Special Sub-Topic: Aviation and Flying
|The Wright brothers were the first to attain sustained, powered, and controlled flight.|
t. Although others before them had successfully glided, the Wright brothers were the first to achieve flight in the modern sense.
|The WWII P-51 Mustang was fitted with what legendary power plant?|
Merlin V-12 engine. Correct answer is the Merlin V-12. With its huge displacement and outstanding reliability for the era, this engine powered the venerable P-51 during the second world war.
|This type of engine powers most of today's large commercial jets.|
turbine. Today, jets utilize high-bypass turbine engines. Earlier commercial airliners used turbine engines with smaller intake diameters and smaller inlet fans. In recent years, engineers have realized that, and engines can now have increased efficiency and performance with a much larger fan, allowing for more air to bypass the combustion chamber of the engine. This configuration also results in less pollution and noise.
|The first supersonic jet to enter full commercial service was the _______.|
Concorde. Sadly, the last concorde flew in 2003 before being taken out of service due to high operating costs.
|Which of the following aircraft manufacturers is based in Toulouse, France?|
Airbus. Airbus is famous for its side-stick style flight yoke. Instead of the traditional yoke in between the pilot's legs, Airbus was the first to use fly-by-wire controls in the cockpit of a commercial airliner. Although the newest technological advances are usually preferred by pilots, some still swear by the old style flight yoke, common in most general aviation aircraft.
|Of the following jets, which has the longest range in nautical miles?|
B747. Since the late 60s, the 747 has been the high-water mark for long-range travel. The others listed are used for short to medium-range hauls.
|Many new pilots start their training in a Cessna 172 _______?|
Skyhawk. The 172 Skyhawk is a great four-seat training aircraft.
|A pilot is bringing his aircraft down on final approach. He uses an ILS to coordinate his descent to the runway. Is using an ILS known as a "precision approach"?|
y. The answer is yes. ILS stands for Instrument Landing System. Given that the aircraft has the proper equipment, pilots use an ILS to guide the plane down to the runway. When visibility is low, an ILS tell a pilot whether he or she is above or below, and to the left or right, of course.
|Atlanta, Miami, Dallas/Ft. Worth, and Los Angeles airports are all located in which class of airspace?|
class B. The largest airports in the U.S. lie in class B airspace. Class B airspace covers the largest area and handles the most traffic as well. Imagine an upside-down wedding cake with multiple layers, that is what class B airspace looks like. No pilot may go into this type of airspace without proper communication and navigation equipment.
|Ronald Reagan fired almost all of the air traffic controllers during a strike in what year?|
1981. Air traffic controllers were not allowed to go on strike because they were government employees.
|The Boeing 777 was the first aircraft designed completely on computer before being built.|
t. The 777 was designed from the ground up completely with computers. From the earliest stages of design, engineers at Boeing could put data directly into a computer and use it to decide wether or not it would fly properly without having to make a large scale model and spend hours in a wind tunnel.
|Which of the following aircraft was designed to carry the Soviet space shuttle on its back?|
Antonov 225. Only one AN 225 remains in existence today. It was scrapped after the fall of the Soviet Union, but was later privately restored to haul cargo around the world.
|Although still in the design phase as of 2003, which aircraft is the first ultra long-range double-decker commercial jet?|
A380. The Airbus A380 will hold up to 800 passengers in an all-coach configuration!
|Let's see if you know your regulations! To fly above FL180 (18,000 feet), you have to have which of the following licenses or ratings:|
instrument. You must be instrument rated to fly above 18,000 feet. Anything above FL180 is also considered to be class A airspace.
|The captain of a scheduled commerical flight is required to carry a 1st class medical card at all times when operating his company's aircraft.|
t. For some un-scheduled commercial flights, such as one conducted under part 135 using a small turboprop or piston twin, the captain is only required to hold a class 2 medical (see FAR 135.243).
There are three types of medical qualifications for flying: 1st, 2nd, and 3rd class. A 3rd class is required for private pilots and have the least strenuous medical standards, while an airline pilot requires a 1st class with the highest medical standards.
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