Special Sub-Topic: Straits All Over the World
|Which strait connects the South Atlantic with the South Pacific?|
Strait of Magellan. The Strait of Magellan was discovered by the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan in 1520.
|What is the name of the strait between the Malay Peninsula and Sumatra?|
Strait of Malacca. The Strait of Malacca connects the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea.
|The strait connecting North and South Islands, New Zealand is known as _____?|
Cook Strait. The Cook Strait is called Raukawa in Maori language. It was discovered by the English explorer James Cook in 1770.
|Which strait connects east Borneo and west Sulawesi, Indonesia?|
Makassar Strait. The Makassar Strait connects the Celebes (Sulawesi) Sea with the Java Sea.
|What is the name of the strait between Sumatra and Java, Indonesia?|
Sunda Strait. In the center of the Sunda Strait is the volcanic island of Krakatau. Its eruption in 1883 was the most violent of modern times. Tidal waves killed 36.000 people in Java and Sumatra.
|The strait (formerly called La Pérouse Strait) connecting Hokkaido Island, Japan and Sakhalin Island, Russia is known by what name?|
Soya Strait. The Soya Strait is about 40 km wide.
|Which strait is the narrowest and easternmost section of the English Channel? (English or French spelling).|
Strait of Dover & Straits of Dover & Pas de Calais. The Strait of Dover is 32 km wide at its narrowest point. The English port of Dover was a stronghold of medieval England (Dover Castle), chief of the Cinque Ports. Today it´s the leading passenger port in Great Britain.
|What is the name of the strait between Sri Lanka and India?|
Palk Strait. The Palk Strait is situated north of Adam´s Bridge, a chain of shoals between Sri Lanka and India. These are traditionally the remains of a causeway built by Rama, the hero of the Ramayana.
|This strait connecting the northern tip of Oman (the Arabian Peninsula) and the south coast of Iran is known as _____?|
Strait of Hormuz. The Hormuz Strait (formerly called the Ormuz Strait) is an important transport route for oil tankers. The city of Hormuz (near modern Bandar Abbas, Iran) became a major trade center by ca.1200. It was relocated to the island of Hormuz by ca.1300, then taken by the Portuguese in 1514. It was retaken by the Persian leader Shah Abbas in 1622.
|Which strait separates the Arabian Peninsula and the African coast?|
Bab el Mandeb. Bab el Mandeb unites the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden.
|What is the name of the strait called Canakkale Bogazi in Turkish and Hellespontus in Greek? The ancient Hellespont was the scene of the Persian King Xerxes´crossing to Europe in the invasion of Greece (480 BC).|
Dardanelles. The Dardanelles was part of the Byzantine Empire until the 14th century. It was held and fortified by the Turks in the 15th century. With the Russian expansion to the Black Sea it increased in strategic importance as the only outlet or the Russian fleet to the Mediterranean. It was the scene of an Allied campaign during WWI (Gallipoli).
|What is the name of the strait (called Karadeniz Bogazi in Turkish) which is a narrow passage between Turkey in Europe and Turkey in Asia, connecting the Sea of Marmara with the Black Sea?|
Bosporus & Bosphorus. The Bosporus Strait is spanned by two of the longest bridges in the world, completed 1973 and 1988.
|The strait (formerly called the Yenikale Strait) connecting the Azov Sea with the Black Sea is known by the name ________?|
Kerch Strait. Kerch Strait lies between Ukraine and Russia, connecting the Sea of Azov with the Black Sea. The city of Kerch is an ancient Greek colony (Panticapaeum). It was a trading port held by the Genoese from the 14th to the 15th centuries. It was then captured by the Turks. The Russians conquered it in 1774.
|What is the name of the strait between Denmark and Sweden, connecting the Kattegat with the Baltic Sea?|
Øresund. A bridge over the Øresund was completed in 2000.
|What is the name of the strait that seperates Corsica, France and Sardinia, Italy?|
Strait of Bonifacio. The narrowest part of the Strait of Bonifacio is 11 km.
|This strait connecting Iceland and Greenland is called ______?|
Denmark Strait. The German battleship "Bismarck" sank the British "Hood" in the Denmark Strait in 1941.
|What is the name of the strait between Australia (mainland) and Tasmania?|
Bass Strait. The Bass Strait is named for George Bass, British surgeon and navigator.
|What is the name of the strait between Greenland and Baffin Island, Canada?|
Davis Strait. The Davis Strait connects Baffin Bay with the Atlantic Ocean. It was disovered by the English navigator John Davis in search of the Northwest Passage in 1585.
|Which strait connects Baffin Island and Quebec, Canada?|
Hudson Strait. The Hudson Strait connects the Atlantic Ocean with Hudson Bay. It was entered by English navigator Martin Frobisher in 1578 and navigated by Henry Hudson in 1610.
|The strait connecting the Vancouver Island and the mainland of British Columbia (Canada) and Washington (USA) is called by what name? |
Strait of Georgia. The Strait of Georgia forms part of the inland ship passage from the Lower 48 to Alaska. (The Lower 48 are the continental states of USA, excluding Alaska).
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