Interesting Questions, Facts and Information
- There are a total of 45 general entries. We are selecting 30 for display.
Interesting Questions, Facts, and Information
Gangrene. Richard was attacking the fortress at Chalus. A guard saw a small squadron of horsemen below the castle. He fired and his crossbow bolt struck one of the horsemen in the left shoulder. The wounded knight stood up on his stirrups and congratulated the soldier on his dexterity. Richard was the wounded 'knight'. He dismounted, sat on a rock, to have himself examinated by the doctor. Richard rode back to his quarters, making light of his wound. But it proved difficult to remove the iron arrow-head. Gangrene set in and after a few days Richard knew that he was dying. He forgave the defenders and Pierre Basile in particular, who had shot him. Thus, the Coeur de Lion died.
|Returning from the Holy Land, with a three year truce, Richard fell into the hands of whom?||Richard Coeur de Lion
Leopold, Duke of Austria. After a difficult voyage brought him back from Marseille to Corfu, and then to Ragusa, he landed with just a handful of fellows in arms. Alas, he was in the estates of his mortal enemy, Leopold, Duke of Austria. Shortly before Christmas 1192, Richard fell into the hands of Leopold who had been warned that the English king was back. Richard was thrown into a dungeon. A few months after, Leopold sent Richard to a strong castle built high on a mountain-slope overlooking the Danube. This was the castle of Durnstein, at Trifels, in the estates of the Emperor Henry VI. The whole of Europe knew about it the capture. But nothing helped and the European sovereigns as a whole made no secret of their contentment, for Richard was neutralized at last. Alone, Eleanor negotiated her son's ransom and brought it to the Emperor in Cologne. On February 2, 1194, Richard was set free.
|In September 1191 Richard won a victory in the Holy Land. What was the name of the battle?||Richard Coeur de Lion
|In 1190 Richard met his future wife and they were married at Limassol in May 1191. Who was she?||Richard Coeur de Lion
Berengeria of Navarre. In April, Richard sailed, with Berengeria, for Cyprus. On May 12th, three days after they arrived, Richard and Berengeria were married in the Chapel of St Georges at Limassol.
It seems that Berengeria never set foot in England!
|In 1190, Richard I, set of for the Crusades with King Philip, but bad weather caused the two kings to winter on which Island?||Richard Coeur de Lion
Sicily. The two kings decided to winter in Sicily. The time passed quietly and pleasantly enough. But on February 2, 1191, the two kings had a violent quarrel.
Aquitaine. Richard refused. He had spent the formative years of his life in Aquitaine, bending the recalcitrant province to his will, and was not going to give it up. Richard kept his Duchy and John remained 'John Lackland'.
|What event happened on December 29th 1170, which caused huge problems for the royal family?||Richard Coeur de Lion
Thomas Becket was murdered. Thomas Beckett, Archbishop of Canterbury, was killed, by order of Henry II, King of England, in his Cathedral.
Henry. Richard's mother, Eleanor of Aquitaine, in her second marriage, had given two heirs to the throne of England, with Henry (the Young), Richard's elder brother, and Richard himself. She would have two others sons, Geoffrey, and the last, John, born in 1167.
At Fontrevault near his father.. His body was buried at Fontrevault but his heart was removed from his corpse and buried in Rouen. The building of Chateau Gaillard was just one of the ways he had found of costing his country a fortune. His captivity in Austria meant that a ransom equivalent to £12 million in modern money had to be screwed out of the people of England for a man who showed no affection at all for the country.
He wanted to claim some gold that a peasant had dug up.. Richard's motivation on this occasion seems to have been greed. The peasant had passed the gold to his immediate overlord and Richard had demanded that it be passed on to him. It was a trivial way for a king to die. Typically Richard carried it off in great style by pardoning the man who had fired the fatal crossbow bolt.
His nephew Arthur. In spite of this nomination Richard actually left England to be run by William Longchamp, Bishop of Ely. He was another Frenchman much hated by most of the people of England. Longchamp operated under the supervision of Richard's mother, Eleanor of Aquitaine. Before he died Richard nominated John as his heir in spite of Arthur's better claim through an elder brother. Thus he caused the succession to be disputed once again.
He ordered them to be massacred.. The numbers given for this act of slaughter were 2,700. The fact that the victims had surrendered rather than been taken prisoner during the battle made this crime seem even worse. It is suggested that Richard I lost his patience over the negotiations and ordered the men, women and children to be butchered in full sight of the opposing army of Saladin. In contrast Saladin enjoyed a reputation for treating his prisoners well.
His mother's - Eleanor of Aquitaine. The marriage took place on the 12th May at Limassol in Cyprus. The lands of Navarre were adjacent to those of Aquitaine, the part of Richard's own lands that he most loved. In spite of this marriage Richard and Berengaria had no children and Richard only lived openly with his wife when a charge of sodomy was brought against him.
The Third Crusade. Some historians report that Richard I went on the Third Crusade as a result of a promise that he made to his dying father. He won several victories but never did capture Jerusalem. His reputation as a fierce fighter was certainly enhanced at this time.
London. The only thing that appealed to Richard about England was the money that he could raise by taxing his people or by selling his estates. There is no evidence whatsoever of concern for any of his subjects.
Less than 1 year. Some sources say that he spent no more than 6 months in England. Others report that is was 10 months. All agree that it was certainly less than a year. The truth is that he had no love for England and a great deal of love for those areas of France which he considered his home.
The slaughter of a large number of Jews.. Richard was probably partly responsible for the massacre that took place. It is reported that in the strongest terms he encouraged his subjects to turn away the unbelievers from the ceremony. This was interpreted as a license for attacking the Jews and their property in London.
31. Richard was born on the 8th September, 1157 and was crowned on the 2nd September, 1189. Thus he was 31 years of age and only just short of being 32. Two older brothers had died before he, the third son, came to the throne. His brother Henry had actually been crowned as King of England but this was done by the Archbishop of York rather than that of Canterbury and Henry II had tried to give this son this minor kingdom whilst he considered himself the King of several kingdoms. The "young king" was not recognised by the Pope nor any of the important European monarchs. Thus when young Henry died Henry II was forced to recognise Richard, whom he did not like or trust, as his heir.
Henry's nose suddenly began to bleed.. Howden and Giraldus both report this incident. To them contemporary people would have assumed that this indicated that Richard was guilty of killing his father. That Richard may have contributed to his father's death is certainly probable for he had combined with the France king in a final rebellion. On the other hand John, Henry II's favourite son, probably caused his father more grief when he too was found to be numbered amongst the rebels.
His father - Henry II. The campaign was in fact a revolt by the brothers against the will of their father and the way he insisted they should run their parts of his larger kingdom. It seems odd that Richard's reputation should remain so high after betraying the trust of the one who gave him life and who was his king. He was more than once a traitor.
Poitiers. Though Richard's reputation is largely based on his exploits during war-time, he actually preferred the company of his sophisticated and well-educated mother in Aquitaine to that of his belligerent father who was always on the move. This didn't stop Richard from becoming the sort of man who seemed to look anywhere for an opportunity to fight.
Seven - four brothers and three sisters.. The eight children of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine were William (who died young), Henry, Matilda, Geoffrey, Eleanor, Joan, John and, of course, Richard himself. The legends tend to focus on Richard and John, though Geoffrey's son, Arthur, is often included when King John becomes king.
In Oxford in England. Richard was born the 8th September, 1157 at Beaumont Palace in Oxford. Thus, in spite of not speaking a word of English, Richard was at least born in the country.
Fontevrault. Richard was buried beside his father, Henry II. Later, his mother, Eleanor, and his sister-in-law Isabella of Angouleme, John's widow, were also buried there. Berengaria was buried in Le Mans in an abbey she founded there.
|In order to protect the 'gateway to Normandy', Richard had erected a strong castle. Nicknamed the 'saucy castle', what was the name of this castle of which Richard was very proud?||Richard I
Chateau Gaillard. Richard was proud of his 'saucy castle' and Philip II resentful since he believed that its construction was in violation of a treaty between France and England. Philip boasted that he could take the castle 'though its walls were made of iron'. Richard retorted that he would hold it 'though its walls were made of butter'. Chateau Martel was where Henry (the young king) died. Gisors was the site of many of the meetings between Henry II and both Louis VII and Philip II. Chateau Chinon was the stronghold of the Loire and the place where Henry II died.
|Although William Longchamp was restored as chancellor upon Richard's return, he was not given the same authority that he had enjoyed when Richard left for the crusade. It was while exercising this authority, that he had been expelled from England. Richard made his Archbishop of Canterbury the chief justiciar, a position superior to that of chancellor. Who was this cleric? ||Richard I
Hubert Walter. Hubert Walter was a capable and hard working civil servant. He served Richard for four years before being allowed to retire due to the strains of his office. Baldwin was Archbishop of Canterbury and led a contingent at Acre. Dismayed at the conduct of the troops, he died at Acre in 1190. Geoffrey was Archbishop of York and was Richard's half brother. He served as chancellor under Henry II.
|Richard was captured by Leopold, Duke of Austria, on his return from the crusade. Leopold had been angered by Richard's treatment of him during the battle of Acre and imprisoned him, although this was in violation of the crusader's oath. Prior to his being surrendered to Leopold's overlord, Emperor Henry VI, where was Richard imprisoned?||Richard I
Durnstein Castle. Leopold imprisoned Richard at Durnstein, on the Danube west of Vienna. The Kaiserburg was the large imperial castle in Nuremberg, but was not one of Richard's prisons. When Richard was handed over to Henry VI, he was moved to the stronghold of Trifels where the imperial regalia was stored. Later, when Henry VI decided upon the ransom demand, he was moved to more comfortable quarters at Worms.
|Upon his return, Richard commanded that his designated heir, Arthur, come to his court to be educated there. Arthur's mother, a strong willed woman who detested the Angevins, refused to allow this believing it was an attempt on the part of Richard to gain control of her son with the idea of eliminating him. Who was this woman?||Richard I
Constance. Constance of Brittany was married to Geoffrey and was the daughter of Conan IV. Geoffrey, son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine, was Duke of Brittanny due to the fact that he was married to the only child of Conan IV. When he was killed in a tournament, Constance became reigning duchess until she abdicated in favour of her son Arthur.
|One of the reasons that Richard chose Berengaria of Navarre as his bride was the hope that the Navarese would act to protect Richard's territories in the Aquitaine. This in fact was true and Berengaria's brother assisted in the reconquest after Richard returned from the crusade. Who was her brother?||Richard I
Sancho VII. While engaged in assisting Richard to regain territories ceded to Philip II by his brother John during the crusades, Sancho, Richard's brother-in-law, learned of the death of his father, Sancho VI. Leaving his troops to continue assisting Richard, he had to return to Navarre to ascend to the throne there.
|Richard left authority in England divided between two justiciars. Hugh du Puiset, Bishop of Durham was made justiciar of the north. Who was appointed justiciar of the south?||Richard I
William Longchamp, Bishop of Ely. William Longchamp was a headstrong individual. After Richard had departed for the crusades, he followed him to France and managed to have his authority increased at the expense of his colleague. He was forced to retreat to Normandy as a result of the antagonism he had created with the aristocracy.