and bloody act is done, the most arch deed of piteous massacre that ever yet this land was guilty of.' (Shakespeare)
George the Duke of Clarence. He supposedly drowned in a vat of his favorite wine in the Tower of London in 1478.
Edmund the Earl of Rutland. The young Edmund the Duke of Rutland was slaugthered by Lord Clifford. He stabbed him to death despite his begging for mercy.
Wakefield. The Duke galloped out of Sandal Castle and charged into a vastly superior Lancastrian force. His head was displayed on the main gate of York wearing a paper coronet.
Gloucester. He became the Duke of Gloucester Nov 1. 1461, All Saints Day. The previous Dukes of Gloucester had bad luck: one had been murdered and the other had died under suspicious circumstances.
Fotheringay Castle. His was said to have been a very difficult, maybe even a breech birth. It is possible Richard was damaged by the mid-wife during the delivery. 'I that am rudely stamped, and want of love's majesty. And that so lamely and unfashionable that dogs bark at me as I halt.', (Shakespeare )
Richard the Duke of York. Richard was the fourth and youngest son and the last surviving child of Richard Duke of York and Cecily Nevill. Five others died in infancy.
Butchered horribly by Welsh pikemen. He was wearing plate armour and when he fell in the mud Welsh Pikemen stabbed and ripped at his flesh through the joins in his armour. It was an agonizing and frightful death.
|Who commanded the Tudor vanguard at the battle of Bosworth in 1485 which saw the end of Richard and his line as kings of England?||Richard III and His Times
Earl of Oxford. Oxford commanded here and it is said that he personally had Norfolk executed on the battlefield. As if he had the time!
He was a deeply religious man. Richard was a devout man. He despised his elder brother's court which he regarded as a sink of filth. For that reason he rarely attended court. Books known to have belonged to Richard show marks of much repeated reading and in particular his personal bible was extremely well thumbed.
Elizabeth, Countess of Oxford. Richard arrested Elizabeth at a nunnery where he bullied the old lady into giving him what he wanted, above all her lands.
|The Earl of Warwick and the Duke of Clarence staged a coup d'etat in 1469 and rebelled again in 1470. Against whom did they rebel?||Richard III and His Times
Edward IV. Warwick was furious at being humiliated over Edward's marriage plans and the destruction of his foreign policy caused by Edward's future plans. Warwick planned an English alliance with France through marriage of the two royal houses and was in France making the arrangements when news came that Edward had gone his own way and chosen someone else. Warwick was left with a good deal of egg on his face and he determined, as he had made Edward King, that he would bring him down, too.
Clarence was Clarence and always wanted more than he could get and so sided with Warwick against his brother King Edward 1V. However, a change of heart brought him back into the family fold at the last and most critical moment. But his scheming finally eroded Edward's patience and later he had his brother executed for treason.
Fotheringhay. Richard was born at Fotheringhay castle in 1452.