Special Sub-Topic: Bones of the Human Body
|What is responsible for the formation of osteoblasts, which are responsible for the formation of bone?|
Osteoprogenitor cells. Osteoprogenitor cells are found in the periosteum and bone marrow.
|Which of the following is NOT a type of bone found in the human body?|
Circular. Long bones are very common in human limbs. Sesamoid bones are found in tendons. Irregular bones are odd-shaped bones, such as bones of the hips.
|The human tongue is crucial to swallowing, chewing, and tasting. What is the name of the bone that anchors the tongue?|
Hyoid. The hyoid bone is shaped like a horseshoe and is not attached to any other bone.
|Though there are 206 bones in the human body, they are not spread out evenly. Where can the most bones be found in the human body?|
Hands. There are 27 bones in each hand. The feet are a close second, with 26 bones being located in each foot.
|Human bones come in an assortment of shapes and sizes. What is the smallest bone found in the human body?|
Stapes. The stapes bone is located in the ear. It is the lightest bone in the human body.
|Bones serve many crucial functions. Which of these is NOT a function of human bones?|
Filtering harmful materials from the body. The kidneys are mostly responsible for filtering blood/waste, not the bones.
|Osteoporosis is a bone disease that leads to an increased risk of fractures.|
T. Osteoporosis is quite common, as approximately 10 million Americans suffer from the disease.
|What is the study of bones called?|
Osteology. Ornithology is the study of wild birds. Ontology is the study of the categories of existing things. Oncology is the study of cancer.
|What is the strongest bone in the human body?|
Femur. The femur, or thighbone, is the largest bone in the human body and is stronger than concrete.
|What is the main function of osteoclasts?|
Bone resorption. Bone resorption is when osteoclasts break down bone to transfer calcium from the bone fluid to the actual bone.
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