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In the Pharmacy: The I.V. Room
"Is there really an entire room in some hospital pharmacies just for the preparation of intravenous (I.V.) medications? Yes, there is. Take the quiz and learn about I.V. room equipment, techniques, and drugs. Note: The drug names are U.S. specific."
15 Points Per Correct Answer - No time limit
The hospital pharmacy I.V. room (also known as a "cleanroom") is a place for the sterile preparation of I.V. medications. After scrubbing our hands and arms in the anteroom (like a surgeon would before entering the operating room), we should don some appropriate garb. What are these items of clothing collectively called?
Personal protective equipment
Smaller hospitals may not have cleanrooms. Instead, they might use a sealed box with heavy-duty gloves fitted to the interior to prevent contamination of the medication being prepared. What is this device called?
Once inside the cleanroom, pharmacy workers sit or stand at a piece of filtering equipment and prepare I.V. admixtures. What is this piece of filtering equipment known as?
Air control device (ACD)
Particulate elimination system (PES)
Laminar airflow hood (LAH)
The greater part of an I.V. room worker's job consists of using needles and syringes to extract drugs from vials or ampules, then re-injecting the drug into an I.V. bag or bottle containing the proper volume and type of vehicle (liquid solution). Which of these is NOT a common vehicle for I.V. solutions?
0.45 percent sodium chloride solution
Lactated Ringer's solution
5 percent dextrose solution
Which I.V. delivery method takes the shortest amount of time to administer?
All of these take about the same amount of time
Which of these routes of administration require preservative-free drugs and vehicles?
Which of these drugs is LEAST likely to be supplied pre-mixed in an I.V. bag from a manufacturer?
TPN, or Total Parenteral Nutrition, is for patients who cannot process nutrients / food with their digestive systems. Each TPN is a custom-made, complex mixture of sugars, fats, proteins, vitamins, electrolytes, and minerals that is prepared in the I.V. room. True or False: The order in which the ingredients are mixed is important when making TPNs.
Which of these is a hypertonic solution?
None of these
Sodium chloride 0.45 percent
Sodium chloride 3 percent
Sodium chloride 0.9 percent
What is the difference between an ampule and a vial?
A vial is a single-use, all-glass container
An ampule has a rubber top to allow repeated needle entries
There is no significant difference
An ampule is a single-use, all-glass container
What piece of equipment could you use to reconstitute a powdered drug in a vial and add it to an I.V. bag (using the liquid already in the bag) - in one easy operation?
Calculations: A pharmacy technician needs to mix an I.V. bag containing 5 mg of a certain drug for every kg of the patient's body weight. If the patient weighs 160 lbs, and the stock solution of the drug comes as 25 mg per ml, how many ml of solution should the technician add to the bag? (Assume that 1 kg = 2.2 lb.)
Which of these is an I.V. narcotic?
Propofol injectable emulsion
Which of these drugs is NOT an I.V. antibiotic?
Which of these injectable drugs could be used to sedate an agitated patient?
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Compiled May 21 13