Special Sub-Topic: The Purple Heart
|Who received the first Purple Heart?|
Sgt. Elizah Churchill. He was awarded for his attack on Fort St. Charles on Nov. 23, 1780, during the Revolutionary War.
|What was the Purple Heart originally called?|
Badge of Military Merit. It was created by George Washington for extraodinary valor.
|What General helped establish the modern Purple Heart?|
Gen. Douglas MacArthur. Gen. MacArthur was awarded the new medal on February 22, 1922, by President Hoover for his World War I service.
|What was the name of the dog awarded the Purple Heart during World War II?|
Chips. He also was awarded the Silver Star for charging a Nazi machine gun in Sicily. The Army later revoked both medals.
|What criteria was the most recent qualification for the Purple Heart?|
Injury or death due to Terrorism. President Reagan added this qualification.
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