Special Sub-Topic: Independence Day
|In 1962 this Caribbean island became independent and Alexander Bustamante became its first prime minister. What is the name of this island?|
Jamaica. Originally occupied by the Spanish, the British under Sir William Penn, father of the founder of Pennsylvania, seized the island in 1655. Britain formally gained possession by the Treaty of Madrid in 1670.
|The British settlement of these Caribbean islands began in 1647 and were colonised in 1783. One of the chief magistrates during this time was Edward Teach, better known as Blackbeard. What is the name of these islands which gained independence in 1973?|
Bahamas. When the Europeans first arrived they reported the islands were lushly forested and they cleared the trees to make way for plantations. The soil was unsuited to the growing of cotton and the plantations failed.
|Columbus landed here in 1493 but the British colonised these islands in 1667. The islands were used for sugar plantations and were granted independence in 1981. What is the name of these islands?|
Antigua and Barbuda. Most of the local population are descended from the slaves who worked in the plantations, but there are a few Europeans - mainly British and Portuguese. The local language is an English-based creole but the official language is English.
|Uninhabited before the British arrived in 1627, this island's main source of income was sugar but has now been replaced by tourism. What is the name of this island which attained independence in 1966?|
Barbados. The influence of the British is more keenly felt here than elsewhere in the Caribbean. The national sport is cricket and one of is most famous players is Sir Garfield Sobers.
|In 1887 these islands in the Indian Ocean were the subject of gunboat diplomacy as the inhabitants refused to be colonized. The HMS Britain sat offshore and threatened to open fire unless they signed the documents allowing the islanders to be colonized. Rather than see their islands destroyed they soon capitulated. What is the name of the islands which acquired independence in 1965?|
The Maldives. The British Raj having swept through the Indian Ocean ignored the Maldives as it was of little value, either economically or strategically. They gave the Maldives protection but did little to involve themselves in the day to day running of the islands.
|This South East Asian island was first colonized in 1819 as a trading colony. A very prosperous nation which became an independent country in 1963. Erroneously named after the sighting of a lion, what is the name of the island?|
Singapore. Founded by Sir Stamford Raffles, Singapore is one of the most important countries in South East Asia. It was founded by the British to counter the Dutch presence in South East Asia. The cocktail Singapore Sling was created at the Raffles Hotel.
|This island in the Indian Ocean was first discovered by the Portuguese, colonised by the Dutch, then the French before the British who colonised it in 1814. It gained its independence in 1968. Which of these is it?|
Mauritius. In 1847 Mauritius became the fifth country to issue postage stamps, its red penny and blue penny are the most sought after stamps because of their rarity. It was also the home of the Dodo, which appears on their coat of arms.
|After a request by its leader, the British put this African country under its protection in 1885. It changed its name upon declaring independence in 1966. What is the name of this dynamic country?|
Botswana. Its leader Khama III asked for protection from the Boers and also from tribes crossing the Kalihari desert.
Mineral extraction, especially diamonds, fuels Botswana's economy although tourism is fast catching up. Botswana has the highest incidence of HIV/AIDS infection rates in the world but has the best system in Africa for dealing with the disease. Formerly known as Bechuanaland.
|Officially becoming a British colony in 1920, this country has had a varied history. In 1963, this African country became independent and chose Jomo Kenyatta as its first president. Which of these is it?|
Kenya. Recent finds show that "homo erectus" lived here 2.6 million years ago. Kenya has had a troubled past as evidenced by the Mau Mau rebellions against British rule.
|With the growth of British rule in Africa, this country became a protectorate in 1894. Since being granted independence in 1961, this country has one of the world's worst human rights record. Which of these is it?|
Uganda. In 1971 Idi Amin came to power and for 8 years caused social disintegration, economic decline and massive human rights violations. He was overthrown in 1979 and fled the country.It is estimated that 100,000 people were murdered during Amin's rule of terror.
Did you find these entries particularly interesting, or do you have comments / corrections to make? Let the author know!
Send the author a thank you or
Submit a correction