Special Sub-Topic: Mi Buenos Aires Querido
|Buenos Aires was initially founded in 1536 by the gold seeking Pedro de Mendoza but failed after 5 years due to attacks by indigenous people. It was "re-founded" in 1580. Who was the new founder?|
Juan de Garay. Juan de Garay was a Conquistador who originally came to Peru and fought in the civil war against Gonzalo Pizarro. He moved to Buenos Aires and formed a permanent settlement there in 1580 at the age of 55 after having been the governor of Rio de la Plata for 6 years.
Fulano de Tal is the Argentine equivalent of John Doe.
Hernando Cortez was the conquistador who conquered Mexico.
And of course Diego Maradona was one of the world's best soccer players.
|The office of the President of the Republic is situated in the Plaza de Mayo. What is it called?|
Casa Rosada. The Casa Rosada is definitely pink in color and its balcony has featured in fact and fiction as the place where Juan Peron and his wife Eva (Evita) made impassioned speeches to the masses.
|The citizens of Buenos Aires have their own particular slant on the Spanish language. Due to mass immigration over the years pure Castilian Spanish has been infiltrated with words from other countries, mainly Italy, producing a type of slang known as?|
Lunfardo. Lunfardo is believed to have many roots but the most common thinking on its providence is that it came from the city's prison population and was a corruption of the word Lombardo meaning outlaw in some Italian dialects.
|As it is situated on the Rio de la Plata, Buenos Aires has been a centre of trade for Argentina and for some surrounding countries with ships docking and departing on a daily basis. Bearing this in mind what do you think the natives of Buenos Aires are known as?|
Portenos. Buenos Aires is one of the most important ports in South America and the locals of the city are proud to be known as "people of the port" or Portenos.
|The tango is both a dance and a type of music which has spread from the port area of Buenos Aires to many countries in the rest of the world. Who, purportedly, originally did this dance?|
Men dancing together in bordellos. Tango as a form of music has roots in Milonga, a music from the rural regions of Argentina. The word tango probably comes from the name given to places where black slaves gathered to celebrate and hold their festivities.
As time went by Tango moved out of the brothels to theaters but remained the music of the poorer Porteno. This did not stop the rich kids flocking to the slums to enjoy this very sensual dance.
Tango has now spread to many countries in the world including non-Latin countries with Japan having a large number of Tango clubs and even their own performers.
|This man born in Tolouse, France in 1890 became the greatest tango singer to date. He recorded over 500 tangos and traveled throughout Latin America and Europe, drawing big crowds in Paris. His 1917 Tango, "Mi Noche Triste" sold more than 100,000 copies. Sadly, his life was cut short when he died in a plane crash in Medellin, Colombia. What was his name? |
Carlos Gardel. Gardel is still a revered figure in Buenos Aires history. His body was viewed by many as it returned from Colombia to be buried in the Chacarita cemetery. A life-size statue of the singer stands at his tomb and each morning a lit cigarette is placed in its hand.
His house, in the street Jean Jaures, was opened as a museum in 2003.
|This is the resting place of many famous Latin Americans including presidents, authors with possibly the most famous being Eva Duarte de Peron who was immortalized in the musical Evita? What is this cemetery called?|
La Recoleta. Evita's body was embalmed after her death from uterine cancer in 1952. Her husband's original plan was to keep her body on view in a mausoleum but he was removed from office by a revolution and the new government realizing that her body, or the place it was laid to rest would be a rallying point for the Peronist supporters, had the body shipped to Milan, Italy where it was buried under a false name. It was not until 20 years later that the body was returned to Buenos Aries and now lays at rest in the Duarte family tomb in La Recoleta.
|During the early part of the 20th century there was wave after wave of immigration to Buenos Aires with a large percentage of the immigrants coming from Italy. With the immigrants came the food and culture. Nowadays, in Buenos Aires, you can find a "Fabrica de Pasta" or pasta shop in nearly every street selling all types of fresh pasta. Traditionally, one type of pasta is eaten on the 29th of each month. What type?|
Gnocchi. The 29th of the month is and was normally the day before pay-day in Argentina and as the ordinary people were often at their poorest at this time, they ate the cheapest food, gnocchi (ñoquis in Spanish) with butter and maybe a little parmesan cheese. It has come to be a tradition to eat this dish in restaurants and leave a banknote as a tip under the plate to bring the diner prosperity in the coming month. Naturally as February 29th only happens once every 4 years, eating ñoquis on this day is considered to be extra special.
|With the vast Pampas close to the city, Buenos Aires is well provisioned with beef. There are many restaurants catering for the locals' longing for their favorite meat. What are these called?|
Parrilla. The Parilla is an integral part of Porteno life. You can eat nearly every part of a cow there but they are also famed for chicken, kid and salads. The meat is grilled over an open fire which is, usually, fueled by wood. A common dish is Asado which is a combination of various grilled meats including steak, kidneys, chicken, chorizo (a spicy sausage) and morcilla (black pudding).
Barbeque is not a word used in Argentina, Cocina means kitchen and Piedras Calientas means hot stones.
|Under military rule from 1976 to 1983, Argentina lost approximately 30,000 of its young people and intellectuals during the "Guerra Sucia" or "Dirty War" that the government waged to suppress left-wing feelings in the country. One group of women gather every Thursday in a square in the city to demand information about these "disappeared" people. Who are they? |
Madres de la Plaza de Mayo. The Madres parade in silence around the Plaza de Mayo in front of the Casa Rosada carrying photographs of their missing family members. Their protests have brought some hope with the exhumation of bodies from mass graves and the identification of these remains using advanced DNA techniques being carried out by recent governments. They are now also involved in other charitable causes and although their last march for the "disappeared" was in January of 2006, they still continue to march to highlight these issues
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