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Explorers Though Time
"A tribute to the first ones to arrive..."
15 Points Per Correct Answer - No time limit
By the early 19th century, many societies of Britain and France offered fantastic financial rewards to the first European to return with corroborative reports of a fabled Saharan 'Golden City' known as:
Who was the first explorer to bring news from the city named in Question one and to get the rewards?
Which great river was discovered by Francisco de Orellana and later explored by Pedro Teixeira, Charles Marie de la Condamine, Alexander von Humboldt and Aime Bonpland?
Colorado (Grand Canyon)
Who were the opponents in the 1911 race to arrive first to the South Pole?
Nils Nordeskjold (Sweden) vs. Robert Peary (USA)
Umberto Nobile (Italy) vs. Rear Admiral Richard Byrd (US Navy)
Fridtjof Nansen (Norway) vs. Lincoln Ellsworth (USA)
Roald Amundsen (Norway) vs. Captain Robert Scott (Royal Navy)
Who was the first European to lead an expedition that arrived at India via the rounding of the Cabo de Boa Esperanca (Cape of Good Hope) in 1497?
Vasco da Gama
Vasco Nunez de Balboa
Diogo de Sevilha
An easier one. The Apollo XI mission arrived on the Moon on July 20, 1969. We all know that the first man to take that small step was Neil Armstrong, touching the surface 39 seconds past 4:17 p.m., so I will ask about his fellow astronauts for that mission, who were:
James Lovell and John Swigert
Edwin Aldrin and Michael Collins
Alan Shephard and Edgar Mitchell
John Young and Thomas Mattingly
When Marco Polo returned to Venezia (Venice) from the Silk Road and Cathay (China), he commanded a galley in a war against the rival city of Genova (Genoa). He was captured and spent a year in a prison where one of his fellow-prisoners was a writer of romances named Rustichello da Pisa, who prompted Marco to dictate to him the story of his travels, known sometimes as 'The Description of the World' but more commonly as 'Il M______'. Can you spell it?
(Two Words, high figure even in dollars, Italian spelling preferred but English is OK)
Which European(s)had travelled to, and brought news from the Silk Road BEFORE Marco Polo, his father and his uncle?
No European went there before the Polos
Odorico da Pordenone
Giovanni di Piano Carpini and Guillaume de Rubrouck
Giovanni da Montecorvino
The Spanish Conquistadores found and destroyed many ancient Inca cities in their insatiable search for gold. However, though they knew of this city's existence, they never discovered its whereabouts. The city was re-discovered by the American archaeologist Hiram Bingham in July, 1911:
On January 23, 1960, Swiss ocean explorer Jacques Piccard and U.S. Navy Lt.Don Walsh descended to the bottom of the Challenger Deep of the Marianas Trench (200 miles southwest of Guam), the deepest place on Earth, in a submersible named:
the 'Nautilus' submarine
the 'Alvin' submersible
the 'Trieste' bathyscape
Back into space. Who was the first woman to become a cosmonaut?
One of the first explorers known is the Greek Pytheas of Massilia (Marseille). He navigated North along the European coasts, and reported having arrived at a distant shore. Since then, that name became synonymous with 'End of the World'.
As we have already seen, exploration can be a dangerous business. Which of these explorers did NOT die during his voyages?
Sir Walter Raleigh
Captain James Cook
Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca, David Livingstone, Louis de Hennepin: What type of landmark did these explorers discover?
(One Word (from a high place to a lower one))
Which Viking navigator spent the winter in a country where wild grapes grew (he named it Vinland)?
Leif 'the Lucky' Erikkson
Bjarni (or Bjorne) Herjulfsson
Erik The Red (Eirik Thorvaldsson)
Gunnbjorn Ulfsson (or Ulf-Krakuson)
The first expedition to circumnavigate the globe was initiated by Portuguese navigator Fernao de Magalhaes (Ferdinand Magellan). After his death, the voyage was completed by Sebastian Elcano, with only one ship and a small percentage of the more than 240 men that initiated the trip. The ship was the ____, with only ___ crewmen on board:
Victoria, 18 survivors
San Antonio, 132 survivors
Concepcion, 65 survivors
Santiago, 41 survivors
On which plane did great aviation pioneer Amelia Earhart and her navigator Fred Noonan disappear while attempting the first equatorial round-the-world flight?
From 1905 until the early '30s, pioneer speleologist Benjamin Franklin Einbigler performed a series of explorations of the world's largest known cave system, now known to have a length of more than 350 miles. Can you name this Kentucky's World Heritage Site?
(Two Words (think of a huge paleolithic mammal))
There is an ancient Polynesian voyaging legend about King Hotu Matu'a coming from far away to become the founding father of a Pacific Ocean island which he named 'Te Pito Te Henua' (the Navel of the World). Can you name that island?
Rapa Nui (Easter Island)
Last one about a non-human explorer. Which was the first man-made object to pass beyond the known limits of the solar system?
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Compiled Jun 18 13