Interesting Questions, Facts and Information
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Interesting Questions, Facts, and Information
It varies. Normally hieroglyphs are read from right to left. However there are some instances where they are read from left to right. Human and animal forms in the hieroglyphs always look to the beginning of the text, indicating from which direction to begin reading.
Truth. In the Judgement Hall of Osiris, Ma'at weighed the hearts or souls of the dead against the feather of the law or truth.
The soul. The 'ba' is depicted as a human-headed bird. The 'life force' is called the 'ka', the physical body is called the khat, and the heart is called the 'ab'.
The goddess Bastet. Bubastis was the cult center for the cat-headed goddess Bastet or Bast. Thousands of mummified cats were unearthed at Bubastis.
|What is the common name given to the funerary texts found in various tombs?||Ancient Egypt
The Book of the Dead. The Book of the Dead was supposed to serve as a guide for the deceased in the afterlife. Also called the Chapters of Coming Forth By Day.
Anubis. The jackal-headed god Anubis guided the dead into the Judgement Halls of Osiris.
|What was used as the symbol of eternal life in ancient Egypt?||Ancient Egypt
Ankh. The ankh, a cross with a loop at the top, is also known as the Key of the Nile. The scarab symbolizes rebirth, the sphinx symbolizes the power of the king, and the sistrum is a musical instrument.
|During which historical period were the pyramids at Giza built?||Ancient Egypt
Old Kingdom. The pyramids at Giza were built during the Old Kingdom, 4th Dynasty. The Great Pyramid at Giza, built by Khufu (Cheops), is the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still in existence.
|Which Egyptian king, last of the 17th Dynasty, began the military campaign that eventually vanquished the Hyksos from Egypt?||Hyksos of Ancient Egypt
Kamose. Kamose began the process of expelling the Hyksos from Egypt. His brother Ahmose, first king of the 18th Dynasty, completed the process.
Avaris. Avaris is now present day Telled-Dab'a.
Asia Minor. The Hyksos were of semitic origin and swept down from Asia Minor to conquer Egypt.
18th Century B.C.. They settled in Egypt in the 18th century B.C and by the 17th century had conquered Egypt.
|Speos Artemidos, a rock cut temple, was dedicated to which god?||Ancient Egypt
Pakhet. It was built by Hatshepsut. Nearby is a cat cemetary where animals were buried in honor of Pakhet.
Zoser. He was responsible for the Zoser's step pyramid built at Sakkara.
|In Old Kingdom government matters, who was the most important executive after the king?||Ancient Egypt
vizier. Local governors were appointed to administer to various districts.
Smenkhkare. Smenkhkare was probably Akhenaten's co-regent. He is also believed to be Tutankhaten's older brother. He only ruled for a few months.
Horus-Apollo. This was the capital of the 2nd nome of Upper Egypt.
|Th Temple of Hatshepsut and Tuthmosis III was dedicated to which god?||Ancient Egypt
Amun. This temple has been altered many times by Ramesses III, Taharka, and Shabaka to name a few.
El-Ashmunein. The god Thoth was worshipped here in the Old Kingdom.
|Where did the 1st king of the 5th dynasty build his pyramid?||Ancient Egypt
Sakkara. The associated mortuary temple was excavated in 1928.
Hetepheres. Her husband, Sneferu, founded the 4th dynasty.
|What was the ancient Greek name for Tell el-Yahudiyah?||Ancient Egypt
Leontopolis. A major feature of this site is the partly preserved earthwork enclosure.
|Every year when the Nile flooded a festival was held through out Egypt. What was this festival called?||Ancient Egypt
Opet Festival. Every year when the fields flooded, peasants and officials alike joined in with this grand festival honouring the god Amun.
|Howard Carter played an important role in the discovery of which Pharaoh's tomb?||Ancient Egypt
Tutankhamen's. The spelling Tutankhamun is also found.
|In the tombs of the Pharaohs there are statues of servants, there to serve the king upon his resurrection in the afterlife. What are these statues called?||Ancient Egypt
Ushabti. Many Ushabti's were placed in the Pharaoh's tomb because, as in life, he would need servants to serve him in the afterlife also.
Duck. The duck is used in hieroglyphics for the word son.
|What animal is the god of reading, Thoth, depicted as?||Ancient Egypt
|Which of the gods was often called the invisible god?||Ancient Egypt
Amun. Amun was the creator god and was often referred to as the invisible god for he had never manifested himself before man. However statues of him depict him as human, or human with the head of a ram.
Ramses II. Ramses II had Abu Simbel built near the banks of the Nile, but in 1960 it was moved as it was at risk of being flooded.
|True or false, the Pharaoh Smenkhkare ruled after Tutankhamun?||Ancient Egypt
f. Smenkhkare is thought to have ruled BEFORE Tutankhamun, but after his father, Akhenaten. There is very little else known about this Pharaoh, but it has been debated that he may have actually been Nefertiti, Akhenaten's wife
|The Pharaoh Akhenaten moved the capital away from Thebes and named his new capital Akhetaten. What does this mean?||Ancient Egypt
Horizon of the Aten. It means Horizon of the Aten, and he called it this because as the sun (or sun disk - Aten) rose it was always visible on the horizon.