Special Sub-Topic: Bauhaus
|"Bauhaus" stands for "to Build a House".|
f. No! Bauhaus actually stands for "House of Building" or "Building School". Either is correct. Also, "Bauhaus" is actually just the common name for "Staatliches Bauhaus", which was a school located in Germany. This school designed architecture as well as ergonomic chairs and other household items.
|Who founded Bauhaus?|
Walter Gropius. Though it was founded by Gropius, Meyer and van der Rohe were both later deemed "architect-director" later on in the school's history. Paul Klee was simply an artist who was drawn to cubism and surrealism who taught at the Bauhaus school for a time.
|In what year was Bauhaus founded?|
1919. This is the same year that Germany and the Allied forces signed the Treaty of Versailles, effectively ending World War I.
|What city was Bauhaus founded in?|
Weimar. Liszt, Bach, Göthe and Schiller were all from Weimar as well. It is known as one of the great cultural centers of Europe.
|Bauhaus existed from 1919 to 1928 under Gropius, but in 1925 it was relocated to this German city until 1932.|
Dessau. The college relocated to Dessau (in 1925) because it was forced out of Weimar for political reasons.
|Was the last city that Bauhaus relocated to in 1932 Berlin?|
y. By the time the school had moved to Berlin there were already politics working against it, such as when writers such as Alfred Rosenberg and Wilhelm Frick began criticizing the modern style movements.
|What political group or major event closed the school of Bauhaus in 1933?|
It was closed by the Nazi (Nationalsozialismus) party.. The Nazi party was determined to eliminate "cosmopolitan modernism", which they saw as foreign and "un-German". This of course included the entire Bauhaus movement, whose members fled to various other countries including the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the United States.
|Walter Gropius fled to which country?|
first Britain, then the United States. He lived in Britain until 1937 and he then moved to Lincoln, Massachusetts. He also built the prolific "Gropius House" while he was in Massachusetts, which helped bring his style of International Modernism to the United States.
|Hannes Meyer fled to Oslo, Norway with seven of his students in 1930 after he was fired by Gropius.|
f. He actually fled to Moscow where he formed a group called the "Left Column", which enjoyed little success as Moscow dismissed him and his team in 1926. He worked in Mexico City for awhile before he died in Switzerland in 1954.
|Ludwig Mies van der Rohe moved to Chicago during World War II where he lived until he was buried there in 1969.|
t. He also designed very modern looking furniture such as the Barcelona Chair and table. These pieces of furniture have become icons of the Bauhaus movement.
|What artistic movement influenced Bauhaus the most?|
Modernism. Modernism gave rise to the ideals of rationality and functionality along with the simplified form. It also influenced the mass production/industrial aspect that helped make Bauhaus so unique.
|Bauhaus was part of a broader (and similarly named) movement of German architectural modernism. Can you name this movement?|
Neues Bauen. Staatliches Bauhaus, as we have stated, is the name for the school that was located in Weimar. Hochbaufenster is an above ground construction window, and Fachwerkhäuser are built with a uniquely German half-timbered construction style. Neues Bauen means "New Building", and the period lasted from the 1920s to the 1930s.
|Tel Aviv was named as a UNESCO World Heritage Site because of its abundance of Bauhaus style architecture.|
t. An area located inside Tel Aviv is deemed "White City" because of its concentration of over 4,000 Bauhaus style buildings built from the Jewish Bauhaus and Neues Bauen builders who fled the Nazi regime in the 1930s.
|Which one of the famous Bauhaus designers coined the aphorism "less is more"?|
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. He is also known to have been famous for coining the aphorism "God is in the details."
|Which of these aphorisms, originally stated by the American architect Louis Sullivan in 1896, has often been applied to the Bauhaus school?|
Form follows function.. "Form follows function" can also be listed as "function precedes form". It required the architects of Bauhaus to remove ornamentation on their buildings and get back to the basics. Thank you for taking my quiz! It was my first one, so please vote if you like it!
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