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"Australian history by the decades. A potted history of the Land Down-Under..."
15 Points Per Correct Answer - No time limit
Pre 1770. Europeans had visited Australia prior to Cook, but which of these explorers is believed to have landed first?
Frederick de Houtman
1770s. In 1770 Captain James Cook claimed the land known as Terra Australis for the British Crown, but what was his main reason for sailing to the South Pacific?
For a holiday
To observe the transit of Venus from Tahiti
To establish trade relations with China
To prove the existence of the South Pole
1780s. The First Fleet arrived in Sydney in January 1788, but which French explorer was only a few days behind them?
Jean-Francois de La Perouse
1790s. Which officer of the NSW Corps is credited with creating the wool industry in Australia?
1800-1809. Sydney was established first, but what is the second oldest capital city in Australia?
Perth, Western Australia
Adelaide, South Australia
1810s. In 1813 the previously impassable barrier to the west of Sydney was crossed for the first time. What name is given to these mountains, part of the Great Dividing Range?
1820s. In 1827 a small settlement was made at King George Sound in Western Australia. What did this settlement change its name to in the following year?
1830s. Which island, situated about 700 kilometres north-east of Sydney, was first settled in 1834?
Lord Howe Island
1840s. Which wife of a British Naval officer was the first woman (besides royalty) to be depicted on an Australian decimal bank note?
Dame Edna Everage
Dame Edith Lyons
Catherine Helen Spence
1850s. What precious commodity was discovered at Bathurst in February 1851 and at Ballarat in June of the same year?
1860s. Which variety of apple was developed in Australia in 1868 from Tasmanian crab apples?
1870s. Australia's Aboriginal population has been treated very poorly since the arrival of Europeans, with many being shot or enslaved. In 1876, the last full-blooded Tasmanian Aboriginal died. What was her name?
1880s. Ned Kelly was hanged on November 11, 1880 in Melbourne for murder and bushranging, but where did his famous last stand against the law occur?
Jerilderie, New South Wales
1890s. 1894 was a very turbulent year in Australian history. A strike by a group of workers brought violence, death, arson and even piracy! What type of workers went on strike?
1900s. Which author published her first novel, "My Brilliant Career", in 1901?
1910s. At the disastrous WW1 campaign in Gallipoli, Turkey, a British soldier named John Simpson Kirkpatrick went down in Australasian history for his rescuing of wounded troops under fire. Who was his companion?
A dog named Gregory
A donkey named Duffy
A horse named Napoleon
An unnamed pigeon
1920s. When Charles Kingsford-Smith and Charles Ulm made the first trans-Pacific flight in 1928, what astronomical name did they give to their aeroplane?
1930s. In 1931, a paramilitary group called the 'New Guard' was established to protect the country from "communists, anarchists and other wreckers". When the Sydney Harbour Bridge was being opened in 1932 New Guard member Captain de Groot charged out of the crowd on his horse and slashed the ribbon with a sword. Which dignitary had the honour of cutting the hastily-mended ribbon?
Samuel Walder, Lord Mayor of Sydney
Queen Elizabeth II
Jack Lang, New South Wales Premier
Joseph Lyons, Australian Prime Minister
1940s. In 1948, Prime Minister Ben Chifley launched Australia's first locally mass-produced car, the Holden. What was the 'official' model designation for the car more commonly known as the 'FX'?
1950s. In 1953, Mervyn Victor Richardson invented which Australian icon in his backyard shed?
Hills clothes hoist
Black-box flight recorder
1960s. Which of these men succeeded Sir Robert Menzies as Australian Prime Minister, and is remembered for his quote "All the way with L.B.J.", referring to the Australian involvement in Vietnam?
1970s. What was the name of the cyclone that destroyed Darwin in 1974?
1980s. In 1983, Australia finally claimed a trophy that had been in American hands for over 130 years. What yacht defeated Dennis Connor and his yacht 'Liberty'?
1990s. In 1999, a referendum was held in Australia. What was the issue that was voted on, and rejected?
That a new flag and national anthem should be adopted
That the eligible voting age should be increased from 18 to 21
That Australia should become a republic
That Australia's immigration policies should undergo a complete restructure
2000s. At the Sydney Olympic Games, held in 2000, six famous Australian sportswomen carried the torch around the arena prior to Cathy Freeman lighting the Olympic Flame. One of these women was in a wheelchair because of Multiple Sclerosis. Who is she?
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Compiled May 22 13