Interesting Questions, Facts and Information
- There are a total of 20 general entries.
Interesting Questions, Facts, and Information
Winfield Scott Hancock
1880. His reputation as an honest man and being a war hero who was against Reconstruction led the Democrats to nominate him for president in 1880. Another Civi War veteran, Republican James A. Garfield, narrowly defeated him.
Texas and Louisiana. He was the commander of the 5th Military District that covered Texas and Louisiana. He was supposed to implement the reconstruction policies in those states. He refused to change the civil courts into military ones, as he thought that policy offensive. General Grant, who opposed his softness towards the south, granted his request to transfer to the North. In 1867 he was given command of the Military Division of the Atlantic.
Vicksburg. Gettysburg and Vicksburg occurred on the same day and Hancock played a pivotal role in the battle of Gettysburg.
|Hancock was a captain when the war started. He reported to George McClellan and was promoted to what at the beginning of the war?||Winfield Scott Hancock
Brigadier General of Volunteers. McClellan appointed him Brigadier General of Volunteers therefore he helped McClellan organize the Army of the Potomac.
|Immediately before the Civil War broke out, in which city did Hancock serve as Chief Quartermaster of the Southern District of California?||Winfield Scott Hancock
Los Angeles. Hancock was stationed with his family in Los Angeles, California when the Civil War broke out.
Seminole War. On November 5, 1855, Lieutenant Hancock was appointed Assistant Quartermaster, U.S.A, promoted to captain and ordered to Fort Myers, Florida during the Seminole Wars of 1856-1857. Hancock was one of the best as a quartermaster and was becoming indispensible although, according to his wife, "he very much disliked quartermaster duties."
Almira. After the Mexican War ended the Sixth Infantry returned to St. Louis and here he met Almira Russell, the daughter of a prominent St. Louis merchant. They were married on January 24, 1850. The Hancocks had two children: a son, Russell born on October 29, 1850 in St. Louis and died on December 30, 1884 and a daughter, Ada Elizabeth born on February 24, 1857 in Fort Myers, Florida and died on March 28, 1875.
|Hancock got a transfer from his desk job to serve in the Mexican War. Whom did he serve under?||Winfield Scott Hancock
Winfield Scott. After repeated requests to the War Department for a transfer to the war front, on July 13, 1847, he was transferred to Vera Cruz to serve under General Winfield Scott, in the fight against Santa Anna. His first action was at the National bridge that connected Vera Cruz and Puebla, where he was ordered to capture the bridge. He saw more action in the battles of Churubusco, Molino Del Rey, Vera Cruz and witnessed the assault and capture of Mexico City. On August 20, 1847, "for gallant and meritorious conduct at the battles of Contreras and Churubusco," Winfield Scott Hancock was promoted to First Lieutenant.
Texas. After his graduation from West Point, he received a commission of Second Lieutenant in the Sixth U. S. Infantry and was assigned to the Red River region of Texas, then Indian Territory. Here he served at Fort Towson and Fort Washita. During this time, encounters between Whites and Indians were relatively peaceful, and he spent two years hunting, fishing, riding the plains and becoming the man we now recognize. He remained there until the beginning of the Mexican War.
Garfield. Hancock was the representative for the Democratic party, and lost the election to Garfield, of the Republican party.
Breveted Second Lieutenant. At this point in his life, Hancock was detailed to "Indian Territory" near the Red River in Texas where he first served at Fort Towson and then Fort Washita.
Thigh. He was shot once in the thigh while on his horse during Pickett's Charge. Little did he know that his old friend lay mortally wounded not far away.
Second corps. General Reynolds command first corps until he was killed on July 1, 1863. General Howard commanded eleventh corps. General Sickles commanded third corps.
American Civil War. The highest rank Winfield gained was Major General.
July 26, 1866. On this date Winfield Hancock also mustered out of the volunteer service.
Almira. Almira was very supportive of his military career and went with him as he moved throughout the country on various military jobs.
Hilary and John. Winfield and Hilary were twins, and John was a younger brother of Winfield and Hilary.
Feburary 14, 1824. Hancock's birthday, as many may know, is the same as Valentine's day. Winfield was named after the military hero of the time: General Winfield Scott.