Interesting Questions, Facts and Information
- There are a total of 30 general entries.
Interesting Questions, Facts, and Information
Art Schools and Movements
fifteenth century. The Limbourg brothers are remembered for their Book of Hours, which ran by the month. Each alternative month showed a scene from either the nobility or the peasantry. For instance, May showed royalty, and June shows the proletariat, busy at their deeds.
R. Mutt. "Fountain" is a urinal Marcel Duchamp found in a store and turned sideways.
The artwork was attacked in January 2006 by a 77-year-old.
R Mutt is a fictitious name. It could be a reference to a vendor, Mott, or a comic strip called "Mutt and Jeff."
L.H.O.O.Q. is an imitation of the Mona Lisa, with a moustache.
Rube Golberg was a cartoonist whose characters created complex machines to perform simple tasks.
|"I am a Rococo artist, and my painting 'The Swing,' depicts a woman in a swing high in the air, kicking off her slipper. Her lover is looking up. Cupid holds a finger to his mouth in the painting. It's frivolous, sensuous, and clever. The woman is flirting with her fiancee, and the background is of a sylvan wood. Who am I?"||Matching - Artists and their time period/movement
Jean-Honore Fragonard. Jean-Honore Fragonard was taught by Chardin, a painter whose works try to teach morals.
The Rococo period occured during the eighteenth century in France, and was full of ludicrous sensuality and frivolity. The inside of Rococo buildings are very ornate, with gold gilding and many ostentatious decorations.
Elizabeth Louise-Vigee Lebrun was a contemporary of Fragonard's, but she was more of a naturalist painter than a Rococo one. She did some self-portraits, as well as some of Queen Marie Antoinette.
Louis Valtat was yet another Fauvist.
Vincent Van Gogh was a Post-Impressionist. He is a household name and his works were at times the most expensive paintings ever sold.
Fauvism. Fauvism comes from a French word meaning "wild beast." The movement's original teacher was Gustave Moreau. Fauvists used bright, vivid colors, usually unnatural, and complementary colors to contrast.
Henri Matisse's "The Red Room" was originally blue, before he painted it green, and then finally chose the crimson hue that gave it its name.
Another well-known Fauvist is Andre Derain.
proto-Renaissance. Donatello is famous for his statue of David, which was the first free-standing nude since antiquity. He also made a figure known as Zuccone ("pumkin-head"), which rests high up on Florence Cathedral.
Dadaism and Surrealism. Duchamp was a French artist, who died aged 81, in his birth country. Contrary to some people's beliefs, most of his famous "readymade" artworks were crafted by him, and not pre-fabricated! Pretty cool, huh?
Pablo Picasso. Picasso was born in Spain in 1881 and died in France in 1973. Jose Ruiz Blasco, his father, was a drawing professor in a Spanish school. When he was only 15, Pablo already had his first workshop!
Surrealism. Surrealism's objective was to reflect dreams and the unconscious feelings. Sigmund Freud, also known as "the father of psychoanalysis" knew eight languages: German, Hebrew, French, English, Spanish, Italian, Latin and Greek.
Pointillism. Some of the important artists from this movement include Seurat, Cross and Signac. Pointillism originated in late 1880's, when Georges Seurat started developing this technique. "A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte", one of his most famous works, took him two years to paint! Can you imagine that?
|Gustave Courbet, Jean Francois Millet and Honoré Daumiere were some of the most famous Realist artists. Which country did they all represent?||Miscellaneous: Art Movements
France. Courbet died in 1877, and he is considered the most important realist. Millet died in 1875 and Daumiere in 1879. If you're interested in Realism, you might want to check out some paintings from the above artists like "The Gleaners" by Millet, "Young Women from the Village" by Courbet and "The Third Class Carriage" by Daumiere.
Beyond reality. Surrealism can be defined as an artistic style that developed during the 20th century and provided nonrational or unreal imagery. You have to make your imagination work to really understand Surrealism.
France. Impressionism originated in France, in the second half of the 19th century. Impressionists usually paint landscapes. They are also very concerned with light, how it is reflected and how it acts in our brains.
Reproduce nature. Realism intended to paint things just as they were. No embellishment, no interpretation, no emotions or feelings, just reality. However, it did (and does) pay attention to perspective, which must be accurate.