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History of Astronomy - Part 3
History of Science
"Another in a series of quizzes that track the history of the science of astronomy from ancient times to the present. This quiz will continue to focus on the development of astronomy among the ancient Greeks and their temporal counterparts. Good luck!"
15 Points Per Correct Answer - No time limit
When we left the Greek world in the second quiz, the Platonic revolution was in full flux. Plato's greatest pupil was undoubtedly Aristotle, a student who disagreed with his master about a great many things. However, in the realm of astronomy their differences weren't so pronounced. Which of these is not true of Aristotle and his cosmological belief system?
He believed that the Earth revolved around the sun
He endorsed the idea of a geocentric universe
He subscribed to the theory of heavenly spheres first developed by Eudoxus
He believed that the world was a globe
Bucking the Platonic trend was another student of Plato, Heracleides of Pontus. Contrary to the system being developed by the Platonists and the Aristotelians, Heracleides asserted which of the following hypotheses?
The Earth revolves around its own axis
The solar system rotated around the center of the galaxy
The Earth was spherical in shape
The sun was the largest object in the solar system
Perhaps the greatest of ancient astronomers was Aristarchus, who lived from c. 310 to 230 B.C.E. Which of these facts is most associated with Aristarchus?
He was the first astronomer to accurately measure the length of a year
He was the first astronomer to advance a heliocentric conception of the solar system
He was the first astronomer to suggest that all interstellar bodies are spherical
He was the first astronomer to utilize geometric concepts to make astronomical measurements
Aristarchus' contributions to astronomy were so significant, he really does deserve two separate questions. With which of these astronomical measurements is Aristarchus associated?
Length of time light takes to reach Earth from the sun
Distance from Earth to Jupiter
Distance from the Earth to the sun
Diameter of the solar system
Another of the greats of the 3rd century B.C.E. was this man, whose greatest contribution to the astronomical science was his very accurate measurement of the Earth's diameter. Who was this Alexandrian scientist?
In 240 B.C.E. the first known recording of Halley's comet was taken by astronomers of which culture?
It is most likely that which of these navigational instruments that utilize astronomical objects for measurement was first perfected by the Greeks in the 3rd century B.C.E.?
Aside from Aristarchus, the other giant in the ancient world of astronomy was Hipparchus. Where was Hipparchus active for most of his career as an astronomer?
Hipparchus was involved in so many large astronomical projects that it might be good to ask a question about what a project with which he was NOT involved. With which of these endeavors was Hipparchus not associated?
Measurement of relative brightness of stars
Calculation of the precession of the equinoxes
The nature of the sun's light and heat
Theory of the motion of planets
The greatest champion of Aristarchus' theoretical ideas was this man, who is also known for his theories on the nature of the Earth's tidal cycle. What was his name?
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Compiled May 26 13