Special Sub-Topic: Discoverers of New Lands
|There are many people who suggest that Columbus may not have been the first person from the Old World to have set foot on American soil. Which of these is NOT regarded as possibly having discovered America?|
Magellan. Magellan was only 12 when Columbus officially discovered America. However there is considerable historical evidence that one of the other two explorers may well have beaten him to this.
The notion that Arab sailors reached America in the Middle Ages, though occasionally mentioned, is generally dismissed as fringe theory.
|Several European explorers visited Australia prior to it being claimed for the British. Who was NOT one of the early European explorers to have visited Australia? |
Alastair Cook. Dutchman Willem Jansz was the first European to visit Australia (26 February 1606). However, he did not believe that Australia was a new continent, independent of New Guinea.
Ten years later, on 25 October 1616 another Dutchman, Dirk Hartog, reached what is now West Australia.
In 1688 William Dampier was the first Englishman to set foot on Australian shores.
James Cook claimed Australia (then known as New South Wales) for Britain in 1770.
Alastair Cook is an English cricketer who was not born until 1984.
|Which famous explorer did Marco Polo inspire?|
Christopher Columbus. Marco Polo's book inspired Christopher Columbus to become an explorer himself.
Leif Erikson was a famous Viking, who was born before Marco Polo.
Ferdinand Magel is not the name of a famous explorer.
Kublai Khan was the founder of the Mongol Dynasty in China. He is not regarded as a great explorer but met Marco Polo in Cathay (China).
|Which European explorer first discovered New Zealand in 1642?|
Abel Tasman. New Zealand was first discovered by Polynesians around 700-800 years ago.
James Cook did not arrive in New Zealand until 1769-1770.
New Zealand's name comes from the Dutch words Nieuw Zeeland, named so after the Dutch province of Zeeland.
Pakeha is a native New Zealand (Maori) word for a New Zealander of European descent.
|Where was Captain James Cook killed?|
Hawaii. Following a confrontation with Hawaiian natives, Captain James Cook was killed on 14 February 1779.
|Which of these is considered a famous explorer but was also considered a pirate by his enemies?|
Sir Francis Drake. Sir Francis Drake circumnavigated the world in his ship the Golden Hind and is considered a great British explorer. He was also regarded as a pirate by the Spanish, having plundered their gold and silver.
Marco Polo and Captain Cook were not pirates. There is no one by the name of Sir Egmund Ranerty.
|Which of these explorers was beheaded for attacking the Spanish?|
Sir Walter Raleigh. Sir Walter Raleigh backed the first English colony in America, namely that of North Carolina. It was known as the Roanoke colony which was an attempt by the British to establish a permanent base in America.
|Which Spanish treasure seeker and explorer discovered the Mississippi river in 1541?|
Hernando de Soto. Searching for gold and also a shorter route to China, Hernando de Soto explored vast areas of land in what now is the South-East of the United States, including Florida, Georgia, Tennessee, The Carolinas, Alabama and Mississippi.
|Which explorer claimed to have been the first to reach the North Pole?|
Peary. Robert Peary claimed to have reached what is known as the geographic North Pole, on April 6, 1909. Roald Amundsen was the first to reach the South Pole on December 14, 1911.
|Which of these was NOT a famous British explorer?|
Gaspar Real. Gaspar Real was a Portuguese explorer, famous for his exploration of Greenland and Newfoundland.
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