Special Sub-Topic: The Musculoskeletal System
|What field of medicine is not concerned with the musculoskeletal system?|
Endocrinology. Endocrinology concerns the glands.
|What part of the bone contains the bone marrow?|
Medullary cavity. Bone marrow is a fatty substance that produces blood cells. The medullary cavity is lined with a fibrous membrane called the endosteum.
|What are cartilage cells called?|
Chondrocytes. Cartilage contains collagen fibers embedded in a gelatinous substance that provides flexibility.
|Which of these is one type of joint in the ankle?|
Hinge. The ankle joint is also called the uniaxial hinge.
|Which of these is not a type of muscle tissue?|
Rough. Skeletal (or voluntary) muscle in under a person's direct control. Smooth (or involuntary)muscle is found in the organs and functions through involuntary stimulation. Cardiac muscle is found only in the heart.
|What connects bones to muscles?|
Tendons. Tendons are like heavy cords and are composed of thick, finbrous connective tissue that provides strength at their attachment sites.
|What age group is most likely to be diagnosed with scoliosis?|
Adolescents. Scoliosis is a familial trait that is most commonly seen in girls and may cause spinal deformity if not surgically corrected.
|What is the stiffening and later fixation of the bones of the spine?|
Ankylosing spondylitis. Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic, progressive, inflammatory disease of the spine, sacroiliac, and larger joints of the extremities. The process leads to ankylosis and eventually deformity. Males are more often affected than females by a ratio of 10:1.
|Which diagnostic test involves injecting a radiopaque contrast medium into a joint and taking an x-ray?|
Arthrogram. Arthroplasty and arthrodesis are the surgical repair of a joint. Arthrocentesis is a procedure to remove fluid from a joint.
|Which of the following is not an NSAID?|
Flexeril. Flexeril is a muscle relaxant. NSAID is the abbreviation for nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
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