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Berlin: East and West
"Berlin was a city that most Americans knew about only through spy novels and TV programs. There was a lot more to this wonderful city than just a graffiti covered wall and barbed wire. Here is a little trip around pre- and post-Cold War Berlin."
15 Points Per Correct Answer - No time limit
The Allies operated several large SIGINT (signals intelligence) collection sites within the city of West Berlin during the Cold War days (Yes - we really did spy). Which of the following was NOT one of those sites?
In what year did the city of Berlin celebrate its 750th birthday?
This building is located in the Tiergarten district of Berlin and is situated on the bank on the river Spree. Built in 1957 for the International Building Exhibition it was known as the Kongresshalle (Congress Hall). Because of the unusually shaped roof of this structure the Berliners often referred to the Kongresshalle as what?
The pregnant oyster
The camel's hump
"...come here to this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate! Mr. Gorbachev tear down this wall." President Ronald Reagan spoke these words in a speech he delivered to the citizens of West Berlin on the 12th of June, 1987. This was President Reagan's second visit to the city. Where was this historic speech given?
On the front steps of the Reichstag building
At the wall in front of the Brandenburg Gate
At Checkpoint Charlie
In front of the Russian embassy
This monument stands smack dab in the middle of the Tiergarten on the large circular area of land known as the Great Star. What is the name of this monument?
The Eiffel tower
The Kaiser-Wilhelm Gedächtniskirche
On a cold February day (well it was February in Berlin, you know) the most famous spy swap between the United States and the Soviet Union took place. On the 10th of that month in 1962 two men, one an American pilot, crossed over the Glienicker Brücke (Freedom Bridge) in opposite directions towards freedom. What were the names of these two spies?
Oleg Penkovsky and Kim Philby
Francis Gary Powers and Rudolf Ivanovich Abel
Anatoly Scharansky and Aldrich Ames
Rudolph Ivanovich Abel and Oleg Penkovsky
In 1946 the seven war criminals not sentenced to death or acquitted at Nuremberg were taken to Berlin where they were to serve their sentences in Spandau prison. Of the original seven prisoners - four served out their sentences and three were released early for health reasons. The man referred to as "prisoner number 7" was the sole occupant of the prison from 1966 until 1987. What was his name?
Which of the following Cold War era movies was NOT, either in whole or in part, shot in Berlin?
"Funeral in Berlin"
"One, Two, Three"
"The Forbin Project"
This memorial, resembling a giant three pronged fork, stands in front of Tempelhof Central Airport in the Platz der Luftbrücke. Its twin stands in a similar location on Rhein-Main Airbase in Frankurt. What do these memorials commemorate?
The liberation of Berlin by the Allies
The fall of the Berlin wall
The Berlin Airlift
In 1987 Stephen Roche of Ireland won the most prestigious race in cycling, the Tour de France. The race began in West Berlin, one of the rare times when the race is started outside of France, and a number of stages were completed entirely within the city. How many stages, including the Prolouge, were held in Berlin?
One of the most famous and visible features of the Berlin skyline is the Fernsehturm or Television Tower. This impressive structure stands at one end of the equally famous Alexanderplatz and is the tallest free standing structure in Germany. During good weather when the sun's rays reflect off of the "ball" the shape of a cross appears. What nickname did the West Berliners give to the tower after this phenomena was first observed?
The Pope's revenge
The Berlin wall was initially, and hastily, constructed on August 13, 1961. The original wall consisted of barbed wire barriers that were reinforced with concrete sections a couple of days later. Over the years until it fell in 1989 there were additional major 'upgrades'. How many total 'generations' of the Berlin Wall have there been?
It is not known exactly how many people were killed trying to flee across the Berlin wall although some figures indicate more than 290. One of the most horrific and public events occurred on August 17, 1962 when a young man was shot and left to bleed to death in full view of West Berliners, who could do nothing, and East German border guards who would do nothing to help. What was the name of this man?
In 1936, the last Olympic games before the start of World War II, were held in Berlin. These so called "Nazi games" were to be a massive propaganda event for Hitler, but would prove an embarrassment to him and the Third Reich. However, two good things did come out of these games - the dominance of the track and field events by the Americans and the re-introduction of an ancient Olympic tradition. What tradition was restarted at the 1936 Olympic games?
The Olympic torch relay
The taking of the Olympic oath by each athlete
The introduction of the Olympic flag
The precession of athletes during the opening ceremonies
In June of 1963 President John F. Kennedy gave his famous speech to a large crowd near the Berlin Wall. Twice he made the statement "Ich bin ein Berliner". Was this actually taken to mean "I am a jelly doughnout"?
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Compiled Jun 28 12