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Neurology and Psychiatry
Nervous System and the Senses
"The brain is an interesting organ which is demonstrated by the fact that not one, but two medical disciplines are dedicated to it. How much do you know about neurology and psychiatry? This is your chance to find out!"
15 Points Per Correct Answer - No time limit
Which two parts of the brain are divided by the tentorium cerebelli?
The cerebellum and the brain stem
The pons and the medulla
The left and right cerebral hemisphere
The cerebellum and the occipital lobe
The emergency room doctor has requested you, a neurologist, to see a 60 year old patient who, for the last 4 hours, has all the symptoms of an acute stroke. You conduct a neurological examination and find weakness and loss of sensitivity in the right leg and a very subtle weakness of the right arm. The CT-scan shows nothing out of the ordinary so you diagnose the patient with a cerebral infarction. Which therapy is most useful in this state of an acute cerebral infarction?
As a stroke patient is recovering, you call an intern to your office and decide to test her knowledge on brain infarctions. You ask her which is the main cause of a cerebral infarction. While she is nervously thinking of the answer, you are trying to remember the correct answer yourself as well. You do know it's any of the following four, but do you remember which?
Thrombo-embolism from the heart
A direct hit on the skull
Thrombo-embolism from the arteria carotis or the arteria vertebralis
Which cells produce the myelin capsule which surrounds the axons in the central nervous system?
The neurons themselves
In a medical faculty somewhere in Europe, two top students are trying to impress the head of the neurology department by showing off their knowledge.
GŁnther von Schmartaschen claims that the status epilepticus consists of convulsions that last longer than 30 minutes.
Heidi Knausital says that intermittent convulsions without recovery of consciousness in between the convulsions are part of the definition of status epilepticus.
Which of the following options is correct?
Heidi is obviously wrong, yet GŁnther knows his neurology book perfectly
Both Heidi and GŁnther studied hard enough, since neither one was wrong
GŁnther could not be more wrong, whereas Heidi is absolutely right
Heidi and GŁnther both need to study a bit harder, since they are both wrong
In the Stroke Unit you see a patient with a total paralysis of the right leg and a light paralysis of the right arm . The nurse tells you the patient suffered a cerebral infarction. She asks you if you can predict where in the flow area of which cerebral arteria this infarction occurred. What do you answer her?
Of course I can, it's located in the arteria cerebra anterior sinister
Of course I can, it's located in the arteria basilaris
Of course I can, it's located in the arteria cerebri anterior dexter
I do not have enough information yet
A mother visits the family doctor to complain about the aggressive and hyper-energetic behaviour of her thirteen year old son. After a thorough examination the doctor thinks the child might be autistic. However, he sends the mother home without a diagnosis. Why does he do that?
Because he needs more informants than the mother alone to diagnose autism
Because he may not use the information he received from the mother to set the diagnosis 'autism'
Because only a child psychiatrist is allowed to set a diagnosis like autism
Because it would be a violation of the doctor-patient relationship he has with the son of this woman
The boy turned out to be autistic indeed. His parents cannot handle his aggressive behaviour any longer and ask you, their family doctor, to prescribe medication. After some hesitation, you eventually give in and write a prescription. Which of the following medicines is usually effective for the aggressive behaviour of autistic children?
Amphetamines (e.g. methylphenidate-Ritalin)
Antipsychotics (e.g. haloperidol-Haldol)
SSRI's (e.g. paroxetine-Paxil)
Someone who attempts to commit suicide is often suffering from a psychiatric disease. Which disorder is most commonly found in people who attempt to commit suicide?
A 35 year old patient is diagnosed with a depressive disorder. That means she had several of the nine known criteria for depression for at least two weeks. Seven of the nine criteria are known as the 'minor criteria'. Feeling down and sad is one of the two main criteria. What is the other?
Loss of energy
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Compiled Jun 28 12