Special Sub-Topic: Famous Cities: Cambridge
|What is the name of the river that runs through Cambridge?|
The Cam. The River Cam, or the Granta, as it was known in Saxon Times (around the 9th century AD) has had a bridge running over it since at least 875 AD, hence the name. In Saxon times the city was known as 'Grantebrycge.'
The Ouse is York's prominent river and the Isis is the part of the Thames that runs in 'that other city' as people in Cambridge like to call it, known to us as Oxford.
|Cambridge University is made up of 31 colleges. Who founded the first?|
Bishop of Ely. The first college was Peterhouse, founded by the Bishop of Ely in 1284.
In 1209 there were riots in Oxford, forcing many students and teachers to flee for their lives. Some came to Cambridge and seventeen years later they established with a chancellor. In 1318 they were officialy recognised by the Pope as a 'Studium Generale'.
Despite having a University, Cambridge were not granted city status until 1951.
|What is the name of Cambridge's second university?|
The Anglia Ruskin University. The Anglia Ruskin University was first opened as a School of Art in 1858 by John Ruskin. In 1889 the Institute for Technical Education opened. In 1909 the Cambridge and County School of Arts, Crafts and Technology opened. The Cambridgeshire Technical College and School of Art became the Cambridgeshire College of Arts and Technology in 1960. In 1991 it was granted Polytechnic status and became Anglia Polytechnic. A year later it was awarded University status and became Anglia University. In 2005 the name was changed to Anglia Ruskin University to honour the heritage.
|What does the Round Church in Sidney Street commemorate?|
The Church of the Holy Sepulchre. The Round Church was built in about 1130, five years before King Stephen died and over one hundred years before the first Cambridge college was founded.
The Church of the Holy Sepulchre is in Jerusalem, where knights were aiming to get to during the Crusades.
|Which former Cambridge University student discovered the circulation of blood in the 17th Century?|
William Harvey. William Harvey (1578-1657) was an English doctor who discovered the circulation of blood in the body. He studied at Caius College, Cambridge and then at the University of Padua, as it was the centre for western European medicine. Harvey was recognised as the medical leader of his day.
Thomas Hardy was a 19th century author, Florence Nightingale was a 19th Century female nurse. It was not till the 20th Century women could study at Cambridge.
Robert Kock was a German doctor who did not study at Cambridge.
|In which museum in Cambridge can you see a renowned collection of Egyptian, Greek and Roman artifacts, as well as paintings by Titian, Rembrandt, Gainsborough, Hogarth and Turner?|
The Fitzwilliam Museum. The Fitzwilliam Museum was built in 1848 to house the art collections of Viscount Fitzwilliam which he gave to Cambridge University.
The Museum of Classical Archaeology has casts of over 500 Greek and Roman statues such as the Venus Di Milo.
The University Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology displays prehistoric finds from all over the world.
The Sedgwick Museum of Earth Science displays a huge variety of fossils and other geological artifacts.
|Situated in Cambridge, what is the name of the oldest University Playhouse?|
ADC Theatre. The ADC Theatre or Amateur Dramatics Club was founded in 1855 and is the largest dramatic society in Cambridge.
The Cambridge Arts Theatre is a traditional theatre and offers a wide variety of shows from both amateur and professional groups.
The Corpus Playroom stages performances during the university term time.
The Cambridge Corn Exchange is the largest venue in Cambridge.
|Cambridge is located in Cambridgeshire which is part of another region. In which region of England would you find Cambridge?|
East Anglia. East Anglia is a region of England which encompasses Cambridgeshire, Norfolk and Suffolk. Some also classify Bedfordshire, Essex and Hertfordshire as a part of East Anglia. The region is more of a notional boundary rather than an official area in the way a county is defined.
|What is the name of the garden situated in Cambridge which contains over 8,000 different plant species?|
Cambridge University Botanic Garden. Cambridge University Botanic Garden was established as a University teaching resource in 1831 by John Stevens Henslow, who is best remembered for inspiring Charles Darwin. In 1846 it was opened to the public.
The Garden contains a variety of plants in different sub gardens, such as the Rock Garden, the Winter Garden and the Dry Garden.
|How do you pronounce 'Magdalene' as in Magdalene College Cambridge?|
Maudlin. The College of St Mary Magdalene was founded in 1428. It is home to Samuel Pepys famous diary, which has been carefully preserved in a library named after him. Magdalene College did not accept women students until 1988.
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