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That's What it Looked Like to Me

Created by EmmaF2008

Fun Trivia : Quizzes : General Psychology
Thats What it Looked Like to Me game quiz
"We have all watched the courtroom drama where the eyewitness picks out the guilty party and seals their fate. Very dramatic, but psychologists question - how accurate are such eyewitnesses?"

15 Points Per Correct Answer - No time limit  



1. Social psychologists have conducted research into wrongful convictions. What did they identify as the biggest factor, accounting for 45% of these convictions?
    Invalid or improper forensics
    False confessions
    Jury contamination
    Eyewitness misidentification


2. In 1896, Albert Von Schrenk-Notzing, a psychologist, appeared as an 'expert witness' in a criminal trial. What did he testify about?
    That pre-trial publicity had contaminated the eyewitness' recall
    That the defendant was a sociopath
    That the eyewitness was a pathological liar
    That the eyewitness was suffering from memory loss


3. In one of the most famous experiments on the validity of eyewitness testimony, Loftus & Palmer, using video of a car accident, showed that something very simple can affect the recall of the event. What was it?
    The lighting used during questioning
    The body language of investigators
    The video quality
    The language used during questioning


4. In 1977 Clifford & Richards conducted a simple experiment to test if a specific factor affected the recall of that event. What was this factor?
    Time of day of the event
    Distraction after the event
    Noise of the event
    Duration of the event


5. In 1979, Elizabeth Loftus conducted an experiment to test the effect of eyewitness testimony on juries. She had students read a summary of a court case and then return a 'verdict'. Loftus managed to change the 'conviction rate' from 72% to 18%. How did she do this?
    She added DNA evidence
    She removed the eyewitness testimony
    She portrayed the eyewitness as partially blind
    She portrayed the eyewitness as dishonest


6. In 1981, Malpass and Devine conducted a staged crime and followed it with a line-up. By changing one thing between two groups when the line-up occurred, false identification dropped from 78% to 33%. What did they change?
    They combined a photo line-up with a live line-up
    They gave a warning the culprit might not be present
    They included people of different ethnicities in the line-up
    They had all of the 'suspects' in the line-up wear the same clothes


7. Information given after eyewitness identification has been made can affect recall.
    True
    False


8. When people are caught up in a crime, attention can tend to focus on details other than the perpetrator, details such as a gun or knife. What term has been coined to describe this phenomenon?
    Fear focus
    Stress perception
    Attention refocus
    Weapon focus


9. In 2004 an experiment showed that, in a certain situation, trained military personnel made incorrect identifications, from a photo line-up, 68% of the time. What type of situation caused this?
    Sleep deprived situation
    Live fire excercise
    High stress interrogation
    Hostage negotiation


10. There is no way to offset the unreliability of eyewitness testimony.
    True
    False


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Compiled Jun 28 12