Interesting Questions, Facts and Information
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Interesting Questions, Facts, and Information
U.S. Coast Guard
Douglas Albert Munro. Douglas Munro was a Signalman, First Class, during WW2. He was killed while attempting the evacuation of a battalion of marines trapped by enemy forces at Point Cruz Guadalcanal, on 27 September 1942. The other gallant men were also awarded the Medal of Honor but were in the U. S. Navy during WW2.
|The Coast Guard Academy operates a square rigged sailing ship named what?||U. S. Coast Guard
CGC Eagle. CGC Eagle is a former German training ship taken by the US after WW2 as part of payment for war debts. CGC Healy is an icebreaker in Seattle, the newest of the fleet. CGC Harriet Lane and CGC Hamilton are the names of many Coast Guard ships over the years.
|The Coast Guard was initially tasked to conduct The International Ice Patrol in the Atlantic Ocean in what year?||U. S. Coast Guard
1914. The sinking of the Titanic in 1912 led to the establishment of an International Ice Patrol along the North Atlantic ship lanes. Since 1914, the patrol has been maintained through a sharing of its expenses by the principal shipping nations of the world. The Coast Guard does the actual patrolling with ships and airplanes.
1915. In 1871, the government formed the U.S. Life-Saving Service, which was operated by the Revenue Cutter Service. In 1878, the Life-Saving Service became an independent bureau of the Department of the Treasury. The Revenue Cutter and Life-Saving services were finally combined as the United States Coast Guard in 1915.
|Originally, the US Coast Guard was established in 1790 under what name?||U. S. Coast Guard
Revenue Cutter Service. The service was created in 1790 at the recommendation of Alexander Hamilton, the first secretary of the Treasury. Congress established a fleet of 10 sailing vessels to stamp out smuggling and piracy along the coasts of the United States. American Patrol is a WW2 Glenn Miller tune, other nations have a Coastal Defence Force, and the Navy is always the Navy.
|In 2002, the US Coast Guard became part of what newly-established Government department?||U. S. Coast Guard
Department of Homeland Security. The Coast Guard was established in 1790 as part of the Treasury Department. In 1967, they were transferred to the Department of Transportation. When the Homeland Security Department was established in 2002, the Coast Guard was an integral part of the original organization.
Cape May, New Jersey. Both male and female Coast Guard recruits spend 8 weeks at Cape May. The U.S. Navy trains at Great Lakes. The U.S. Marine Corps trains at San Diego, Camp Pendelton, and Parris Island. At ease!
New London, Connecticut. The cadet training program started in 1876 in New Bedford Massachusetts on the cutter Dobbin. It later moved to Arundel Cove, Maryland, and, in 1912, moved ashore in New London. Buzzard's Bay is the home of the Massachusetts Maritime Academy, King's Point is the location of the U. S. Merchant Marine Academy, and the Naval Academy is at Annapolis.
The rescue basket.. The Rotary Wing Development Unit, located at the Elizabeth City Air Station, was to develop helicopter use by the Coast Guard. It was here, in 1948, that helicopter flotation gear and the Coast Guard rescue basket were developed. The basket has proven to be easier and more instinctive for the rescue of untrained civilians.
Mobile, Alabama.. The original HH-52A simulator was installed at the Coast Guard Aviation Training Center in Mobile. In addition, another simulator has been installed for the HH-65 Dolphin which features a full-motion platform with audio and visual cues. CG aviators are able to simulate emergency and instrument procedures that are impractical (and dangerous) in a real helicopter.
1944. The first mercy mission was flown on January 3, 1944, when two cases of blood plasma were taken from The Battery, New York City, to a hospital at Sandy Hook, New Jersey. The hospital was treating survivors of an explosion on the USS Turner; the flight was made through a blinding snowstorm.
|In 1962, an USCG crew in a UF-2G Grumman Albatross set the world record for an amphibian non-stop distance flight. How far did they fly non-stop?||United States Coast Guard Aviation
3107 nautical miles; 5754 km. On October 25, 1962, the UF-2G 7255 took off from Kodiak, Alaska, and flew to Pensacola, Florida. To set the amphibian record, the airplane took off from the runway in Kodiak and landed on the water at Pensacola.
CGAS San Diego, California. CGAS San Diego opened in 1934 and is still in operation today as part of the commercial airport, Lindberg Field. CGAS Salem opened in 1935 as an all-water operation. It was active until 1970 when it closed and operations moved to Cape Cod. CGAS Biloxi opened in 1935 but closed in 1966.
|In 1925, Congress appropriated $150,000 for 5 airplanes at Ten Pound Island, Gloucester, Massachusetts. What event caused this Congressional action? ||United States Coast Guard Aviation
Extensive rumrunning operations during Prohibition.. The rumrunning became so flagrant that the surface units could not cope with the bootleggers. The Coast Guard had borrowed a Navy UO-1 and flown daily patrols to show its effectiveness. The success of the patrols convinced Congress to give the Coast Guard its own airplanes.
Morehead City, North Carolina. Six Curtiss HS-2L flying boats were borrowed from the Navy and began operation on March 24, 1920. However, there were no operating funds appropriated, and after fifteen months, the station closed. The airplanes were returned to the Navy.
Curtiss NC-4 seaplane.. LT Stone was the only non-Navy man in the six man crew. Several books have been written about the flight which started with NC-1, NC-3 ,and NC-4 aircraft. Only the NC-4 made it to Lisbon.
Dobbin. The Revenue Marine School of Instruction was started on the Dobbin in 1876, which operated off New Bedford, Massachusetts. The Acedemy's present location in New London, Connecticut was established in 1932.
Eagle. She was taken as a war prize from the Germans after World War II and comissioned into the Coast Guard on May 15, 1946. She has been training future Coast Guard officers ever since. Horst Wessel was the writer of the Nazi Party notorious marching song named after him.
|What buoy tender ran aground and sank in the Great Lakes on December 4, 1989?||Coast Guard Cutters
Mesquite. The Mesquite was comissioned in August, 1943. From what I heard from a Coast Guard officer, the Officer of the Deck (OOD) during the accident was a newly minted ensign from the Coast Guard Academy. It was late fall, and the Mesquite had just picked up the buoy that was marking the reef for the winter. The OOD charted a course across the reef and promptly ran aground.
|What ship was responsible for United States's first capture of an enemy vessel during World War II?||Coast Guard Cutters
Northland. On September 12, 1941, the Northland captured the Norwegian trawler Boskoe. She was originally built for Artic operations and replaced the Bear in the Bering Sea.
Icebreaking. The two 399' polar icebreakers, Polar Sea and Polar Star, the 420' polar icebreaker Healy, and the 290' Great Lakes icebreaker Mackinaw have red hulls. Law enforcement and maritime defense may be the missions of all cutters, red hulls are built specifically for icebreaking.
|What was the last ship to be decommisioned that fought at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941?||Coast Guard Cutters
Taney. The Taney was ready to return fire within four minutes on December 7, 1941. She was decomissioned on December 7, 1986 after fifty years of active service in the Coast Guard. She is now a part of the Baltimore Maritime Museum.
|In 1897, crewman from what cutter drove a herd of reindeer across the Artic ice to feed trapped whalers. What was the name of the ship?||Coast Guard Cutters
Bear. In 1897, President McKinley sent to Bear to the Bering Sea to rescue sailors on eight whaling ships trapped in the ice. Lieutenants Jarvis and Bertholf and Surgeon Call drove a herd of reindeer to the stranded ships. This event competed for national media attention with the Spanish-American War. The Bear and her captain, Mike Healy, were, in parts of Alaska, the only representatives of the U.S. government at the time.
Harriet Lane. Fort Sumter was besieged by the Confederates. The steamer Nashville approached. To prevent her capture, the Harriet Lane fired across the Nashville's bow. Both ships later went on to have distinguished careers. The Nashville became an infamous Confederate blockade runner. The Harriet Lane was captured by the Confederates at Galveston in 1863.
|What was the result of the Revenue Cutter Eagle's encounter with HMS Dispatch in 1814?||Coast Guard Cutters
Eagle was forced to surrender. Eagle was stationed in Long Island Sound to protect it from the British during the War of 1812. Eagle encountered the British brig Dispatch and moved to protect the merchantman Suzan from capture. Realizing he was outmatched, Captain Frederick Lee beached Eagle and had her guns moved atop a steep bluff. The Americans began to fire on the British, and they were forced to retreat. The next day, Eagle limped back to port and was captured.
|What schooner was commanded by the United States' first sea-going comissioned officer?||Coast Guard Cutters
Scammel. Captain Hopley Yeaton, commissioned on 21 March 1791, is the first comissioned officer in the United States Revenue Cutter Service, the predecessor of the Coast Guard. Then Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton created the Revenue Cutter Service to help collect tariffs and restrict smuggling.
All of the these (Fourth Class cadets get "carry on" for the day, Second Class cadets square corners and spew indoc, First Class cadets celebrate 100 days until graduation). More a celebration for upperclassman, the Fourth Class get mocked, and the Second Class get to vent off the steam they have incurred during their hard work training the Swabs. In years past, Fourth Class could "earn" the shoulder boards of the Second Classman they most admired.
Thames. The Naval Academy is on the Severn, and Military Academy is on the Hudson River. The Merrimac River is in New England.
|Rifle drill is an important military tradition, even for the Coast Guard. What weapon do cadets drill with?||U.S. Coast Guard Academy
M1 Garand. Drill rifles are filled with lead and have their firing pins removed. Rules require the straps to be loosened when not in use, otherwise an upperclassman will disassemble the rifle. "Inspection arms' requires the user to stick their thumb inside the rifle to close the bolt. If you don't pull your thumb out quick enough, it gets bruised resulting in a condition affectionately called "M1 thumb".
|What is the PRIMARY function of the Navy base just up stream and across the river from the Coast Guard Academy?||U.S. Coast Guard Academy
Submarines. It is the home of the Navy's first submarine base. Although named Naval Submarine Base New London, it is physically located in Groton, Connecticut. It houses most of the Navy's submarine training programs, and many attack submarines are stationed there. It is also home to the now retired USS Nautilus which was the world's first nuclear submarine. Academy personel use the facilities at the sub base, including its hospital.
|You pass a group of people wearing Coast Guard uniforms, but have silver stripes on their shoulder boards. What organization are they with?||U.S. Coast Guard Academy
Coast Guard Auxillary. Members of the Coast Guard Auxillary are civilians that aid the regular Coast Guard with non-law enforcement duties such as maritime safety and search and rescue. Originally they were called the Coast Guard Reserves, but the name was changed to reflect the organization of the other military branches. Auxillary members are civilians and do not have to be saluted.