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"During World War II, Japanese forces occupied U.S. territory for over a year. A small, brave band of soldiers call Castner's Cutthroats helped to dislodge them. Take this opportunity to learn about these heroes."
15 Points Per Correct Answer - No time limit
Which area of the United States was occupied by the Japanese during World War II?
Part of the Aleutian Islands
A peninsula in western Alaska
Remote islands in the Hawaiian chain
When did the Japanese attack the Aleutians?
December 1941 after Pearl Harbor
Most of the recruits in Castner's Cutthroats were native to Alaska. In addition to their familiarity with the area, what other attributes made them invaluable to the U. S. Army?
Experts in survival and hunting
All were experienced cartographers
All were unmarried
The army wanted local Alaskans to avoid transportation costs
Why were the 1st Combat Intelligence Platoons called the Cutthroats?
Because they were an irregular military unit
They excelled in fishing for cutthroat trout
This was their method of dispatching the enemy
They wore bright red scarves around their necks
The Cutthroats' first mission was to help establish an airfield on Adak Island which was nearer to the occupied islands than Dutch Harbor. They successfully occupied Adak in August 1942 but found no area suitable for an airstrip. The Cutthroats came up with a very clever idea to overcome the problem. What was it?
They abandoned Adak for a more suitable nearby island
They leveled the small rock-strewn beaches
Drain a small lagoon which had a flat, sandy bottom
Sturdy ice floes north of the island were located
Army commanders believed that in the conflict in the Aleutian islands, they had two enemies, the Japanese being an obvious one. What was the other enemy?
Native Aleutians who escaped internment
May 1943, the military sent forces to retake Attu. The Cutthroats did the reconnaissance and were the first unit in the attack, personally taking the first three beach heads. What major mistake did the U.S Army make in this operation?
They chose a different landing spot than the one recommended by the Cutthroats
An accidental bombing of friendly U.S. troops occurred
They sent too few troops and were eventually repulsed by the Japanese
They ignored the Cutthroats advice on adequate warm clothing and provisions for the troops
Before Attu was taken on 29 May 1943, the Japanese launched one of the largest "banzai" charges of the war. What was the Attu location of this attack?
The Cutthroats were part of the military force that attacked Kisku on 7 August 1943. What kind of resistance did they receive from the Japanese occupiers?
421 Japanese troops surrendered after one day.
The fighting was hand-to-hand for most of the battle.
None, as the Japanese had already left.
The U.S. troops suffered bombardment from Japanese ships.
The Aleutian Islands campaign in World War II is sometimes referred to as "The Forgotten Battle". Why were these events so ignored by the American public?
Journalists refused to go to Alaska so there was no press to write about the events
Alaska was deemed unimportant strategically
Guadalcanal was going on at the same time
The operation was classified "Top Secret" until 1998
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Compiled Jun 28 12