Interesting Questions, Facts and Information
- There are a total of 25 general entries.
Interesting Questions, Facts, and Information
Hayes, Rutherford B.
He was the brother of Hayes' wife, Lucy. One of the few times Hayes used the power of his position to help advance a relative, he secured Dr. Webb's appointment as regimental surgeon at the urging of Lucy (and Dr. Webb!). RBH's streak of nepotism did not, however, extend to the White House, as he refused to submit Webb as his choice for Surgeon General. This led to a falling out between the two men that was never resolved before Webb's death in 1880.
William McKinley. McKinley was a favorite of Hayes' wife, Lucy. Both Harrison and Garfield rose to the rank of general during the Civil War. Cleveland never fought in the Civil War, preferring to pay someone else to take his place, a perfectly legal option under Abraham Lincoln's conscription decree.
Brevet Major General. Although never actively seeking promotion, despite his friends urging that he use his political connections, Hayes was extremely proud when he was recognized on merit. He never desired to be a general at the expense of his men or his ideals. In his own words, Hayes would rather "be one of the good colonels" than "one of the poor generals."
General George Crook. Crook was Hayes' divisional commander for ten months (Feb - Dec, 1864), and Hayes considered Crook to be the best general he ever served under and knew. Their friendship lasted beyond the War. Hayes, in fact, served as a pallbearer at Crook's funeral in 1890. After the War, Crook made a name for himself serving on the Western frontier, humanely dealing with the Native Americans. Hayes' son, George Crook Hayes, was never a healthy baby and died before his 2nd birthday in 1866.
John Hunt Morgan. Hayes helped lead a detachment to oppose Morgan when he invaded southern Ohio in 1863.
Major. Hayes was comissioned as a major in the 13th Ohio Volunteer regiment, and spent most of the summer of 1861 learning the basics of command and military strategy.
|How long after Hayes' death was he laid to rest at his Spiegel Grove estate?||Rutherford B. Hayes
22 years. Hayes died at home at Spiegel Grove in 1893 and Hayes was laid to rest at Oakwood Cemetary next to his wife Lucy, who had died in 1889. In 1915, they were exhumed and reburied at Spiegel Grove.
William Wheeler. Wheeler was from Malone, New York and served two seperate terms in the US House before becoming Hayes' vice-president. Wheeler died in 1887.
|In 1880, Hayes presented a policy that any canal built in Central America had to be under US control. What country was trying to build a Central American canal at that time?||Rutherford B. Hayes
France. France owned the rights to land in what is now Panama and work eventually began in 1882. The French investors eventually gave up the idea when their funds dried up. The American building of the canal in the early 20th century followed the same general route as the French effort.
|During her time in the White House, first lady Lucy Hayes was known as Lemonade Lucy for her refusal to serve alcoholic beverages. She made only one exception when a representative of what country paid a visit?||Rutherford B. Hayes
Russia. Wine was served at the White House in 1877 when Grand Duke Alexis Alexandrovitch of Russia visited the White House.
|What former Confederate general did Hayes originally attempt to appoint to his cabinet, as an effort to fulfill a promise to Democrats for their acceptance of the decision of the 1876 presidential election?||Rutherford B. Hayes
Joseph E. Johnston. Johnston's name was withdrawn when Hayes was told that Johnston's nomination would never clear the Senate. Hayes then nominated David Key of Tennessee as postmaster general, to fulfill the promise.
|A special commission was set up to settle the issue of the disputed electoral votes in the 1876 electors. The commission was to be made up of fifteen members. Seven were to be Republican, seven Democrats and one independent. Who was the crucial independent originally chosen for the commission?||Rutherford B. Hayes
David Davis. David, a friend and teacher in Illinois of Abraham Lincoln, was an independent member of the US Supreme Court, having been appointed to the court by Lincoln. The commission was comprised of five US Senators (three Republican, two Democrats), five US Congressmen (three Democrats, two Republicans) and five US Supreme Court justices (2 Democrat, 2 Republicans and the independent Davis). However, for some reason, Democrats in the Illinois legislature elected Davis to the US Senate and he resigned from the commission. Since there were no more Democrats on the Supreme Court, a nominal Republican named Joseph Bradley was named to the commission instead. Along a straight party line vote of 8-7, all the contested electorial votes were awarded to Hayes, giving him an 185-184 electorial college victory over Tilden.
|The presidential election of 1876 was thrown into chaos when the electoral votes of three southern states and one single electoral vote of a northern state were challenged. What northern state had their electoral vote challenged?||Rutherford B. Hayes
Oregon. The single electoral vote from Oregon was challenged because the Republican elector was a postmaster and was ineligible to serve as an elector. Democrats in Oregon attempted to replace the elector with a Democrat. The issue was eventually sent to Washington to be settled.
|What office did Samuel Tilden, Hayes' opponent in the presidential election of 1876, hold when he won the Democratic nomination?||Rutherford B. Hayes
Governor of New York. Tilden served as governor of New York from 1874 to 1876.
|Who was Hayes' main opposition for the Republican nomination for president in 1876?||Rutherford B. Hayes
James Blaine. After Grant declined to run for a third term, Blaine, a congressman from Maine and former Speaker of the House, missed winning the nomination on the first ballot by 27 ballots. Blaine would lead every ballot till the seventh, when the stop Blaine movement rallied behind Hayes, gaining him the nomination with only six votes to spare.
|Hayes' son James Webb was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for meritorius service in what country?||Rutherford B. Hayes
Philippines. Hayes was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for service in the Philippines during the Spanish-American War. Hayes slipped through enemy lines to get help for his unit.
|What regiment of the Ohio Volunteer Infantry did Hayes serve with during the Civil War?||Rutherford B. Hayes
23rd. Hayes served in the 23rd Ohio from June 1861 to June 1865. He rose to the rank of breveted major general by the end of the war.
Harvard. Hayes graduated from Harvard Law School in 1845. Among his teachers at Harvard were Supreme Court Justice Joseph Story and legal scholar Simon Greenleaf.
Vermont. Hayes' father Rutherford was born in 1787 in Brattleboro, Vermont and his mother Sophia was born in 1792 in Wilmington, Vermont.