There have been several operatic (or quasi-operatic) treatments of Goethe's Faust, including Gounod's "Faust", Boito's "Mefistofele", Berlioz's "La Damnation de Faust", and Busoni's "Doktor Faust". Goethe's "Faust" contains a memorable speech, in which Mephistopheles introduces himself thus:|
"Ich bin der Geist, der stets verneint!
Und das mit recht; denn alles, was entsteht,
ist wert, dass es zugrunde geht."
"I am the spirit that always negates!
And justifiably so; for everything that exists
deserves to be destroyed."
Which of the following operatic versions of the "Faust" legend contains a version of this speech, in the form of an aria sung by Mephistopheles?
The Czech opera "The Devil and Kate" affords a rare comical treatment of the "pact with the Devil" theme. Kate is a loquacious village girl whose unending chatter drives away any would-be suitors. When none of the young men at a village fete will dance with her, Kate declares that she would be willing to dance with the Devil himself, if he would have her. A handsome stranger named Marbuel (who is, of course, you-know-who in disguise) appears and, literally, dances her into Hell. Even he, however, grows weary of Kate's constant chatter and he is happy when a shepherd lad named Jirka lures her away. Based on Bohemian folk legend, "The Devil and Kate" is the work of an eminent Czech composer, who also wrote the better-known folktale opera "Rusalka"; who is the composer?|
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