Special Sub-Topic: European Capitals of Culture
|Which city, ECC (European Capital of Culture) in the year 2000, is home to the oldest university in Europe, and is regarded as the 'food capital' of its respective country? It has also adopted the nickname 'the Red One', referring to the colour of the buildings in its city centre.|
Bologna, Italy. The University of Bologna is the oldest university in Europe that's still in use, and was founded in 1088. Bologna is well known for its cuisine, lending its name to the famous Italian dish, Spaghetti Bolognese. The cities of Gothenburg and San Sebastian are both also famed for their cuisine but do not hold any of Europe's oldest universities.
|Which 2009 ECC, the third largest city in its respective country, was once a provincial and local government city of the Holy Roman Empire? It is also the place where Adolf Hitler spent much of his youth, to the point that he considered it his hometown.|
Linz, Austria. Linz lies on the river Danube and was founded by the Romans, who named it Lentia. Though Adolf Hitler was born in Braunau Am Inn, he spent much of his youth in Linz, and in later years wanted it to become the cultural centre of the Third Reich, planning many architectural and cultural projects there.
|Which city, ECC in 1989, was founded by Celts and later conquered by Romans, originally naming it Lutetia? It was later established by King Clovis I as his capital in 508 AD.|
Paris, France. The Parisii tribe were the original inhabitants of Paris, who settled on the Ile de la Cité, where now stands the Cathedral of Notre Dame. King Clovis I was a Frankish ruler who introduced Christianity to the Frankish tribes that once dominated large areas of northwest Europe.
|Which Mediterranean seaport was ECC in 2004? It is supposedly the birthplace of Christopher Columbus, and has a flag identical to the flag of England, employing a red cross upon a white background.|
Genoa, Italy. Genoa is the capital of the region of Liguria. During the Middle Ages it was, like Venice, a maritime republic and at one point had one of the most powerful navies in Europe. Christopher Columbus is generally thought to have hailed from Genoa, and during his travels he donated large sums of money he earned to the city's banks.
|Which of the following cities has all the following traits: was ECC in 2008; is the fourth largest city in its respective country; has shipping and shipbuilding as its major industries; hosts an international jazz festival every May; was the host port of the Cutty Sark Tall Ships Race in 1997 and 2004; and is an onshore centre for the North Sea oil industry?|
Stavanger, Norway. Stavanger is often referred to as the Petroleum Capital of Norway due to its oil industry. Liverpool (in England) was also 2008 ECC.
|Which city, ECC in the year 2000, is located in the northwest of its respective country, and was founded by the Suebi Jews just after the collapse of the Roman Empire? It has its cathedral as the destination of an important medieval pilgrimage route called the Way of St James.|
Santiago de Compostela, Spain. Santiago de Compostela is the capital of Galicia, an autonomous community of Spain whose inhabitants speak Galician, which is a Latin language similar to Portuguese. Though Iberia is known for its overall dry, sunny weather, Santiago de Compostela has one of the highest rates of rainfall in Europe, due to surrounding mountains and the winds blown in from the Atlantic.
|Which 2006 ECC is a major port located on a large peninsula that is connected to the mainland via the nearby Rio-Antirrio Bridge? It also sits in the foothills of Mount Panachaikon, every year holding one of Europe's largest carnivals.|
Patras, Greece. Patras has for many years served as a vital trading and travel link between Italy and Greece; ferries to and from Brindisi and Bari in Italy sail there frequently. It is located on the Peloponnese peninsula.
|Which 1993 ECC was host of the 1920 Summer Olympics, is well known for its diamond industry and its large Jewish community, and is the largest city on the river Scheldt?|
Antwerp, Belgium. Antwerp supposedly got its name from a myth concerning a giant who cut off the hands of those who would not pay the toll to cross the river Scheldt. This led to the term 'hand werpen', meaning 'thrown hand', which then became Antwerp.
|Which 2007 ECC rests on the river Cibin, is located near the geographical centre of its respective country, and is close to the Fagaras Mountains? It was founded in 1190 by German settlers, and until 1941 had a majority population that was still ethnic German.|
Sibiu, Romania. Sibiu is located in Transylvania, Romania, about 175 miles from the capital, Bucharest. The nearby Fagaras Mountains are popular with hikers. In 2007 Luxembourg was also designated European Capital of Culture.
|Which 2010 ECC is the administrative centre of Baranya county, has been inhabited since ancient times by various groups, including Romans, Slavs, Magyars and Ottoman Turks, and is called Cinque Ecclesiae in Latin and Fünfkirchen in German?|
Pécs, Hungary. As European Capital of Culture in 2010, Pécs's motto is 'The Borderless City'. It has a variety of ancient buildings and relics, some of which have been marked as world heritage sites by UNESCO. Its name is pronounced 'paych'.
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