Special Sub-Topic: What Does All of this 'Medical Terminology' Mean?
|If someone has gastritis, what organ is affected?|
the stomach. Gastritis means inflammation of the stomach. Gastr- is the root word for stomach, and the suffix -itis means inflammation.
|If someone has an electroencephalogram (or EEG), what part of the body is being recorded?|
the brain. The combining form cephal/o does mean head, but encephal/o means brain. This is a record of the electricity in the brain.
|If someone had a breast adenocarcinoma, what kind of doctor would they see for treatment?|
oncologist. A breast adenocarcinoma is a cancerous tumor of a gland in the breast. An oncologist is a specialist in the study of tumors (of cancer). A nephrologist is a kidney specialist, and a gynecologist is, literally, a specialist in the study of women (and their 'women' parts!).
|The suffix -coccus is plural for -cocci.|
f. It's the other way around. The suffix -coccus is the singular form, and -cocci is the plural form. It means berry-shaped bacterium or bacteria (plural). Examples of this are staphylococcus (berry-shaped bacterium in clusters) and streptococci (berry-shaped bacteria in twisted chains).
|The suffix meaning "surgical puncture to remove fluid" is...|
-centesis. An -ectomy is an excicion, removal, or resection; -ostomy is an opening to form a mouth (or stoma); and -otomy means incision, to cut into.
|Where would you feel pain if you had myalgia?|
a muscle. Nerve pain is neuralgia, joint pain is arthralgia, and fiber pain is fibralgia.
|What is happening to your bones if you have osteomalacia?|
they are softening. The suffix -malacia means a condition of softening, and the combining form for bone is oste/o. Make sure you get enough calcium to help prevent osteomalacia!
|Which one of the following means "the study of the eye"?|
ophthalmology. The combining form for the word "eye" is most likely the most misspelled medical word. The correct combining form spelling is ophthalm/o, as I found out when I took a medical terminology class. An eye specialist is an ophthalmologist.
|What part of the body would you have a hemiglossectomy on?|
the tongue. To break it all down, the prefix hemi- means half, the combining form gloss/o means tongue, and an -ectomy is an excision, removal, or resection. A hemiglossectomy is a surgery to remove half of the tongue.
|If you have sialadenitis, what part of your body is inflammed?|
the salivary glands. The combining form sialaden/o means salivary glands. Gloss/o means tongue, and gingiv/o means gums.
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