Special Sub-Topic: The U.S. Chemical Corps
|What two types of chemical agents are there?|
persistent and non-persistent. Chemical agents are catagorized into two types of agents: persistent and non-persistent. The persistency of a chemical agent relates to how long the agent remains a hazard. Non-persistent agents can disepate in as soon as one hour and persistent agents can remain a hazard for as long as two weeks.
|What piece of equipment measures what dose rate a soldier is being exposed to?|
AN/VDR 2. The AN/VDR 2 measures the radiation a soldier is being exposed to in centigray (cGy). Dose rate means how much radiation a soldier is exposed based on cGy per hour. The higher the dose rate the more radiation the soldier is exposed to if he/she stays in the area.
|What are the three levels of decontamination?|
immediate, operational and thorough. Immediate decon is when a soldier decontaminates himself/herself and individual equipment. An operational decon consists of a vehicle spraydown and a MOPP gear exchange. A thorough decon consists of a detailed equipment decon and detailed troop decon.
|What does the term MOPP stand for?|
Mission Oriented Protective Posture. Mission Oriented Protective Posture gear consists of a protective mask, a BDO (battle dress overgarment) or J-list suit, protective overboots and protective gloves.
|What category of chemical agent is Sarin (GB)?|
Nerve. Sarin is a nerve agent. It is one of the G series nerve agents. GA is Tabun, Sarin is GB and Soman is GD. Nerve agents affect the body's nervous system. It can affect the body's ability to breath.
|What are the three fundamentals of Chemical Biological Radiological and Nuclear defense?|
Contamination avoidance, Protection and Decontamination. The US Army has published field manuals on these fundamentals: FM 3-3 NBC Contamination Avoidance, FM 3-4 NBC Protection and FM 3-5 NBC Decontamination.
|The best decontamination solution is a combination of a DS2 slurry and STB (Super Topical Bleach).|
f. This is an absolute no-no. The mixing of these two decontaminants will ignite a fire. DS2 (Decontaminat Solution 2) is a liquid decontaminant. STB is a powder that is very similiar to Clorox bleach; when mixed with water it creates a slurry.
|What are the three types of smoke screens?|
Haze, Curtain and Blanket. Chemical soldiers are responsible for emplacing smoke on the battlefield. Dragon soldiers use smoke generators mounted on High Mobility, Multiple-purpose Wheeled Vehicles (Hum-Vee) and M113 Armored Personnel Carriers.
|Which one of the following is not classified as a biological agent?|
Tabun. Tabun is a "G" series Nerve agent. Anthrax spores affect the breathing of a victim. Riccin is a toxin derived from castor beans. Rickettsias are parasitic microorganisms like Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever.
|Which one of the following pieces of chemical equipment will not detect chemical agents?|
M12A1 PDDE. M12A1 Power Driven Decontamination Equipment does not detect chemical agents. It a truck mounted decontamination device with a heater, a pump unit and a mixing tank. It has the capabilty to run two hoses at the same time.
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