Special Sub-Topic: Philippines in the Past
|She was the first woman member of the Katipunan(July 1893).|
Marina Dizon. She was cousin of Emilio Jacinto. She lost her mother when she was eight months old. She was also a guitarist and violinist of the Trozo Comparsa Band. Gregoria de Jesus was the wife of Andres Bonifacio. Segunda Katigbak was childhood sweetheart of Jose Rizal.
|After the death of her husband Andres Bonifacio, Gregoria de Jesus was later married to whom?|
Julio Nakpil. Julio Nakpil was also a patriot and he was commander of all troops in the north in company with Emilio Jacinto. Julio Nakpil and Gregoria de Jesus were married in the Catholic Church on 10 December 1898 and they had eight children, Juana, Lucia, Juan, Julia, Francisca, Josefina, Mercedes and Caridad.
|Who was the last Sultan of Sulu? |
Jamalul Kiram II. Abu Bakr brought Islam to the Philippines and Haji Butu was the first Muslim senator.
|The first woman to top the Philippine BAR Examination.|
Tecla San Andres Ziga. Geronima Pecson was the only person to serve as vice president to two former presidents of the Philippines.
|He was also known as Hermano Pule.|
Apolinario de la Cruz. The leader of a messianic group. Refused membership in a monastic order because he was a native, he founded the Cofradia de San Jose in 1832. Because membership in his organization was open only to pure natives, the Spaniards branded him a heretic. In 1841, during a violent encounter of his group with Spanish troops, he was captured and later executed; his dismembered body was displayed in various towns of southern Tayabas where his organization had numerous members and followers.
|Who was the chief advisor of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo?|
Apolinario Mabini. A staunch nationalist, statesman, lawyer, philosopher and educator.
He was regarded as the most brilliant Filipino mind of the revolutionary era. He was also known as the "Sublime Paralytic".
|The first political party in the Philippines organized on December 23, 1900 by wealthy Filipino illustrados. |
Federal Party. Its principal aims were immediate peace and annexation of the Philippines to the United States. Promulgated by 125 illustrados, the party elected Trinidad Pardo de Tavera as president.
|What is the pseudonym used by Pablo Faced?|
Quioquiap. One of the anti-Filipino writers who wrote to counter the Reform or Propaganda Movement in the 1880s to the 1890s. He was notorious for his open hatred of Filipinos as shown in his "Filipinas: esbozos y pinceladas" (The Philippines: outlines and images), published in Manila in 1888.
|Who was called "The First Filipino Diplomat" ?
Felipe Agoncillo. For having served as General Aguinaldo's Minister Plenipotentiary to secure recognition of Philippine independence and specifically prevent
the secession of the Philippines by Spain to the United States after the Spanish-American war and to convince the U.S Goverment not to ratify the Treaty of Paris of December 10, 1898.
|Who was the leader of the Cavite Mutiny, the first huelga (labor strike) recorded in the Philippines?
Francisco la Madrid. Rafael de Izquerdo was the Spanish Governor-General during this incident.
|The first president of the Katipunan.|
Deodato Arellano. Propagandist of the Katipunan who helped collect funds for the propagandists in Spain. He was secretary of the executive council of La Liga Filipina in 1892.
|The first Sulu-United States Treaty concluded on August 20,1899 allowing American presence in Sulu.|
|Who was the first Filipino president (1915-1920) of the University of the Philippines? |
Ignacio Villamor. A statesman, jurist and educator, he co-founded the Universidad Literaria de Filipinas and was also the first Filipino executive secretary.
|He founded the Socialist Party of the Philippines in 1929, which merged with the older Communist Party of the Philippines(PKP) in 1939.|
Pedro Abad Santos. The founder and head of the "Aguman Ding Maldang Talapagobra (AMT)" and also the "General Workers Union (1933)".
|Who was the first woman councilor of Manila?|
Carmen Planas. Elected in the local election of December 14, 1937. Ranking second among the Councillors elected, her victory marked the entry of women into Philippine local politics.
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