Special Sub-Topic: Name that Russian Text ...!
|"Dismounting from his horse, he laughed, and remarked: 'Am I to receive my death from this skull?' And he stamped upon the skull with his foot. But a serpent crawled forth from it and bit him in the foot, so in consequence he sickened and died." What is the name of this document?|
The Death of Oleg. This Kievan Rus document tells the story of Oleg the Seer's death. According to the document, Oleg had consulted a magician and was told that his horse would cause his death. From that point on Oleg had the horse properly taken care of, but never rode or came near the horse. Upon the horse's death, Oleg went to see the bones, stepped on the skull, was bitten and died. This document can be found in "Russia's Primary Chronicle", translated in "Medieval Russia's Epics, Chronicles, and Tales" by Serge Zenkovsky.
|What is the title of the document that this excerpt comes from? "She gave to each soldier in her army a pigeon or a sparrow, and ordered them to attach by a thread to each pigeon and sparrow a match bound with small pieces of cloth ..."|
Igor's Death and Olga's Revenge. After Oleg's death, Igor became the next Russian ruler. Upon Igor's death at the hands of the Derevlians, Olga devised a plan to avenge him. Immediately after Igor's burial, the Derevlians came to Olga and wished her to wed their Prince Mal. She then told the men to go back to their camp and wait in their boat. Olga then had her men dig a ditch and the next day her men carried the Derevlians in their boat to Olga's ditch and buried them alive. Then she closed up more of the Derevlians in bath house to burn to death. Finally, Olga laid siege on Derva for a year. One night Olga ordered her men to do the above passage and then release the birds over the village, setting fire to the town. As the villagers ran for safety, she either slaughtered them, made them slaves, or made them pay tribute. Document also taken from Zenkovsky's "Medieval Russia's Epics, Chronicles, and Tales".
|"...ten days after his improper wedding, this accursed man died an evil death, having reigned for one year." What is this document's title?|
Avraamy Palitsyn: Psuedo Dmitry. This document, also from Zenkovskys book, was written during the Times of Trouble by Avraamy Palitsyn, a monk of the Holy Trinity-St. Sergius Monastery. Palitsyn's work on the Times of Trouble is one of the best known pieces of literature. His A Concise History Written in Memory of Past Generations tells readers of the First False Dmitry and his demise. Eventually the Russians found him to be a liar and he was murdered by the Boyars. He was then burned, his ashes stuffed in a cannon and shot back towards Poland.
|"To the tsar, exalted above all by God, who appeared most illustrious, particularly in the Orthodox faith, but who has now, in consequence of our sins, been found to be contrary of this." What is the title of this work?|
First Epsitle to the Tsar Ivan IV. Prince Andrew Kurbsky's first epistle to the tsar is a protest against Ivan's autocratic rule in Russia. Kurbsky was a friend and military advisor to the tsar until Ivan began his policy of oprichnina. Kurbsky fled to Lithuania where he would write several letters to Ivan about his policies. Document in "Medieval Russia's Epics, Chronicles, and Tales" edited by Serge Zenkovsky.
|Found in the opening lines...."Might it not behoove us, brethren to commence in ancient strains the glorious lay of Igor's campaign Igor, son of Sviatoslav." What is the title of this poetic masterpiece?|
The Lay of Igor's Campaign. The Lay of Igor's Campaign was written on the occasion of the defeat of Prince Igor's campaign against the Kumans. The Lay is considered a poetic masterpiece and is considered the highest achievement in Russian literature during the Kievan era. The Lay of Igor's campaign is translated in Zenkovsky's "Medieval Russia's Epics, Chronicles, and Tales".
|"Like a poor dog I lay on the straw; and sometimes they fed me, and sometimes they did not; there were many mice and I would strike at them with my biretta-the fools had not given me a stick; I lay all the time on my belly, my back was covered with sores, and of fleas and lice there was abundance." What is the name of the document that describes the experiences of the man in the excerpt?|
The Life of Archpriest Avvakum by Himself. The Life of Archpriest Avvakum by Himself was an autobiographical account of Avvakum's exile in Siberia. Avvakum was a member of the Seekers After God and opposed Patriarch Nikon's re-editing of the Greek Orthodoxy. Published in "Medieval Russia's Epics, Chronicles, and Tales" by Zenkovsky.
|"By divine agency, Vladimir was suffering at that moment from a disease of the eyes...The princess declared to him that if he desired to be relieved of this disease, he should be baptized with all speed, otherwise it would not be cured. When Vladimir heard her, he said: 'If this proves true, then of a surety is the God of the Christians great...'" What is this work titled?|
Vladimir Christianizes Russia. Vladimir, son of Sviatoslav, was faced with a difficult decision of choosing a religion for his people. He vacillated between Islam, Judaism, Western Christianity, and Greek Orthodoxy. Vladimir sent envoys out to investigate each religion and report their findings. The envoys were immediately awed with the beauty and prestige of the churches in Byzantium (Greek Orthodoxy). And upon being cured of his eye disease, Vladimir proclaimed he knew there was one true God. Vladimir was baptized in the Church of St. Basil and forced his people to be baptized also. Found in Russia's Primary Chronicles. Translated by Serge Zenkovsky in "Medieval Russia's Epics, Chronicles, Epics, and Tales".
|"...the people ate lime leaves, birchbark; they ground wood pulp and mixed it with husks and straw; and some ate buttercups, moss, and horse flesh...Fathers and mothers would give their children as gifts to merchants or put them to death." This document is describing the life of peasants. What is the title of this work?|
Life in the City of Novgorod. Found in the Novgorodian Chronicle, this passage describes the life of peasants in southern and central Russia after the princes held absoulte control. This passage reflects the hardships and every day life of the peasant population. Found in the Novgorodian Chronicles, edited and translated by Zenkovsky in "Medieval Russia's Epics, Chronicles, and Tales".
|"Then they fell upon him like wild beasts about the tent, and overcame him by piercing with lances...The murderers...wrapped him in a canvas, loaded him in a wagon, and dragged him off, though he was still alive...When they came and saw that he was still alive, one of them drew his sword and plunged it into his heart..." Whose murder is being told in this document? Name the title of this work. |
The Martyrdom of Boris and Gleb. After the death of Vladimir, a struggle erupted among his sons: Sviatopolk, Boris, and Gleb. This document describes Sviatopolk's siezure of power and systematic murder of his two brothers. As a result of Sviatopolk's actions, Boris and Gleb became the first Russian Saints. From the Primary Chronicle, edited by Zenkovsky in "Medieval Russia's Epics, Chronicles,and Tales".
|"There was no law among them, but tribe rose against tribe. Discord thus ensued among them, and they began to war one against another. They said to themselves: "Let us seek a prince who may rule over us, and judge us according to law."..." What document does this quote come from?|
Beginning of the Russian State and the Arrival of Rurik. Document describing the arrival of Rurik and the Varangians. This document is hotly debated between Russian scholars and Normanists, who believe the document to be true. Also in the Primary Chronicle, edited by Zenkovsky.
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