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Pioneers in Medicine
Scientists & Inventors
"These are just a few of the pioneers of medicine and surgery. These pioneers developed hormones, anesthetics, antiseptics and antibiotics and more. I hope the biographies are interesting and informative."
15 Points Per Correct Answer - No time limit
Who was the first woman to enroll in a medical school in the United States and receive her M.D. degree?
Which physicians are credited with the discovery and isolation of insulin in the pancreas of animals and then used it to treat patients with diabetes?
J.R. MacLeod and Cushing
Baron and White
Banting and Best
Osler and Collip
Who discovered Penicillin for which he received the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1945?
((Last name only))
Who discovered streptomycin, the first antibiotic effective for the treatment of tuberculosis, for which he was named Nobel Laureate in Medicine in 1952?
Selman A. Waksman
Roger W. Sperry
Which of the following is NOT true regarding the studies and career of Linus Pauling?
Discovered that sickle cell anemia is a genetic defect
Won the Nobel Prize in Medicine
Won the Nobel Peace Prize
Advocated Vitamin C for the Common Cold
Who performed the first succesful human heart transplant in the United States?
Cary W. Akins
C. Walton Lilleihei
Norman E. Shumway
John Oschsner, Sr.
Which of the following is NOT true regarding the studies and life of Albert Schweitzer?
Ordained as curate at the Church of St. Paul
Won the Nobel Peace Prize
Wrote 'The Mysticism of Paul, the Apostle
Studied medicine at the Univ. of Strasbourg
Which physician discovered how to prevent puerperal fever in child birth by introducing antiseptic procedures in the delivery ward?
Ignaz P. Semmelweis
Who was the first to be credited with the discovery of the general anesthetic properties of ether?
Who introduced antiseptic techniques into the operating room and thereby reduced the mortality from post-operative infections from 50 percent to less than 15 percent in a few years?
Emil von Behring
Jule Rene Dubois
Who was the first to strongly advocate the use of chloroform as a general anesthetic during the labor of childbirth?
For what discovery were James Dewey Watson and Francis Crick awarded the Nobel Laureate in Medicine in 1962?
Discovery of the XY chromosome
Discovery of the chemistry of RNA
Discovery of the structure of DNA
Discovery of chromosomes
Who first discovered the RNA-DNA molecule?
Johann F. Miescher
Which of the following is NOT true regarding the contributions of Louis Pasteur to science and medicine?
Developed a rabies vaccine
Discovered an infection in the silk worm
Proved that yeast was necessary for fermentation
Name Nobel Laureate in micro-biology
Who was 'The father of Medicine'?
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Compiled May 23 13