Interesting Questions, Facts and Information
- There are a total of 15 general entries.
Interesting Questions, Facts, and Information
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain
Portland. In 1900, Chamberlain was named Surveyor of the Port of Portland, Maine, and remained in Portland until his death.
Information, basic and specific, obtained for this quiz was garnered with the assistance of many websites and books, and I am in great appreciation to all!
war wounds. Perhaps as great an indicator of this man's character and strength as any, when Chamberlain passed away, it was because of lingering complications from a severe wound he received during the Battle of Petersburg in 1864, when a bullet pierced his hip, traveled through his groin, nicked his bladder, and exited his other hip. Despite several later operations, he was never able to escape the effects of this wounding, and endured them for almost 50 years until his death!
Recipient of the Medal of Honor. Chamberlain, after a wait of thirty years, was finally awarded the Medal of Honor by Congress in 1893 for his gallantry at the Battle of Gettysburg during the Civil War. He was never a senator, representative, or foreign diplomat, although he did represent the United States at the Paris Exposition in 1878.
83rd Pennsylvania. The 16th Michigan, 44th New York, 83rd Pennsylvania, and 20th Maine composed the third brigade of the 1st Division of the Union V Corps at Gettysburg. Commanded by Col. Strong Vincent, the brigade occupied Little Round Top just before Confederate units began to arrive. Col. Vincent positioned the 20th Maine to the extreme left, with the 83rd Pennsylvania next to them on their right. Col. Vincent was mortally wounded at Little Round Top. The 6th Wisconsin was a unit in the famed Union Iron Brigade, part of the Union I Corps.
|What did Colonel Chamberlain order his brother, Lt. Thomas Chamberlain, to do during the battle on Little Round Top?||Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain
Stay away from him. According to various sources, Joshua and Thomas Chamberlain, as well as their brother John (a member of a Christian Commission) were en route to their position on Little Round Top when an artillery shell from Confederate cannon came very close to hitting all three men. Saying, "Another one a bit closer could be a hard day for Mother", Joshua sent John to look for a place for wounded men to be taken, and Tom to the rear. He also ordered Tom on various duties and assignments during the battle that would not place them in too close proximity to one another.
| Let's go to Chamberlain and Gettysburg for a moment. Holding the extreme left of the Union line on Little Round Top, Chamberlain and his 20th Maine faced direct assault from which Confederate unit?||Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain
15th Alabama. Commanded by Colonel William C. Oates, the 15th Alabama entered Gettysburg with a strength of 644 men and 42 officers (according to Col. Oates), which meant they outnumbered the 20th Maine approximately 2 to 1. They were part of General Evander Laws' Alabama brigade, which also counted the 4th Alabama and the 48th Alabama among it's numbers. The 4th Virginia was part of the famed Stonewall Brigade, part of Ewell's Corps fighting at Culp's Hill.
|In June of 1866, Chamberlain was mustered out of the army. What did he do immediately following his military service?||Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain
Resumed his teaching career. This is a kind of a trick question. In 1866, Chamberlain was indeed elected to be the Governor of Maine, the first of four terms (a term being one year at that time). However, immediately following his mustering out, he returned to his teaching, often giving speeches about his wartime experiences. After all he had experienced, however, he now found teaching to be "tame and uninspiring", and decided to enter politics. In September, 1866, he was elected Governor of Maine, and served from 1866-1870. He did serve as President of Bowdoin College from 1871 until 1883.
|At war's end, Chamberlain was a brevet (honorary) Major General. He also received, personally, from Union Commanding General Ulysses S. Grant, a very special honor. What was it?||Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain
The acceptance of the formal surrender of Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. Chamberlain was chosen by Grant to receive the formal laying down of arms and colors of Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia on April 12, 1865. In a display of admiration for Lee and his army, and in an effort to persuade the remaining Confederate armies still fighting to surrender as well, Chamberlain presented to the Confederates a salute, and ordered his men to do the same. Confederate general, John B. Gordon, deeply touched by this, returned the salute and ordered HIS men to do likewise.
Thomas Davee Chamberlain. Thomas Davee Chamberlain was the youngest of five siblings, the youngest brother of Joshua. He served throughout the duration of the Civil War, mostly with the 20th Maine, eventually rising to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. He is credited with taking actions that saved his brother Joshua's life after Joshua was severly wounded at the Battle of Petersburg. Thomas died on August 12, 1896. John Calhoun Chamberlain, their brother, visited them at the Battle of Gettysburg as a member of the Christian Commission, and he was later appointed chaplain of another Maine Regiment.
Smallpox. An outbreak of smallpox kept the 20th Maine on guard duty in the rear during the battle. The smallpox was supposedly contracted from the innoculations the regiment received to ward off the disease!
|At the outbreak of the Civil War, Joshua enlisted, and was offered the colonelcy of the 20th Maine Regiment. He declined, so he could first learn the ways and means of the military. Who became the regiment's colonel, with Joshua as its lieutenant colonel?||Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain
Adelbert Ames. Adelbert Ames became colonel of the 20th Maine when Joshua declined. He was promoted to brigadier general in June of 1863, at which time Joshua became the Colonel of the regiment. George Sykes was the commander of the Union V Corps at Gettysburg, of which the 20th Maine was a part. Strong Vincent was the commander of the brigade the 20th was a part of, and he was killed at Gettysburg. Oliver Howard was from Maine, but was commander of the Union XI Corps.
Fanny Adams. Joshua married Fanny Adams, who was the daughter of a local clergyman, in 1855. They had five children, but three of them did not survive infancy. Julia Howe was actually a very prominent abolitionist, who wrote "The Battle Hymn of the Republic".
Russian. Joshua was fluent in Greek, Spanish, French, Italian, German, Hebrew, Arabic, Latin, and Syriac, an Eastern Aramaic language spoken by various Middle Eastern Christian peoples. In fact, he taught himself to read ancient Greek to pass the Bowdoin College entrance exam.
Bowdoin College. Joshua graduated from Bowdoin College in 1852. He was a member of the Alpha Delta Phi fraternity, and of the Phi Beta Kappa academic society. He would later teach rhetoric at Bowdoin College.
1828. Joshua was the eldest child of Joshua and Sarah Chamberlain, and was born September 8, 1828 in Brewer, Maine.